Papers of John Adams, volume 14

From Wilhem & Jan Willink, 30 January 1783 Willink, Wilhem & Jan (business) Adams, John
From Wilhem & Jan Willink
Sir Amsterdam 30: Jany. 1783

We congratulate Your Excellency on the happÿ conclusion of Peace wishing all possible advantage to America whch. can proceed of so fortunate an event.

in the beginning of this month we had the honour to hand to your Excellencÿ the abstract of His acct. Currt. the ballance of whch. in our favour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ƒ 4787:11:8.

we transferred in new acct. Your Excellency did hitherto not acknowledge to us the receipt of the Same, So we pray you to mention us, if the Same is received and Noted in Conformity with you.1

Messrs. Van den Yver freres & Compe: have drawn on us the ammount of £[₶]4800—payed to Your Excellency according to their Letter of 20 Inst. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ƒ 2319: 15—2

we have also charged to your Excellency acct. we shall however be obliged to you to get us regularlÿ advised of the Sums you are pleased to dispose by Said Gentlemen.


As we are to remit the acct. Currt. to his Excellency Robt. Morris Esqr. we shall be thank full to your Excellency for an order to the Houses. for the amount of your acct. to Inclose it in Said acct. Currt. of the United States.

We have forwarded your Excellencÿ's letter to Messs. Adams by the Firebrand Capn. Phoenix Frazier bound to Boston & have recommanded to said Captain to have proper care of the same he is ready to sail by the first fair wind.3

We have the honour to remain with respect full Consideration / Sir / Your Excellencys Most / Humble & Obedient Servants

Wilhem & Jan Willink

RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “To his Excellency John Adams / Esqr.”


Neither the current account nor the means by which JA received it have been found, but see his reply of 5 Feb., below.


See JA's reply of 5 Feb., below.


See the postscript signed by the Willinks to the loan consortium's letter of 9 Jan., above.

From Francis Dana, 31 January 1783 Dana, Francis Adams, John
From Francis Dana
Dear Sir St: Petersbourg Jany: 20th: 1783. O.S. [31 January N.S.]

After I had closed my last to you acknowledging the receipt of your's of the 22d. of Decr:, my Bankers advised me of the new Credit Mr: Grand had desired them to place to my account. I found it to amount to Dr: Franklin's Moiety of the sum necessary, only. From your letter I was lead to expect that Mr: Grand wou'd have given me a credit here for the whole sum.1 I desired my Bankers to intimate something of this kind to Mr: Grand, & to desire him to speak to the Dr: & you about it. If the other Moiety shou'd be wanted before I can receive any answer upon the subject, I see no other way than to draw upon your bank for it. It is an expence indispensable. Such is the manner of conducting affairs in this Court.

We are still uncertain as to the state of the negotiations of the other belligerant Powers. You have not given me the least clue by which I might discover your own sentiments about them. Every thing with us here depends upon their favourable issue. Nay more, in my opinion, whether we shall have a general war in Europe, depends upon it also: or in other words, the former may depend upon the latter. For judge you, if this is foreseen, whether it is for the Interest of all the belligerant Powers to terminate the present War.

I shall hope for the earliest intelligence from you when the Treaty 225spoken of in your last, shall be concluded— I wish you had explained yourself upon the following passage in that letter “I shou'd not be surprised, if the English Minister to the Empress shou'd negotiate for you.” Perhaps the Turkish War, and its probable effects upon the political systems, may not have been taken into your calculation of events. Or perhaps your particular negotiations may have afforded some special light upon this matter. I want in this moment some parts of that curious history relative to our preliminaries. I have made some conjectures about it which I may communicate hereafter. I will say only at present that such a policy of the British Ministry as you hint at in the above citation, wou'd not perhaps be the worst they can adopt in the present Circumstances.

I have no news from your Son, since my last. If you shou'd see Mr: Allen pray tell him, or otherwise desire Mr: Thaxter to tell him I think it wou'd not be advisable for him to come on here yet a while.2

I am, my dear Sir, your much obliged friend & obedient hb̃le Servt.


RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “His Excellency J. Adams / Minister Plenipotentiary &c” endorsed by John Thaxter: “Mr. Dana / 20. Jany. 1783.” Filmed at 20 January.


Dana's last letter was that of [26 Jan.], above. In his letter of 25 Nov. 1782, above, he stated that he needed between £2,300 and £2,500 sterling to cover the expense of negotiating a Russian-American treaty. In this letter Dana is apparently saying that Benjamin Franklin, through Ferdinand Grand, had sent only half the required amount. The records indicate that Grand, on 14 Jan. at the behest of Franklin, provided Dana with a £2,500 credit at St. Petersburg (DNA:RG 39, Foreign Ledgers, Public Agents in Europe, 1776–1787, Microfilm, Reel 1, f. 147, 161).


Presumably Jeremiah Allen, but he did not take Dana's advice (from Dana, [10 Jan.], note 3, above). For Allen's arrival at Riga in late May and his September sailing for America with Dana, see Dana's letters of [3 June] (filmed at 23 May) and 29 Sept. (both Adams Papers).