Papers of John Adams, volume 14

From David Hartley, 25 April 1783 Hartley, David Adams, John
From David Hartley
Hotel de York April 25 1783

Mr Hartley presents his Compts to Mr Adams and if it be convenient to him, wd be glad to have the honour of waiting upon him and the gentlemen who are the other Commissioners and Ministers from the united States of America at 11 O’clock on Sunday morning, at Mr Adams's hotel, or any where else if more convenient.1 Mr Hartley has had the pleasure of seeing Dr Franklin who lives at the greatest distance, & therefore can inform Mr Adams that the hour and place above mentioned will be very convenient to him, if it shd prove so to Mr Adams and to the other gentlemen.

Saturday Morning

PS I am just going to Passy & from thence to Versailles to pay my respects to Monsr Le Comte de Vergennes

RC (Adams Papers).


Hartley met with JA, Franklin, Jay, and Laurens at JA's lodgings on Sunday, 27 April, and presented his credentials, which the American Peace Commissioners rejected as insufficient, demanding “a Commission under the great Seal” instead of the king's privy seal and one “promising to ratify what he [Hartley] should do.” JA noted that “Mr. Hartley was chagrin'd” by the commissioners’ response and that at the meeting “much 444Conversation passed, which might as well have been spared.” As a result, Hartley requested a new commission that would meet the commissioners’ requirements and on 19 May “the American Ministers met Mr. Hartley at my House, and he shewed Us his Commission and We shewed him ours. His Commission is very magnificent, the Great Seal in a Silver Box with the Kings Arms engraven on it, with two large gold Tassells.” For the text of the new commission, dated 14 May 1783 at the Court of St. James, see JA's Diary entry for 22 May (JA, D&A , 3:112–113, 120, 129–130).

From Tristram Dalton, 26 April 1783 Dalton, Tristram Adams, John
From Tristram Dalton
Sir Newburyport April. 26th. 1783

I embrace the first opportunity, for Europe, to acknowledge the honor of receiving your much esteemed Letters of 28th August & 23d Decem 1782,1 and to congratulate you, in the most affectionate Manner, on the complete Success with which your Labors have been crowned—

The glorious Terms of Peace that the United States of America have obtained, do really fill the Minds of the People with Wonder, when they reflect on their small Beginnings, and the immense Risque they have run—their Hearts overflowing with the highest Sentiments of Gratitude, to the two Commissioners, thro’ whose Conduct, solely, under Heaven, such unexpected Benefits have been obtained— You'll permit me to say that I feel a double Share in these Joys—both because my Country is made capable of being the happiest quarter of the World—and because One who honors me with the Name of Friend has acquired the greatest Share of Glory in placing her in this Situation—

What mighty Events have happen'd in our day already—or rather what astonishing Ones are these to be the Cause of! This important Revolution in America—The almost total Abolition of the Power of the Papal See thro’ Europe, by the free Acts of Princes, who have been, for Ages, under its Yoke—The universal Desire of all Nations to become commercial—must lead to a diffusion of Knowledge—and liberal Connection of Mankind with each other,—in every part of the Globe, and, of consequence, to the Practice of every human Virtue—dissipating Superstition and Error—rendering the Inhabitants of the several Empires as Brethren—

I thank you, sincerely, Dear Sir, for the particular Intelligence you communicated to me in Letters before mentioned— The one of August 28th—did not arrive untill March—the Vessel having had 160 days passage from Holland—

Your worthy Brother, and our mutual Friend, Mr Cranch, tells me that you have asked Liberty of Congress to leave Europe, and to 445return to your native Country—2 I shall be one of many thousands who will rejoyce to see You—and as this may not meet You in the old Country I shall omit giving particular Advice of Politics here. If I find your Tarry in Europe fixed upon, the first and frequent opportunities shall be embraced to give you what little information I can obtain— And as it is my intentions to attend the G Court this year, if chosen, political Manoeuvres will come more under my Notice— From what I can learn, Our Court, I mean that of Philada. is not free from Parties, and hazardous Views— your Presence here is much wanted on every Account, beside personal— The Knowledge of our Politicians is in general too confined to guard sufficiently against the Wiles of the old Countrys—

In Case you tarry in Europe I will communicate to you freely on our political Movements—and in that Channel which You think may be free from Inspection—an evil often attending Letters to Persons in high rank—and shall be greatly obliged by such intelligence and advice, as You think may be serviceable to our Country—such parts of which, if any, as you wish to be kept private, shall be so kept, when signified—

Mrs D has minuted your kind promise to take a Saturdays Dinner with me—and joyns in hopes that it may establish a sincere and lasting Friendship in every Branch of our Families—

I am, in every possible Consideration, Dear Sir, Your obliged Friend & most humble Servant

Tristram Dalton

RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Hnble John Adams Esqr”; endorsed: “Mr Dalton 26 April / 1783.”


Neither of these letters has been found, but the 28 Aug. letter was likely similar to JA's letters of the following day to Samuel Adams, Arthur Lee, and Norton Quincy, all of which concerned JA's efforts in the Netherlands and the prospects of the impending Anglo-American peace negotiations (vol. 13:402–404; AFC , 4:367–369).


Richard Cranch presumably had heard of or read JA's letter to AA of 4 Dec. 1782 announcing his decision to resign, to which she replied on 7 April ( AFC , 5:46–47, 116–119).