Papers of John Adams, volume 15

From Francis Dana

xxxv Guide to Editorial Apparatus
Guide to Editorial Apparatus

The first three sections (1–3) of this guide list, respectively, the arbitrary devices used for clarifying the text, the code names for prominent members of the Adams family, and the symbols that are employed throughout The Adams Papers, in all its series and parts, for various kinds of manuscript sources. The final three sections (4–6) list, respectively, the symbols for institutions holding original materials, the various abbreviations and conventional terms, and the short titles of books and other works that occur in volume 15 of the Papers of John Adams.


The following devices will be used throughout The Adams Papers to clarify the presentation of the text.

[. . .] One word missing or illegible.
[. . . .] Two words missing or illegible.
[. . . .]1 More than two words missing or illegible; subjoined footnote estimates amount of missing matter.
[ ] Number or part of a number missing or illegible. Amount of blank space inside brackets approximates the number of missing or illegible digits.
[roman] Conjectural reading for missing or illegible matter. A question mark is inserted before the closing bracket if the conjectural reading is seriously doubtful.
roman Canceled matter.
[italic] Editorial insertion.
{roman} Text editorially decoded or deciphered.


First Generation

John Adams (1735–1826) Abigail Adams (1744–1818), m. JA 1764

Second Generation

Abigail Adams (1765–1813), daughter of JA and AA, m. WSS 1786 William Stephens Smith (1755–1816), brother of SSA John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), son of JA and AA Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775–1852), m. JQA 1797 xxxvi Charles Adams (1770–1800), son of JA and AA Sarah Smith (1769–1828), sister of WSS, m. CA 1795 Thomas Boylston Adams (1772–1832), son of JA and AA Ann Harrod (1774–1845), m. TBA 1805

Third Generation

George Washington Adams (1801–1829), son of JQA and LCA John Adams (1803–1834), son of JQA and LCA Mary Catherine Hellen (1806–1870), m. JA2 1828 Charles Francis Adams (1807–1886), son of JQA and LCA Abigail Brown Brooks (1808–1889), m. CFA 1829 Elizabeth Coombs Adams (1808–1903), daughter of TBA and AHA

Fourth Generation

Louisa Catherine Adams (1831–1870), daughter of CFA and ABA, m. Charles Kuhn 1854 John Quincy Adams (1833–1894), son of CFA and ABA Charles Francis Adams (1835–1915), son of CFA and ABA Henry Adams (1838–1918), son of CFA and ABA Marian Hooper (1842–1885), m. HA 1872 Mary Adams (1845–1928), daughter of CFA and ABA, m. Henry Parker Quincy 1877 Brooks Adams (1848–1927), son of CFA and ABA

Fifth Generation

Charles Francis Adams (1866–1954), son of JQA 2 Henry Adams (1875–1951), son of CFA 2 John Adams (1875–1964), son of CFA 2


The following symbols are employed throughout The Adams Papers to describe or identify the various kinds of manuscript originals.

Diary (Used only to designate a diary written by a member of the Adams family and always in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: D/JA/23, i.e., the twenty-third fascicle or volume of John Adams’ manuscript Diary.) draft duplicate file copy (A copy of a letter retained by a correspondent other than an Adams, no matter the form of the retained copy; a copy of a letter retained by an Adams other than a Letterbook or letterpress copy.) a letterpress copy retained by an Adams as the file copy intended recipient’s copy (Generally the original version but received after a duplicate, triplicate, or other version of a letter.) Letterbook (Used only to designate an Adams Letterbook and xxxviialways in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: Lb/JQA/29, i.e., the twenty-ninth volume of John Quincy Adams’ Letterbooks.) Letterbook copy (Used only to designate an Adams Letterbook copy. Letterbook copies are normally unsigned, but any such copy is assumed to be in the hand of the person responsible for the text unless it is otherwise described.) Letterbook copy-transcript (A transcript of an official letter or document copied into a volume of transcripts created for JA by Benjamin Franklin’s secretary Jean L’Air de Lamotte, APM Reel 103.) Miscellany (Used only to designate materials in the section of the Adams Papers known as the “Miscellanies” and always in combination with the short form of the writer’s name and a serial number, as follows: M/CFA/31, i.e., the thirty-first volume of the Charles Francis Adams Miscellanies—a ledger volume mainly containing transcripts made by CFA in 1833 of selections from the family papers.) manuscript, manuscripts recipient’s copy (A recipient’s copy is assumed to be in the hand of the signer unless it is otherwise described.) transcript (A copy, handwritten or typewritten, made substantially later than the original or later than other copies—such as duplicates, file copies, or Letterbook copies—that were made contemporaneously.) triplicate


Connecticut State Library Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University Library of Congress National Archives and Records Administration Chicago Historical Society Newberry Library Northwestern University Boston Public Library Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard University Massachusetts Historical Society Peabody Essex Museum William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan Morristown National Historical Park Princeton University New-York Historical Society New York Public Library Columbia University Museum of the City of New York Historical Society of Pennsylvania American Philosophical Society Library Company of Philadelphia xxxviii South Carolina Historical Society South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina


Manuscripts and other materials, 1639–1889, in the Adams Manuscript Trust collection given to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1956 and enlarged by a few additions of family papers since then. Citations in the present edition are simply by date of the original document if the original is in the main chronological series of the Papers and therefore readily found in the microfilm edition of the Adams Papers (see below). The present edition in letterpress, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. References to earlier volumes of any given unit take this form: vol. 2:146. Since there is no overall volume numbering for the edition, references from one series, or unit of a series, to another are by writer, title, volume, and page, for example, JA, D&A , 4:205. Other materials in the Adams Papers editorial office, Massachusetts Historical Society. These include photocopied documents (normally cited by the location of the originals), photographs, correspondence, and bibliographical and other aids compiled and accumulated by the editorial staff. Formerly, Adams Papers, Microfilms. The corpus of the Adams Papers, 1639–1889, as published on microfilm by the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1954–1959, in 608 reels. Cited in the present work, when necessary, by reel number. Available in research libraries throughout the United States and in a few libraries in Canada, Europe, and New Zealand. Archives du Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, Paris, Correspondance Politique, États-Unis. Arkhiv vneshnei politiki Rossii, Moscow. Nationaal Archief, The Hague. For details on the Dumas Papers microfilm edition, see JA, D&A , 3:9–10. Papers of the Continental Congress. Originals in the National Archives: Record Group 360. Microfilm edition in 204 reels. Usually cited in the present work from the microfilms, but according to the original series and volume numbering devised in the State Department in the early xxxixnineteenth century; for example, PCC, No. 93, III, i.e., the third volume of series 93. Miscellaneous Papers of the Continental Congress. Originals in the National Archives: Record Group 360. Microfilm edition in 9 reels. Cited in the present work from the microfilms by reel and folio number. National Archives of the United Kingdom, London. Formerly Public Record Office.


Thomas R. Adams, The American Controversy: A Bibliographical Study of the British Pamphlets about the American Disputes, 1764–1783, Providence and New York, 1980; 2 vols. Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963–. American Philosophical Society, Memoirs, Proceedings, and Transactions. John A. Garraty, Mark C. Carnes, and Paul Betz, eds., American National Biography, New York, 1999–2002; 24 vols. plus supplement. Samuel Flagg Bemis, The Diplomacy of the American Revolution: The Foundations of American Diplomacy, 1775–1823, New York and London, 1935. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–1989, Washington, 1989. City of Boston, Record Commissioners, Reports, Boston, 1876–1909; 39 vols. Letters of Members of the Continental Congress, ed. Edmund C. Burnett, Washington, 1921–1936; 8 vols. I. Minis Hays, ed., Calendar of the Papers of Benjamin Franklin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1908; 5 vols. The Cambridge Modern History, Cambridge, Eng., 1902–1911; repr. New York, 1969; 13 vols. John Cannon, The Fox-North Coalition: Crisis of the Constitution, 1782–4, London, 1969. xl Catalogue of the John Adams Library in the Public Library of the City of Boston, Boston, 1917. Henry Adams and Worthington Chauncey Ford, A Catalogue of the Books of John Quincy Adams Deposited in the Boston Athenæum with Notes on Books, Adams Seals and Book-Plates, Boston, 1938. William P. Cresson, Francis Dana: A Puritan Diplomat at the Court of Catherine the Great, New York, 1930. Allen Johnson, Dumas Malone, and others, eds., Dictionary of American Biography, New York, 1928–1936; repr. New York, 1955–1980; 10 vols. plus index and supplements. Franklin Bowditch Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College with Annals of the College History, New York and New Haven, 1885–1912; 6 vols. U.S. Navy Department, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History Division, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Washington, 1959–1981; 8 vols. The Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States of America, from . . . 1783, to . . . 1789, [ed. William A. Weaver], repr., Washington, 1837 [actually 1855]; 3 vols. Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee, eds., The Dictionary of National Biography, New York and London, 1885–1901; repr. Oxford, 1959–1960; 21 vols. plus supplements. Jonathan R. Dull, The French Navy and American Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774–1787, Princeton, 1975. Friedrich Edler, The Dutch Republic and the American Revolution, Baltimore, 1911. Charles Evans and others, American Bibliography: A Chronological Dictionary of All Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Publications Printed in the United States of America [1639–1800], Chicago and Worcester, 1903–1959; 14 vols. E. James Ferguson, The Power of the Purse: A History of American Public Finance, 1776–1790, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1961. The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Leonard W. Labaree, William B. Willcox, Claude A. Lopez, Barbara B. Oberg, Ellen R. Cohn, and others, New Haven, 1959–. The Writings of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Albert Henry Smyth, New York and London, 1905–1907; 10 vols. xli Lawrence Henry Gipson, The British Empire before the American Revolution, Caldwell, Idaho, and New York, 1936–1970; 15 vols. Jane Turner, ed., The Dictionary of Art, New York, 1996; 34 vols. Vincent T. Harlow, The Founding of the Second British Empire, 1763–1793, London and New York, 1954–1964; 2 vols. Francis B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army during the War of the Revolution, rev. edn., Washington, 1914. Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, ed. L. H. Butterfield and others, Cambridge, 1961; 4 vols. John Adams, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America, London, 1787–1788; repr. New York, 1971; 3 vols. Papers of John Adams, ed. Robert J. Taylor, Gregg L. Lint, and others, Cambridge, 1977–. The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States: with a Life of the Author, ed. Charles Francis Adams, Boston, 1850–1856; 10 vols. John Jay: Unpublished Papers, ed. Richard B. Morris, New York, 1975–1980; 2 vols. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789, ed. Worthington Chauncey Ford, Gaillard Hunt, John C. Fitzpatrick, Roscoe R. Hill, and others, Washington, 1904–1937; 34 vols. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Julian P. Boyd, Charles T. Cullen, John Catanzariti, Barbara B. Oberg, and others, Princeton, 1950– . Diary of John Quincy Adams, ed. David Grayson Allen, Robert J. Taylor, and others, Cambridge, 1981– . Lafayette in the Age of the American Revolution: Selected Letters and Papers, 1776–1790, ed. Stanley J. Idzerda and others, Ithaca, N.Y., 1977–1983; 5 vols. The Papers of Henry Laurens, ed. Philip M. Hamer, George C. Rogers Jr., David R. Chesnutt, C. James Taylor, and others, Columbia, S.C., 1968–2003; 16 vols. Henry B. Wheatley, London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions, London, 1891; 3 vols. xlii Piers Mackesy, The War for America, 1775–1783, Cambridge, 1965. The Papers of James Madison: Congressional Series, ed. William T. Hutchinson, William M. E. Rachal, and Robert Allen Rutland, Chicago, 1962–1991; 17 vols. Acts and Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [1780–1805], Boston, 1890–1898; 13 vols. The Acts and Resolves, Public and Private, of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, Boston, 1869–1922; 21 vols. Philip Mazzei: Selected Writings and Correspondence, ed. Margherita Marchione and others, Prato, Italy, 1983; 3 vols. Massachusetts Historical Society, Collections and Proceedings. Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, ed. Hunter Miller, Washington, 1931–1948; 8 vols. Samuel Eliot Morison, John Paul Jones: A Sailor’s Biography, Boston, 1959. The Papers of Robert Morris, 1781–1784, ed. E. James Ferguson, John Catanzariti, Elizabeth M. Nuxoll, Mary A. Gallagher, and others, Pittsburgh, 1973–1999; 9 vols. Richard B. Morris, The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence, New York, 1965. Orville T. Murphy, Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes: French Diplomacy in the Age of Revolution, 1719–1787, Albany, 1982. New England Historical and Genealogical Register. P. C. Molhuysen and others, eds., Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek, Leyden, 1911–1937; 10 vols. The Oxford English Dictionary, 2d edn., Oxford, 1989; 20 vols. Andrew Oliver, Portraits of John and Abigail Adams, Cambridge, 1967. The Parliamentary History of England, from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, London, 1806–1820; 36 vols. xliii Ludwig Bittner and others, eds., Repertorium der diplomatischen Vertreter aller Länder seit dem Westfälischen Frieden (1648), Oldenburg, 1936–1965; 3 vols. Lorenzo Sabine, Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution, rev. edn. by Gregory Palmer, Westport, Conn., 1984. Simon Schama, Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution, New York, 1989. Simon Schama, Patriots and Liberators: Revolution in the Netherlands 1780–1813, New York, 1977. The Armed Neutralities of 1780 and 1800: A Collection of Official Documents Preceded by the Views of Representative Publicists, ed. James Brown Scott, New York, 1918. John Langdon Sibley, Clifford K. Shipton, Conrad Edick Wright, Edward W. Hanson, and others, Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Cambridge and Boston, 1873–. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774–1789, ed. Paul H. Smith and others, Washington, 1976–2000; 26 vols. The United States and Russia: The Beginning of Relations, 1765–1815, ed. Nina N. Bashkina and others, Washington, 1980. Warren-Adams Letters: Being Chiefly a Correspondence among John Adams, Samuel Adams, and James Warren (Massachusetts Historical Society, Collections, vols. 72–73), Boston, 1917–1925; 2 vols. The Papers of George Washington: Confederation Series, ed. W. W. Abbot and others, Charlottesville, 1992–1997; 6 vols. The Papers of George Washington: Presidential Series, ed. Dorothy Twohig, Mark A. Mastromarino, Jack D. Warren, Robert F. Haggard, Christine S. Patrick, John C. Pinheiro, and others, Charlottesville, 1987– . The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745–1799, ed. John C. Fitzpatrick, Washington, 1931–1944; 39 vols. Ralph E. Weber, United States Diplomatic Codes and Ciphers, 1775–1938, Chicago, 1979. The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States, ed. Francis Wharton, Washington, 1889; 6 vols.