Papers of John Adams, volume 16

From John Jay

To Samuel Adams

Benjamin Franklin and John Jay to John Adams, 29 April 1784 Franklin, Benjamin Jay, John Adams, John
From Benjamin Franklin and John Jay
Sir, Passy April 29th: 1784

We received the Letter you did us the honour of writing to us the 10th. Inst, with the project of a Treaty that had been transmitted to you by the Baron de Thulemeier, which we have examined, & return herewith, having made a few small Additions or Changes of Words to be proposed, such as Citoyens for Sujets and the like, and intimated some Explanations as wanted in particular Paragraphs.1 The sooner a Copy, with such of these Changes as shall be agreed to by your Excellency and the Prussian Minister, is forwarded to Congress for their Approbation, the better. With regard to the Language of Treaties, we are of Opinion that if the Ministers of the Nation we treat with insist on having the Treaty in their own Language we should then insist on having it also in ours, both to be sign’d at the same time; this was done in our Treaties with France; but if both Parties agree to use a Language that is particular to neither but common to both, as the Latin, or the French, as was done in our Treaty with Sweden, we then think it not necessary to have it also signed in English.2

With great Respect, we are, / Sir, / Your most Obedient and / most humble Servants

B Franklin John Jay

RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “His Excellency John Adams Esqr”; docketed by JA: “Dr Franklin / Mr Jay / 1784”; and by CFA: “April 29th.


For the changes to the draft Prussian-American treaty suggested by JA, Franklin, and Jay, see the Proposed Prussian-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce, [9 April — post 5 May], No. II, above.


Franklin and Jay are addressing JA’s 180 comment at the end of his 10 April letter, above, regarding the languages in which the treaty should appear, but since the treaty proposed by the Baron von Thulemeier was never concluded it was an issue of no consequence.