Papers of John Adams, volume 16

From Samuel Adams

To the Marquis de Castries

William Knox to John Adams, 7 December 1784 Knox, William Adams, John
From William Knox
Sir London 7. December 1784

Your politeness and Kind attention to me in Europe, together with the unequivocal regard I have for your character, induces me to make you a tender of my best services in the conveying any Commands or Letters you may wish to send to Boston for which place I have taken my Passage, and it is expected the Ship will sail in a fortnight or three Weeks, she is from Boston, and owned by Mr. James Swan, and Mr. John Merchant, and Commanded by Capt. Young father in Law to Mr. W. Tudor. Very ill Health has prevented my revising my Native Country at an earlier period & indeed for many Months deprived me of the pleasures of Society. I am happy to have so far recovered, as to undertake without reluctance a Winters voyage in order to join my good Brother and to me his enteresting Family, he and they are very well and live in Mrs: Jones’s House at Dorchester about five Miles from Boston.1

Your Kindness in communicating to me both at the Hague and in London information which you supposed might tend to enlarge my Ideas of Europian Politics, and wch. might one day or other by communications from me be of service to our dear Country, emboldens me, as I am on the point of returning, to beg information on some of the important subjects of Europe, as on my return interrogations will come from my various connections and Friends to whom I wish to convey valuable and well authenticated intelligence, these enquiries will not be few probably in Number, as it is my intention some time after my arrival to travel by Land from Boston to Charles-Town, from the same motives wch. have induced me to stay so long and to have made so many excursions thro’ the differentt parts of Europe. To make myself acquainted with the Mercantile interests of those Countries, wch. I have thought proper enough being myself a Man of Bassiness.2 I wish to confine my enquiries of your Opinion so far as can with propriety be communicated, to the more immediate State of the Emperor with the Dutch, Will the French or the King of Prussia assist the Dutch? if they will not who 443 will?— Whether you think the emperor has right as well as strength in his demands or is the right that might gives?— Whether you think there is a positive Combination among the great Catholic Powers of Europe to crush England and the Lesser Protestant ones? (this is an Idea of some very sensible people)— What is your Opinion of The present State of Ireland—and lastly whether the State of our Dear Country is as you wish it, on what amendments or improvements and in what particulars it stands most in need off?

I hear Sir Mrs. Adams is with you if So, pray make my very respectful Regards to her, and make my joint offers to her of service in taking her Commands. I am charmed with the Character of Mr. Jefferson who you have at Paris, had I ever seen him I should beg my Comps to him, such Characters give a Colour to the reputation of America, wch. the depraved state of Europe does not admit off. I pray God my dear Sir & I am sure you will not except to the ejaculation that Our Public Countrymen, may never adopt the wretched policy of intrigue and Mystery which pervades at present with scarcely an exception all the Courts of Europe, but prefer what I sincerely think is our national Character, (however great and numerous the deviations may be) plain Honesty, at the same time possessing such information, and Discerment as like the great Stairs formerly from the British Court as Minister to the Court of Verseilles, to be so superior to that unmanly system as to able even to counteract it in the most perfect manner.3 I hope you will excuse the trouble I mean to put you to, when you may easily see, and be assured of the propriety of my intentions on this subject. any other information you may think proper to communicate I shall gladly receive in the interim

I have the Honor to be with senti/ments of Respect, the most sincere / Sir, Your Mt. Obliged & Obt Servt

Wm. Knox

RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “His Excellency Mr. Adams—”; endorsed: “Mr W. Knox. / 7. Dec. Ansd. 15 / 1784”; notation: “To the Care of Lewis Teissier Esquire / No 22. Old Broad Street / London—”


William Knox, younger brother of Maj. Gen. Henry Knox, had been in Europe since 1781 to promote business and recover his health. He was returning to America aboard the Hero, Capt. John Young. Knox refers to William Tudor, JA’s former law clerk, who had married Delia Jarvis, daughter of Elias and Deliverance Atkins Jarvis, in 1778. Young became Tudor’s father-in-law by virtue of marrying Delia’s mother after her father’s early death (vol. 12:32; Sibley’s Harvard Graduates , 17:253, 254, 259; Deacon Tudor’s Diary, ed. William Tudor, Boston, 1896, p. 110). For JA’s acceptance of Knox’s offer to carry letters to America, see JA’s 15 Dec. 1784 letters to Knox and Cotton Tufts, both below.


This sentence was written in the left margin and marked for insertion at this point.

444 3.

From 1715 to 1720 John Dalrymple, 2d Earl of Stair (1673–1747), served at the French court as British minister plenipotentiary and then ambassador. Known for his extravagant expenditures and lifestyle, Stair’s most important and successful endeavor during his tenure was to keep the government in London informed of the activities of the pretender to the British throne, James Stuart, and then, after Stuart’s expulsion from France, those of his adherents ( DNB ).