Papers of John Adams, volume 17

To C. W. F. Dumas

To Thomas Jefferson

To Thomas Jefferson, 22 May 1785 Adams, John Jefferson, Thomas
To Thomas Jefferson
My dear Sir Montreuil Sur mer May 22. 1785

We left Auteuil the 20th. afternoon and have made easy Journeys. indeed We could not have done otherwise, because the Posthorses were engaged, by the unusual Number of Travellers, in Such Numbers that We have been Sometimes obliged to wait. The Country is an heap of Ashes. Grass is Scarcely to be Seen and all Sorts of Grain is Short, thin, pale and feeble while the Flax is quite dead. You See indeed more green Things than in some of our Sharp Drouths in America, but as the Heat of this Clymate is not Sufficient to destroy vegetation so effectually as with Us, it is not enough neither to produce so rapid a Revivication of the Universe, upon the Return of Rains, So that their Prospects are more melancholly than ours upon Such Occasions. I pity this People from my Soul. There is at this Moment as little appearace of a Change of Weather as ever.

Tomorrow We shall reach Calais, but I cannot calculate how long 117it will take Us to cross the Channel. I allow two days from Dover to London as I am determined to be in a hurry about nothing from the Beginning to the End of this Adventure. it is best to give myself as well as others time to think.

The Ladies join in respects to you and Mr Humphreys and Mr Williamos,1 the Marquis & his Lady & all other Friends.— Be so good as to inform me, if you learn any Thing of the Sailing of the Packet, and of the Health of my Boy.

I thank you kindly for your Book. it is our Meditation all the Day long.— I cannot now Say much about it. but I think it will do its Author and his Country great Honour. The Passages upon Slavery, are worth Diamonds. They will have more effect than Volumes written by mere Philosophers. The Ladies Say you should have mentioned West and Copeley at least among your American Genius’s, because they think them the greatest Painters of the Age. Madam [. . .] I have not expressd her Sentiment politely enough. it should run thus The Ladies desire that in the next Edition you would insert West and Copeley &c.2

The melancholly Face of Nature, added to the dull political Prospect before Us, on the other Side of the Channell, coming upon the Back of our natural Regretts at parting with our son and our fine Summer Situation at Auteuil, and all our Friends in and about Paris, make the Journey rather triste, but We have passed through Scænes bien plus triste encore.


J. Adams

RC (NNPM); addressed: “A Son Excellence / Monsieur Jefferson / Ministre Plenipotentiaire des / Etats Unis De L’Amerique, a la Cour / de France, / Cul-de-Sac Tetebout / Paris”; internal address: “Mr Jefferson”; docketed: “Adams John.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.


Charles Williamos, Swiss-born friend of Jefferson, was an intimate in the Adams-Jefferson circle of 1784–1785. Jefferson would sever relations with Williamos in July over suspicions that he was a British agent (JQA, Diary , 1:232–233).


This is Jefferson’s Notes on the State of Virginia, [Paris, 1785], first published privately in early May (Jefferson, Papers , 8:147). The “Ladies” are probably referring to Jefferson’s assertion that, because of its youth, America had thus far produced only three geniuses: George Washington in war, Benjamin Franklin in physics, and David Rittenhouse in astronomy (p. 190–191).