Papers of John Adams, volume 3

To Mercy Otis Warren

From Benjamin Hichborn

From Samuel Chase, 25 November 1775 Chase, Samuel JA


From Samuel Chase, 25 November 1775 Chase, Samuel Adams, John
From Samuel Chase
Pheasant Hall. Fred. Coty. Maryland Nov. 25. 1775. Saturday Dear Sir

I did Myself the Pleasure to write to You from Baltimore Town,1 relative to two Vessells, which could be procured there, and that I was informed and beleived the Brigg was reasonable. The Owner is waiting your Answer, I therefore beg You to send the Determination of the Committee to Mr. Robert Alexander of that Town.2


I this Evening learn the Capture of Quebec. Montreal would gloriously close the first Years War.3

I am alarmed at the Instructions to the Deputies of Pennsylvania. I heartily condemn them. I think them ill timed, timorous and weak, they were not drawn by Men fit to conquer the world and rule her when she's wildest. How are they received by the Members of Congress? They suit the Palates of the persons instructed, and were probably drawn by themselves.4 But I may censure too rashly. I am young and violent.

I return to Annapolis on tomorrow Week, and shall always be glad to hear from You.

I beg a Tender of my most respectful Compliments to your Brethren. Your Affectionate and Obedient Servant Saml. Chase

Connolly is seised. I examined him. The proceedings are sent to Colo. Hancock.5

RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To John Adams Esquire Philadelphia”; endorsed: “Mr Chase Nov 20 1775” an obvious misreading.


16 Nov. (above).


None found.


It was Montreal that had fallen, not Quebec.


The instructions for the nine-man Pennsylvania delegation, which included John Dickinson and Benjamin Franklin, were drawn up by a committee headed by Dickinson and adopted by the Assembly on 9 Nov. The delegates were ordered to exert themselves to the utmost to secure a redress of grievances in order to restore “Union and Harmony” between the colonies and Great Britain. The most controversial provision instructed the delegates to “dissent from, and utterly reject, any Propositions, should such be made, that may cause, or lead to, a Separation from our Mother Country, or a Change of the Form of this Government” ( Penna. Archives , 8th ser., 8:7347, 7350, 7352–7353).


Dr. John Connolly (ca. 1743–1813), an acquaintance of Washington, was captured with two others on his way to recruit a regiment, the Loyal Foresters, in the western lands and Canada under a commission from Lord Dunmore. Connolly's examination took place on 23 Nov. before the Fredericktown Committee of Safety, and its results, together with seized documents, were immediately sent to the congress. On 8 Dec. Connolly was ordered brought to Philadelphia for imprisonment. On 22 Dec. the results of the examination and the captured documents were printed. They appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette of 27 Dec. Connolly apparently remained in prison for the duration of the war ( DAB ; Clarence Monroe Barton, “John Connolly,” AAS, Procs. , 20 [1909–1910]:70–105; Force, Archives , 4th ser., 3:1660–1662; JCC , 3:394, 415, 445; PCC, No. 78, XI).