Papers of John Adams, volume 13

IV. Proposed Article in Place of Articles 22 and 23, 22 August 1782 JA Netherlands, States General of


IV. Proposed Article in Place of Articles 22 and 23, 22 August 1782 Adams, John Netherlands, States General of
IV. Proposed Article in Place of Articles 22 and 23
ante 22 August 1782 1
A Substitute for Articles 22 and 23.

It is agreed between the two contracting Parties that no Clause, Article, matter or Thing, herein contained Shall be taken or understood, contrary or derogatory to the Ninth, Tenth, Seventeenth and twenty Second Articles of the Treaty of Commerce between the United States and the Crown of France, or to prevent the Said United States from Admitting his Catholick Majesty the King of Spain to acceed to the said Treaty in whole or in Part and enjoy the full Benefit of the Said Ninth Tenth, seventeenth and twenty Second Articles.

MS (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Substitute in French.” The English text in JA’s hand is preceded by a French translation by C. W. F. Dumas. Filmed at 22–29 Aug., Adams Papers, Microfilms, Reel No. 357.


The absence of any Dutch text accompanying this proposal suggests that JA drafted it, but there is no solid evidence of when he might have done so. One possibility is that he acted after reading Adriaan Van Zeebergh’s 25 July observations on Arts. 22 and 23 (above), but before he learned of the new article proposed by Amsterdam on 9 Aug. (No. II, at note 41, above). Since Amsterdam’s suggestion, which was included in the Dutch proposals for changes presented to JA on 22 Aug., is closer to the text of the article in the final treaty (No. VIII, below) than is JA’s “Substitute,” it would seem to follow that JA drafted it before seeing Amsterdam’s proposal.