. Temple, born in Boston, but raised in England, was appointed surveyor general in Dec.
1760, but did not arrive in Boston until Nov. 1761. Treasury Warrant, 1 Dec. 1760,
, Treas. 11:26, p. 5 (a reference furnished the editors by Thomas C. Barrow). See
1 Bowdoin-Temple Papers
xv–xvii; Quincy, Reports (Appendix)
428 note; Temple to Commissioners, Jan. 1762, Temple Letter Book, 1762–1768, fols.
; Temple's Memorial, undated, id.
at fol. 187. His early zeal is commended in Thomas Whately to Temple, 18 June 1764,
at fols. 19–21. For the Cockle-Bernard affair, see Barrow, Colonial Customs
406–408; Ubbelohde, Vice Admiralty Courts
58–60; Whately to Temple, 5 Nov. 1764, 1 Bowdoin-Temple Papers
36–39; Joseph Harrison to Temple, 12 June 1765, id.
at 57–58; Commissioners to Temple, 9 March 1765, 1 Bowdoin-Temple MSS
, fol. 60, MHi
. The feud with Bernard and opposition to the customs service seem to have begun with
Temple's sympathy toward Benjamin Barons, dismissed as Collector in 1761. See note
below; Barrow, Colonial Customs
358–359; No. 44, note 21
. For Temple's adverse reactions to the American Act, 4 Geo. 3, c. 15 (1764), and
the Stamp Act, 5 Geo. 3, c. 12 (1765), see Temple to Whately, 10 Sept. 1764, 1 Bowdoin-Temple Papers
24–28. Temple and Bernard also could not agree on procedures for clearing vessels
without stamps. See Edmund S. and Helen M. Morgan, The Stamp Act Crisis: Prologue to Revolution
134–139 (Chapel Hill, 1953).