When Temple's predecessor, Thomas Lechmere, suspended Benjamin Barons in 1759 (prior
to his dismissal in 1761, note 644
above), he appointed George Cradock temporary collector, relying on the powers given
him by the Commissioners of Customs “for managing and causing to be levied and collected
His Majesty's customs,” and “to appoint officers that may be for the service of His
Majesty's Revenue.” See Cradock's commission, 13 Dec. 1759, SF
172363. Lechmere used this formula in other appointments. See Book of Commissions,
1756–1767, fols. 80–81, 203, M-Ar
. Temple contented himself with reciting “the Powers and Authority to me given.” See
Folger's commission, note 745
above, and examples cited, note 6
above. Accompanying the American Commissioners' reply to the Treasury on Folger's
memorial in 1769 (note 30
above), were extracts from letters of the English Commissioners in 1740 and 1765
in which they had questioned not the Surveyor General's authority to appoint deputy
collectors, but the wisdom and propriety of his doing so without consulting them.
, Treas. 1:471, fols. 192–193; Wolkins, “Boston Customs District,” 58 MHS, Procs.
432–433. This material does not seem to have been put in evidence, perhaps because
it dealt with the office of collector, rather than that of preventive officer.