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Browsing: Adams Family Correspondence, Volume 8

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0195

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1789-05-30

Abigail Adams to John Quincy Adams

[salute] my dear son

I have sent you the Cloth the coat & Boots. the Glass I have not yet been able to find. inclosed is an other article the amount of what I engaged to you. The Horse I had engaged to keep for a Gentleman till Monday next, so that I could not without forfeiting my word let him go till twesday provided I should not sell him to him. I am sorry, for if I should not part with him then: I should not make { 363 } any further trial and should be glad to get him to you as soon as possible— when I got home on twesday Evening, I received a Letter from your Father in which he says after many deliberations he has concluded that I shall not come on, untill the House pass some resolution respecting him. this I think the most prudent desicion, for to be there with a thousand wants & demands & no resources is much worse than being here at any rate. it has given me a little farther respit. I must request you in my absence to attend to your Brother Tom, to watch over his conduct & prevent by your advice & kind admonitions, his falling a prey to vicious Company. at present he seems desirious of persueing his studies preserving a character and avoiding dissipation, but no youth is secure whilst temptations surround him, and no age of Life but is influenced by habits & example, even when they think their Characters formed. I have many anxious hours for Charles, and not the fewer, for the new scene of life into which he is going, tho I think it will be of great service to have him with his Father, & more to take him intirely away from his acquaintance. I have written to him upon some late reports which have been circulated concerning him.1 I hope they are without foundation, but such is the company in which he is seen that he cannot fail to bear a part of the reproach even if he is innocent. if you should be able to send again, next week let me know one day before hand, & the Name of the person by whom you send, for if I had sent the Horse to Brackets I should not have known whom to have inquired for— I have not heard from your uncle since we left him, I hope he is better—
The Bundle I shall send this day to mr Smiths— pray write me and let me know how you do from time to Time. Yours most affectionatly
[signed] A Adams
PS I received a line from W C. that the Gentleman by whom you sent for the Horse was gone to Pownalborough2 it was well I did not send him to Town. I do not know how you will get him unless you come to Boston for him in the course of the week. Brislers Note is inclosed3
1. Not found.
2. Not found.
3. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0196

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-05-30

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

Your old Acquaintance Mr Harrison of Cadiz will deliver you this, if you should not, as I hope you will, be Sett off for this place before he can reach Braintree.—
I expect you, here indeed in a Week or ten days at farthest, from this date. Mrs Washington is arrived. My House and Garden want us very much. We Shall be obliged to bring all our Furniture and most of our Books, except the Law books and the great Collections, such as the Byzantine History, Muratory, the Encyclopædia &c1 But I hope you will come on, and send Beds and necessaries as soon as possible. Barnard has delivered here, some Trunks & Cases but no Keys nor Letter informing what is in them.— We must make this place our home, and think no more of Braintree, for four years, not forgetting however our Friends there. and what is the most disagreable of all: We must live, as I apprehend, in a Style much below our Rank and station.— I Said four Years, upon the supposition that the Government should support itself so long: but it must be supported by Providence if at all, against the usual Course of Things, if the human Means of supporting it, should not be soon better understood. You and I can live however as plainly as any of them,
yours most tenderly
[signed] J. A.
RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mrs Adams.”
1. Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 6 vols., London, 1777–1788; Lodovico Antonio Muratori, Annali d'Italia dal principio dell' era volgare, sino all' anno 1750, 12 vols. in 6, Naples, 1773; and Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert, eds., Encyclopédie, 3d edn., 38 vols., Geneva, 1778, are all in JA's library at MB (Catalogue of JA's Library).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0197

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-05-31

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I received yesterday your Letter of May the 24th and shall begin tomorrow to get such things in readiness as will enable us to keep House. I feel a reluctance at striping this wholy at present, because I am well persuaded that we shall in some future period if our lives are prolonged return to it, and even supposing a summer recess, we might wish to come & spend a few months here. an other reason is, that I do not wish to bring all our own furniture, because congress { 365 } are not, or do not possess sufficient stability to be sure of continuing long in any one state,— I am fully satisfied with the House you have taken & glad that it is a little removed from the city. the advantages will overbalance the inconvenience I doubt not. I suppose Barnard has arrived before this. would it not be best to let him know that he will have a full freight ready, returns as soon as he will, and that I must look out for some other vessel if he delay's, tho I have not the least prospect of getting one, for mr Tufts's is yet at Newyork Barnard's is calculated for the Buisness, & I could get a small vessel to come here to mr Blacks & take in my things & carry them along side of Barnard, which will be less expence, & damage than carting them to Boston. in the mean time I will get the Dr to look out, & see if any other vessel can be hired for the purpose provided Barnard should delay at Newyork. this you can advise me of by the next post. with the greatest expedition I do not think I can get them ready under a week— I must leave Brisler to come by water with them, if you think it best for me to come before my furniture is ship'd, but I do not see what advantage I can be of, to you situated as you are. an additional incunberence to mr Jays family would be still more indelicet than imposing the vice Pressident upon him for several months, and rendering his situation so delicate that he could neither leave him with decency, or stay with decorum, and to be at Jamaica I could do no more than if I was at Braintree to assist in any thing the Trunks which I sent contain Bed & table Linnen some Cloths & the cases contain carpets. I will however be directed wholy by your wishes & come next week if you think it best, and you have any place to put me. you must be sensible from the tenor of Your Letters that I have not known hitherto what to do, any more than you have from your situation, What to direct. you will be as patient as possible & rest assured that I will do my utmost with the means I have, to expidite every thing. as to insurence there will be no occasion for it by Barnard who is so well acquainted with the coast, & at this season of the Year
The Pressident & Lady dinned with me yesterday.1 he has got permission for Charles's absence— Polly Tailor would cry a week if I did not bring her, for a House maid I know not where I could get her equal. Elijahs mother thinks it is too far for her son to go, but if they consent mr Brisler can take him on Board Barnard when he comes, but I shall not press it. Poor daniel has been sick with a soar which gatherd in his Throat & which nearly proved fatal to him. he { 366 } expected from you some gratuity for himself, oweing to the multiplicity of cares which on all sides surrounded you, at that time, it was omitted. as it was Customary & daniels expectations were dissapointed, he mentiond it to one or two persons, amongst whom woodard was one, who having just returnd from Newyork, clapt his hands into his pocket & taking out two crowns, gave them to him, telling him that you was so much engaged at the time, that it had slipt your mind but that he saw you at Newyork & that he had brought them for him. this came to my knowledge by the way of mr Wibird who insisted upon letting me know it. I immediatly repaid mr woodard & thank'd him for his kindness—
your Brother I believe will take care of the place when I leave it. the leave for Breaking up the Hill came too late for this season, the weather is remarkably cold & Backward, the pastures bare & vegetation very slow there is a fine blow upon the place, & if the frost last week which killd Beans, has not injured the Blossom, we shall have a large crop of fruit. I had yesterday a fine plate of fair Russets upon the table, sound as when they were taken from the Trees my Garden looks charmingly, but it wants warmth— I have got some Large asparagrass Beds made, & my little grass plots before the door, pay well for the manure which I had put on in short I regreet leaving it. your Mother is well as usual. her Eyes are very troublesome to her. you will let me hear from you by the next post. I hope to be able to relieve you soon from [all?] domestick, cares & anxieties. at least my best endeavours sh[all] not be wanting. I know you want your own Bed & pillows, your Hot coffe & your full portion of kian where habit has become Natural.2 how many of these little matters, make up a large portion of our happiness & content, and the more of publick cares & perplexities that you are surrounded with, the more necessary these alleviations our blessings are sometimes enhanced to us, by feeling the want of them. as one of that Number it is my highest ambition to be estimated, & shall be my constant endeavour to / prove in all situations & circumstances / affectionatly yours
[signed] A Adams
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To / His Excellency John Adams / vice president of the united States / Newyork.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. That is, Joseph Willard, president of Harvard, and his wife, Mary.
2. Cayenne pepper, which was used medicinally as a stimulant (OED).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0198

Author: Paradise, Lucy Ludwell
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-06-03

Lucy Ludwell Paradise to Abigail Adams

[salute] My Dear Madam—

Since my return to England, I have been told of the great Civilities you were pleased to Shew to My Dear Deceased Child. I return you a thousand thanks for it and I wish it may ever be in my power to shew you what I feel upon the occasion. As it was not the fault of any Person, but the Will of God, I endeavour to receive it with all the resignation I am able— I hope that you, and all your amiable family, enjoy the Blessings of health, happiness, and prosperity, in as high a degree, as I know they Merit. I beg you will have the goodness to present my best Compliments to them.
I have the honour to Congratulate you and your Family upon the appointment of Mr. Adams to be our Vice President to our Newly Established Federal Constitution. God Grant that it may be productive of every good to our Country: and I make not be least doubt of it, since we are happy to have the Wisest and best of Gentlemen to Govern Us. We are a Great Nation and with good Laws to make People Industrious and oblige them to pay their debts; We shall be the First Country in the World. Our Friend Mr. Jefferson talks of returning to America soon, pray My Dear Madam send him back to Paris as soon as you can. He is a Most excellent Man. I am under the Greatest of obligations to him, and My Dear Friend Dr. Bancroft. Indeed, I do not know what I should have done in my afflictions since My return to Europe, had not Providence been graciously pleased to raise up these two excellent Gentlemen to assist Me.
Mr. Trumbulle has just finished a Picture that does him great Credit.1 I always rejoice when our Country Men excels the Europeans. Mr. Freine often talks to me about the Civilities he received from his Excellency Mr. Adams2 he desired Me to present his Compliments to you Mr. Adams and all your amiable family. He is a most excellent good Man, and I wish if his Court sent a Minister to America they would send him, you know him so well, I need to say No more about him. Be pleased to make my best Compliments to his Excellency General and Mrs. Washington to General and Mrs. Knox—and family, to Sr. John and Lady Temple, to Mr and Mrs. Jay, Mr and Mrs Kemble3 Cyrus Griffin, and the Foreign Ministers and their Families, and to My Dear and old Friend Dr Franklin and his { 368 } truly good Daughter and all her family.4 I hope to be honoured by the return of the packet with a Letter from you—
Dear Madam / I have the Honour to be / Your Most Obliged / Humble Servt.
[signed] Lucy Paradise
P. S It is reported the Dauphen of Frençe is Dead5
I am fixed in London until May Next In Margaret Street No. 45 Cavendish Square London
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To / Her Excellency Mrs. John— / Adam New York / North America”; internal address: “Mrs. Adams”; docketed: “Lucy Paradise.”
1. John Trumbull completed the third and largest rendition of his Sortie Made by the Garrison of Gibraltar during the spring of 1789 in London, where it was exhibited in a public hall from April to July (Trumbull, Autobiography, p. 148–150).
2. Ciprião Ribeiro, Chevalier de Freire, the Portuguese chargé d'affaires in London, whom the Adamses had met at the home of the Paradises. He served as Portugal's minister in the United States from 1793 to 1801 (vol. 6:209; Repertorium, 3:321).
3. Peter Kemble (1739–1823), of the New York commercial house of Gouverneur & Kemble, was married to Gertrude Gouverneur, the sister of his partners (New-York Historical Society, Colls., 17:xv [1884]).
4. Franklin's only daughter, Sarah (Sally, 1743–1808), had married Richard Bache (1737–1811) in 1767. Together, they had seven children, including Benjamin Franklin Bache, who had been a schoolmate of JQA's in Passy, France (Notable Amer. Women; vol. 3:15, 5:459).
5. Louis Joseph Xavier François, the French dauphin, died on 4 June 1789 of tuberculosis (Schama, Citizens, p. 356–357).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0199

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-06-06

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

I must now most Seriously request you to come on to me as soon as conveniently you can. never did I want your assistance more than at present, as my Physician and my Nurse. my disorder of Eight years standing has encreased to such a degree as to be very troublesome and not a little alarming.—1
I have agreed to take Col Smith and his Family and Furniture into the House with us and they will be removed into it by next Wednesday.— If Charles has a Mind to stay and deliver his French oration at Commencement, I am willing, and I think it will be greatly for his Reputation and Advantage. in that Case Charles and Tommy may both come to gether to New York after Commencement by the Way of Rhode Island, or by the Stage.
As to Louisa, our Family will be very great, and vastly expensive and House very full. if you think however you can find room and Beds &C I will not say any Thing against your bringing her.
{ 369 }
You must leave the Furniture to be packed by others and sent after you— We must have it all removed and Sent here, as well as all the Liquers in the Cellar, and many of the Books, for here We must live, and I am determined not to be running backward and forward, till the 4 years are out, unless my Health should oblige me to resign my office of which at present there is some danger.
It has been a great dammage that you did not come on with me yours affectionately
[signed] John Adams.2
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs Adams / Braintree / near / Boston”; internal address: “Mrs Adams.”; notation: “Free / John Adams.”
1. For JA's illness dating back to his time in Amsterdam, possibly malaria or typhus, see JA, Papers, 11:469–470, note 1.
2. On 7 June, JA wrote another brief letter to AA (Adams Papers) largely reiterating his comments here and again urging her to come as quickly as possible. He did add that if CA decided to stay for commencement, John Briesler should accompany her to New York.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0200

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-06-07

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I this day received the Federal Gazzet, tho I got no Letter from you, I was in hopes to have heard this week in replie to what I wrote on Sunday last. Since that time mr Smith has been in Treaty for me, with two conneticut sloops one of which demanded 50 pounds freight for 2 thirds of his vessel. the other 40, each of them were about 70 Tuns he then applied to Blagett, Barnards owner1 & has agreed with him for 33 pounds for the whole of the hole of the vessel, and if I do not fill her a deduction to be made it has already taken me a thousand of Boards besides the Boxes which were not broken up, to case what furniture I propose bringing. Brisler has done it all heitherto, I shall be ready for Barnard by the middle of the week, and his owner has engaged that he shall sail as soon as he is ready tho I shall not pretend to bring some of my best furniture What I have put up will be fully adequate to the provision voted, which I think is a thousand dollors less than has been given to Secretaries which have been sent abroad, but perhaps I see only in part.2 I enclose you a mem. of expences to which I am in part knowing.3 many others you must already have incurred, & can fill up the Blanks better than I presume they do not mean that house rent is to be included in this estimate. not one single step do that House take without discovering the greatest jealousy of the Senate who before ever heard of putting the two Houses upon a par?
{ 370 }
I think Sir I have never petitioned for any office, for any Relation of mine. mr Samll Tufts of Newburry port was formerly in an office which he discharged with fidelity to the publick. mr Dalton can inform you whether, it was Naval officer or collector of impost & excise; I am not certain which, but his character as an honest industrous capable man will not be disputed, and perhaps it may not be thought amiss to bring him forward again.4
our season is very dry & thee prospect of a good crop very doubtfull.
you have not once told me how your Health is, our Friends are all well as usual— I shall write you again as soon as I hear from you—Love to mrs Smith & her Boys
believe me / most affectionatly / Yours
[signed] A Adams
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “His Excellency John Adams / Vice President of the United states. / New York—”; docketed: “A A to J A / 1789.”
1. Possibly Samuel Blodget, owner of the Boston Packet (Ship Registers and Enrollments of Boston and Charlestown, Boston, 1942, p. 27; vol. 7:393).
2. At this time, Congress was just beginning to consider compensation for the president, vice president, senators, and representatives. Congress ultimately resolved to give $25,000 per annum for the president and $5,000 per annum for the vice president (U.S. Statutes at Large, 1:72; Massachusetts Centinel, 10 June 1789).
3. Not found.
4. Cotton Tufts apparently also approached JA regarding a job for Samuel Tufts, Cotton's brother, a Newburyport merchant who had previously served as collector of duties and excise for Essex County (Fleet's Pocket Almanack, 1786, p. 22; vol. 7:273). JA replied to Cotton on 28 June indicating that Samuel would need to contact George Washington directly about any positions (NN:Harkness Coll.).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0201

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-06-14

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I last Evening received your Letter of june 7th I will set of on Wednesday for Providence and embark in the first packet for New-york. pray get an oz of glober salts and half oz manna & take immediately, an oz of antimonial wine & take 30 drops three time a day.1 I will be with you however as soon as possible. Barnard got in on fryday. we had two days of voilent and incessant Rain, which tho much wanted, prevented him from unloading his Grain. he has promised me that he will be ready to take my things on Board by wednesday. they are now nearly all ready, and I shall leave Brisler to finish and get them on Board. I and my Neice have gone through the package of every Brittle article, and I think have made them secure I presume there will be more than an hundred packages
{ 371 }
When I think of the expence we have formerly been at in casing & packing these same articles I find it now a very triffel in comparison, tho be sure I have not taken near all my things, and a small part only of the Books, but we have gone through it all with our own hands. we have orderd it thus. we have launchd the Scow, & mean to put all the things into it at different Time's & Barnard is to come up to the mouth of the creek by mr Blacks & take them on Board. I have done the best in my power with every thing here, but that best is not so much to my satisfaction as I could wish.
we will endeavour to do every thing that falls to our share with as much calmness & composure as possible, & where they do not go according to our minds, we will bring our minds to go according to them if possible. let sail over the Rocks & Shoals with as much safety as we can, happy if we split neither upon the one, or founder upon the other. Charles has been at home with me for a week and I think it best as he has taken leave, to bring him on. if he stays <a commencment> some entertainment will be expected, and I shall not be here to attend at all to it. I thank you for your permission to bring Louissa. she will save me very soon the hire of one person. she has been leaning to dress Hair of Mrs Brisler and she will take a great deal of care of, of me buy her needle work, and indeed every kind of attention that she can pay either to you or to me. her temper is perfectly mild, and I think her every Way a good child— adieu my dearest Friend pray take care of your Health. I shall consult dr Tufts & take his advice— my Head and Hands are so full of Buisness that I Scarcly know what I have written— Love to mrs smith & Regards to mr & Mrs Jay— from your ever / affectionate
[signed] A Adams
RC (Adams Papers); addressed by CA: “His Excellency John Adams.— / Vice President of the united States / New York”; endorsed: “Mrs Adams. / June 14. 1789.”
1. Glauber's salt, sulphate of sodium, named for Johann Rudolf Glauber, who first produced it artificially, had purgative qualities. Similarly, manna, the dried gum of various plants, was used as a laxative, and antimonial wine—sherry mixed with antimony—was used as an emetic (OED).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0202

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Tufts, Cotton
Date: 1789-06-17

Abigail Adams to Cotton Tufts

[salute] Sir

Not being able to dispose of my oxen as I expected, & to have taken half the money for them, I do not find myself able to pay French without taking less than 50 Dollors with me, 46 of which it will take for my conveyence to Providence & passage on Board the packet.
{ 372 }
I must therefore request the favour of you sir to pay him for seven months wages at 50 dollers pr year. you will see by the papers that I have settled an account with my Brother & pay'd Spear a Parish Rate I have an account with vezey, it cannot be large as he was pay'd last fall, a small accompt with mr Marsh & something to be setled with deacon Webb. I do not recollect any thing Else. I have left the Horse with my Brother for sale out of which he is to pay 20 dollors to col Thayer for the wood Land. my oxen I wish to have sold as soon as possible, by note if a responsible person can be found who wants them. Thomas spoke to me for a Hat a round one is all he wants. I fear sir that we shall fall in your debt, and wish you would let me have given you a Note for the thirty pounds I had of you I have paid Brisler half a years wages 10.£ 6.sd out of the Thirty & sent my son 20 dollers, Boards Nails and other expences attendant upon getting my furniture on Board, and some small articles of cloathing for Tom & Charles, has taken away all that I sold my stears & wool for. at present I fear we shall not be able to remitt any thing to you, but when I get to House keeping I shall be better able to judge— I cannot but repeat my sincere acknowledgments to you for all your kind and Friendly attentions, and believe me Dear Sir your / ever affectionate
[signed] Abigail Adams
P S I have given French an order which he will present to you with my papers you will find an account vs John Newcombs1 he has one against me which will nearly balance, not quite I believe because I cannot get him to settle I inclose you a Note for the money due to French—
RC (NHi:Misc. Mss. Adams, Abigail); endorsed: “Mrs. A. Adams June 17. 1789.”
1. Probably John Newcomb (1761–1823), a member of a Braintree family of stoneworkers. The bill in question was likely for the construction of a wall just completed between the Adams and Bass properties (Sprague, Braintree Families, p. 3431R, 3434, 3435, 3449, 3450, 3454; U.S. Census, 1790, Mass., p. 196; AA to JA, 26 April and 5 May, both above).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0203

Author: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-06-17

Abigail Adams' Directions Concerning Their Massachusetts Houses and Farms

Mr Bass is to pay 20 Dollors pr Year and the Taxes for one half the House and the whole, of the small garden this Rent is to be paid this Year in work to me or my order Pheby is to pay four dollors a year the year to commence from July 1.st 1789 Seven months she has { 373 } lived in the House to be given to her— Mrs Palmer is to pay 15 dollors pr year She is to have what is now upon the Garden, the fruit excepted which is Leased to Brother Adams. Mrs Palmer is to have the potatoes planted behind the House. she is to have what wood remains in the Yard after mrs Brisler moves: during her stay the wood to be in common, 2 small plumb Trees near the House to go with the house The Horse Cart sadle Bridle—Farming utensals sledge to be deliverd to the dr
Deacon Webb had two ox hides one cow one stear & two calf skins[.] of Him received one Side of Leather[.] mr marsh may have taken some uncertain1
MS (Adams Papers, Adams Office Manuscripts, Box 1, folder 1); endorsed by Cotton Tufts: “Mrs. Adams / [Directions?].”
1. Cotton Tufts wrote beneath this line that “Mr Marsh has had one Side 25w.” costing £1.1.8. According to Tufts, Marsh also had taken “one ox hide & Cow hide” at the same price for a cost of £0.2.4.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0204

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-06-19

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my Dear sister

This day is the Aniversary of my Landing in Boston and Tomorrow that of my departure from it. many are the mercies I have to be thankfull for through all my Perigranations, all the painfull scenes I have past through, has been the temporary seperation from my Friends, fatigue either of Body or Mind I scarcly name amongst them for I have my pleasures and gratifications which I set down as a balance to them. cousin Lucy has told you that I left Home about 8 oclock we proceeded to Man's Inn in Wrentham before we stop'd 27 miles where we dinned upon Roast veal roast chickings sallad &c, west India sweet meats I ought not to forget in the desert, it is really a very good Inn.1 we sat off at three oclock and reachd Attlebouroug about five where we Bated & Met with mr & mrs Mason & miss Powel going to Newport.2 we past an agreeable Hour to gether at Six we renewed, our journey and reach'd Providence at half after Seven. we put up at daggets Inn just at the entrance of the Town Situated upon a Hill opposite the State House commanding a fine view of the River & the whole Town. we are tolerably well accommodated, but should have been much better if the Governour had not taken the best Chamber before I came, (the court being now in { 374 } Session) and he has not had the politeness either to offer to give it up or to make me a visit, tho he has had much conversation with Polly and now & then takes a Peap at me from entry.3 my first inquiry was after a packet. I found only Browns here, he came & I like him he has a very good packet & Bears a good character himself, but Says he cannot be ready to Sail till saturday morning, the wind to day is directly against us.
In about an hour after my arrival I received the visits of the following persons— mr & mrs Arnold,4 the Gentleman was one of the Committe who came to mr Adams—from the Towns of Newport & Providence mr & mrs Francis. this Lady is the daughter of mr John Brown of this Town, so celebrated for his Wealth5—miss Bowen the sister to the late Governour,6 Col Peck, mr Robins Tuter to the Colledge & mr Shrimpton Hutchinson and Mrs Nightingale,7 all of whom in the Name of many other gentlemen & Ladies regreeted that I had dissapointed them in not letting it be known when I should be here as they had agreed to meet me several miles out of Town. mr & mrs Francis invited me to take up my abode with them. I excused myself, but have promised to take Tea & spend the Evening if I do not go out of Town. this morning I am to take a ride with them to see the Town & to return my visits, if I am not prevented by company but my wish is not to be detained a moment. pray write me & let me know by the next post whether my furniture is all on Board Barnard & when he will Sail— I should be glad to hear how mrs Brisler is. I left her in great affliction.
I feel the want of mrs Brisler as a Hair dresser, on other accounts Polly does very well Matilda is well, & her finger much better. let mrs Storer know if you please— my best Regards to all my dear Friends. it grieved me to see you so dull, you used to keep up your Spirits better do not let them flagg. a merry Heart does good like a medicine we shall hear often from one an other, and the Seperation be renderd less painfull by that means—
This moment a Card is brought me from mr Brown & Lady with an invitation to dine with them to day & that they will visit me at ten—I accept it, as Brown cannot go till tomorrow. adieu my dear sister most / affectionatly Yours.
[signed] Abigail Adams—
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed: “To / Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree”; endorsed by Richard Cranch: “Letter from Mrs A / Adams, Providence, / June 19th. 1789.”
1. This Wrentham, Mass., inn was originally run by Pelatiah Man (b. 1689) and then by his son David (b. 1724) (George S. Mann, Genealogy of the Descendants of { 375 } Richard Man of Scituate, Mass., Boston, 1884, p. 22; Boston Evening Post, 19 May 1755).
2. Jonathan Mason Jr. (1756–1831), Princeton 1774, was a former law clerk of JA's who married Susan Powell (1760–1841) in 1779. From 1786 to 1796, he represented Boston in the Mass. General Court, and he later served as a U.S. senator. Miss Powell was probably Susan's sister, Anna Dummer Powell (1770–1848), who married Thomas Perkins in 1800 (vol. 4:337; DAB; Boston, 24th Report, p. 299; NEHGR, 26:143 [April 1872]).
3. John Collins (1717–1795) served as the third governor of the state of Rhode Island from 1786 to 1790; he had previously represented Rhode Island in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1781 (DAB).
Daggett's Inn, which had been recommended to AA by Capt. James Brown, was probably run by the same Daggett family who operated the ferry across the Seekonk River along the main route between Boston and New York (JA to AA, 19 May, note 1, above; Edward Field, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the End of the Century: A History, 3 vols., Boston, 1902, 2:535–537).
4. Probably Providence merchant Welcome Arnold (1745–1798) and his wife, Patience Greene Arnold (1754–1809). Arnold was a business associate of John Brown and Joseph Nightingale (Franklin Stuart Coyle, Welcome Arnold (1745–1798), Providence Merchant: The Founding of an Enterprise, Brown Univ., Ph.D. diss., 1972, p. 6–7, 12).
5. Abby Brown (1766–1821), the daughter of Sarah Smith (1738–1825) and John Brown (1736–1803), of the wealthy Providence merchant family, was married to John Francis (1763–1796) of Philadelphia. Together, John Brown and John Francis formed the company of Brown & Francis, which was the first Providence house to engage in the China trade (James B. Hedges, The Browns of Providence Plantations: The Colonial Years, Providence, 1968, p. xx, 19; DAB).
6. Jabez Bowen (1739–1815), Yale 1757, served as deputy governor of Rhode Island for most of William Greene's administration from 1778 to 1786, at which time he was appointed a delegate to the Annapolis Convention. He married Sarah Brown (1742–1800) in 1762. Bowen had several sisters, at least three of whom—Nancy (1762–1801), Betsey (b. 1765), and Frances (b. 1768)—were still unmarried (Dexter, Yale Graduates, 2:452–454; Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island, 3 vols., Chicago, 1908, 1:1009–1011; James N. Arnold, Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636–1850, 21 vols., Providence, 1891–1912, 14:112, 527).
7. Probably Col. William Peck of Providence who had served as the adjutant-general of the Rhode Island militia during the Revolution (JCC, 8:561; Rhode Island, Acts and Resolves of the General Assembly, 1783, Providence, 1785, Evans, No. 18150, p. 11).
Asher Robbins (1757–1845) was appointed tutor at Rhode Island College (later Brown University) in 1782 and remained in the position until 1790. He subsequently studied law and became a U.S. district attorney, state assemblyman, and later U.S. senator serving from 1825 to 1839 (Biog. Dir. Cong.).
Shrimpton Hutchinson (ca. 1718–1811) had previously been a Boston merchant, running a store called the Three Sugar Loaves and Cannister on King Street (Boston Evening Post, 18 Dec. 1749; Arnold, Vital Record of Rhode Island, 13:516).
Probably Abigail Belcher Nightingale (1720–1794), widow of Samuel Nightingale (1715–1786) and mother of Providence merchants Samuel (1741–1814) and Joseph Nightingale (1748–1797) (William Richard Cutter, New England Families Genealogical and Memorial, 3d ser., 4 vols., N.Y., 1915, 2:928–929; NEHGR, 109:4 [Jan. 1955]).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0205

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-06-21

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I last evening receiv'd your kind Letter from Providence but shall not be able to get one to you by tomorrows Post—but shall write by the next I have not seen mr Brisler since you went away but heard that your Goods were puting on Board the vessel yesterday
{ 376 }
This day Twelves months I accompany'd my dear Brother & Sister to the House of God to offer with grateful hearts I hope our acknowledgments ffor the favours we had receiv'd during our long Separation from each other Providence has again call'd you from me & tho it is what I ought to have wish'd as a Lover of my country, I must mourn as an affectionate Sister, I do not know why I have found it so much harder parting now than before, but it really is so. I have more difficultis to incounter now than then. & my prospects are gloomy. this is one reason I believe— I feel as if I should want the kind Soothings of my Sisters I wish & try to be chearful I know it is my duty to be so. but I cannot always succeed— Patience & resignation are the great dutys I have to exerccesse Hope & Trust must be their attendants or the Heart would faint my wishes are not large. there is therefore the greater probability that they may be gratified— Honour without profit we have had enough of— To pay our debts, to live decently & to see our Friends in the way we have been use'd to is not an unreasonable wish? is it my Sister?— but however providence may See fit to dispose of us I hope to be resign'd— I will rejoice in the prosperity of my Friends & endeavour to find my Happinss in doing what I can to make others so—
Before this reaches you I hope you will have arriv'd safe & made your Friends happy by your presence, I will rejoice in their joy. I will think of you as a happy circle, & place myself among you. I will repair to the nursery & play with the sweet little Boys, William do not break your little Horse & go tell mama who sent it to you—
Pray tell me what kind of a Being they have fore a Governor in Rhode Island— I hope Polly told him whose Grandaughter she was—I was once in company with the Browns at major Fullers. There were a number of the Family din'd there Louisia must be much gratified by the new Scene which has open'd upon her— Her modest mild manners will gain her many admires. She will be flutter'd round. your watchful eye will ever be upon her I know— my dear charles will I hope guard against every temptation to evil— tell him that I love him with an affection little short of what I feel for my own son— tell him also if you please that as he has his companions now to chuse anew that I conjure him by all that is sacred as he values his reputation among the virtuous & worthy of mankind— as he would not imbitter the declining years of his Parents & wound the hearts of his Friends to be careful who he admits to call him thier Friend & associate He will write to his cousins I hope I wanted to say a great deal to him before he went away but I could not—
{ 377 }
I thank you my dear Sister for every expression of your affection in whatever way discover'd— The suit of velvet will be very useful the contents of the Bottles will be keept to ristore the languid spirit—
I shall expect to hear as much Politick from you as you can with safety convey. I shall feel importan then among your Friends— I am so pleas'd with Judge Dana & Lady that if I should go to cambridge I shall make them another visit, & must have a little politicks to talk of you know if I should—
remember me affectionately to mr Adams to mr & mrs Smith & all my Friends & accept / the warmest affection of your / grateful Sister
Mary Cranch
you cannot think how I am worried with my Girl She is not worth a copper I am in chase of another [. . .] could not come

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0206

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-06-28

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] My dear sister

I wrote you from Providence some account of my polite reception there & closed my Letter just as I had accepted an invitation to dine with mr Brown & Lady. the forenoon was pass't in receiving visits from all the principal gentlemen and Ladies of the Town, who seemed to vie with each other, to convince me that tho they were inhabitants of an Antifederal state. they were themselves totally against the measures persued by it, and that they entertaind the highest Regard and Respect for the Character with which I was so intimately connected, altho to their great mortification they had been prevented the Honour of having any share in placing him in his respected station1
Mr Brown sent his Carriage & Son to conduct me his House which is one of the Grandest I have seen in this Country. every thing in and about it, wore the marks of magnificence & taste.2 mrs Brown met me at the door & with the most obliging Smile accosted me with—[“]Friend I am glad to see the here” the simplicity of her manners & dress with the openness of her countanance & the friendlyness of her behaviour charmed me beyond all the studied politeness of European manners— they had colleted between 22 persons to dine with me tho the notice was so short, & gave an Elegant { 378 } entertainment upon a service of Plate. towards Evening I made a Tour round the Town, & drank Tea & spent the Evening with mr & Mrs Francis whom I mentiond to you before. here the company was much enlarged, & many persons introduced to me who had no opportunity before of visiting me, amongst those Ladies, with whom I was most pleased was the Lady & two sisters of Governour Bowen.3 about Eleven I returnd To my lodgings and the next morning went on Board the Handcock packet we had contrary wind all Day, by which means we did not reach Newport untill Seven oclock. I had been only a few moments arrived when mr Merchant came on Board and insisted that I with my whole Family should go on shore & Lodge at his House. he would take no refusal. he sent his daughter down to receive & accompany my Neice, & came himself in a few moments with a carriage to attend me. at his House I was kindly & Hospitably Treated by his Lady & daughters.4 we slept there & the next morning were early summond on Board the packet. Captain Brown had very civily taken his wife to attend upon me, & accomodate me during my passage5 I found her a very well Bred Geenteel woman, but neither civility attention or politeness could remedy the sea sickness or give me a fair wind or dispell the Thunder Gusts which attended us both night & day. in short I resolved upon what I have frequently before, that I would never again embark upon the water, but this resolution I presume will be kept as my former ones have been. we were five days upon the water. Heat want of rest, sea sickness & terror for I had my share of that, all contributed to fatigue me and I felt upon my arrival quite tame & spiritless Louissa was very sick, but behaved like a Heroine Matilda had her share but when she was a little recoverd she was the life of us all Polly was half dead all the Passage & sufferd more from sea sickness than any of us. Charls eat & slept without any inconvenience. when we came to the wharff, I desired the Captain to go to our Friend mr MacCormick and inform him of my arrival, if he was not to be found to go to the Senate Chamber & inform mr A. who from the hour of the day I knew must be there. mr otis the secretary came to me with a Carriage & I reach'd Richmond Hill on Thursday one oclock to my no small joy I found mr Adams in better Health than I feard mr & mrs Smith quite well & every thing so well arranged that Beds & a few other articles seem only necessary towards keeping House with comfort, and I begin to think, that my furniture will be troublesome to me, some part of it I mean whilst mrs Smith remains with me. master John was grown out of my knowledge, { 379 } william is still at Jamaica. our House has been a mere Levee ever since I arrived morning & Evening. I took the earliest opportunity (the morning after my arrival) to go & pay my respects to mrs Washington mrs Smith accompanied me. She received me with great ease & politeness, she is plain in her dress, but that plainness is the best of every article. she is in mourning, her Hair is white, her Teeth Beautifull, her person rather short than otherways, hardly so large as my Ladyship, and if I was to speak sincerly, I think she is a much better figure, her manners are modest and unassuming, dignified and femenine, not the Tincture of ha'ture about her.6his majesty was ill & confined to his Room.7 I had not the pleasure of a presentation to him, but the satisfaction of hearing that he regreeted it equally with myself. col Humphries who had paid his compliments to me in the morning & Breakfasted with me, attended mrs washington & mr Lear the Private Secretary, was the introducter—8 thus you have an account of my first appearence— the Principal Ladies who have visited me are the Lady & daughter of the Governour Lady Temple the Countess de Brehim, Mrs Knox & 25 other Ladies many of the Senators, all their Ladies all the Foreign ministers & some of the Reps.
We are most delightfully situated, the prospect all around is Beautifull in the highest degree, it is a mixture of the sublime & Beautifull— amidst it all I sigh for many of my dear Friends and connections. I can make no domestick arrangment till Brisler arrives— remember me affectionatly to all my Friends particularly my aged parent, to my children to whom I cannot write as yet to my dear Lucy & worthy dr Tufts in short to all whom I love yours most tenderly
[signed] A Adams
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed: “To / Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree.”
1. The state of Rhode Island had declined to send delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention, to hold a ratifying convention, or to select electors to choose a president and vice president. Under increasing commercial pressure and in order to participate in the debates over the Bill of Rights, Rhode Island finally called a convention and ratified the Constitution in May 1790 by a vote of 34 to 32 (Florence Parker Simister, The Fire's Center: Rhode Island in the Revolutionary Era, 1763–1790, Providence, 1979, p. 233–240).
2. John Brown's house, located at the corner of Power and Benefit Streets in Providence, was considered at the time one of the finest homes in America. Today it houses the Rhode Island Historical Society. John and Sarah Brown's only surviving son, James (1761–1834), chose not to enter the family mercantile business (James B. Hedges, The Browns of Providence Plantations: The Colonial Years, Providence, 1968, p. xx, 19, 199).
3. For the Bowen family, see AA to Mary Smith Cranch, 19 June, note 6, above.
4. Henry Marchant (1741–1796) had known JA in the Continental Congress, where Marchant served from 1777 to 1779. He represented Newport in the Rhode Island General { 380 } Assembly from 1784 to 1790 and was a staunch advocate of ratification. He and his wife, Rebecca Cooke, had two daughters, Sarah and Elizabeth, as well as a son, William (DAB; James N. Arnold, Vital Record of Rhode Island, 1636–1850, 21 vols., Providence, 1891–1912, 4:104).
5. Capt. James Brown was married to Free-love Brown (ca. 1765–1819), the daughter of Col. William Brown of Providence (Arnold, Vital Record of Rhode Island, 13:221, 14:541).
6. For Martha Washington and her family, see Descriptive List of Illustrations, No. 11, above.
7. George Washington's illness was more serious than most people realized, with a fever stemming from an infection connected to a tumor in his leg. He had the tumor removed on 17 June 1789. By early July, he was able to conduct government business though he remained weak for some time thereafter (Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 3:76–77).
8. Tobias Lear (1762–1816), Harvard 1783, originally from New Hampshire, served as Washington's private secretary from 1786 to 1793 (Harvard Quinquennial Cat.; Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 1:98).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0207

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-06-28

John Quincy Adams to John Adams

[salute] Dear Sir.

It has not been altogether from a neglect of my duties that I have hitherto omitted writing you; from situation as well as from inclination, I have been in a great measure secluded from such political information, as might afford you any entertainment, and from a proper modesty, I thought it best to forbear transmitting, any insignificant details concerning my own person.— Even now the same motives which have hitherto deterred me from writing, are not without their influence: but perhaps a moment's relaxation from the affairs of a Nation, to attend to those of a private and domestic nature, may not be disagreeable; and if my Letter should be impertinent, I shall at least solace myself with the reflection that it can probably only add one, more to an innumerable quantity of a similar nature.
Three months have elapsed, since my return to this Town. My Health has been restored beyond my expectations, and I have been able without injuring it, to devote a larger portion of my Time to study, than I hoped to when I left Braintree.— Lord Coke, Saunders, Hale and Blackstone have contributed to add to my small stock of professional knowledge; and I have made some researches into the doctrine of pleading.1 My greatest apprehensions at present, are with respect to the practical part of the profession. The skill to apply general knowledge to particular cases, is no less important than the knowledge itself; and a new piece of mechanism, will often perform its operations with great irregularity, however well it may be constructed. I remain still in a state of irresolution and suspense with respect to the place of my future residence. I have consulted Mr: Parsons upon the Subject: he said he could not advise me so { 381 } { 382 } well at present, as he might after the federal judiciary System shall be established; because he knew not what vacancies might be created by that circumstance. He however hinted that if either himself or Mr: Bradbury should be removed he should recommend this place to me.—2 I know not what his own expectations are; but I have some reason to suppose he has his eye upon two offices; those of the district Judge, and Attorney general; either of which I believe would suit him well.—3 And by his putting the supposition of his being taken off from the practice I have conjectured that there was in his own mind, an idea of the probability of his appointment.— As I believe his talents are much better calculated to administer laws than to make them, I wish he may succeed. Perhaps even an involuntary consideration of my own interest, has some effect to give a bias to my opinion. I am the more free to make this confession, because I suppose the appointments are all adjusted ere this, and I shall not therefore appear in the humiliating light of a solicitor; which I wish ever to avoid; and in which I am well perswaded I should be unsuccessful were I now to assume it.
As our Newspapers are probably transmitted to you with regularity, I can give you very little news in the public Line. The very great majority of votes by which Mr: H. was reelected, and the influence which was successfully exerted for Mr: A. appeared somewhat singular, after the event of all the contests relating to the federal elections; There have been a variety of subordinate political manoeuvres in the choice of representatives of the different towns. Those in Boston, you have undoubtedly been informed of. There was in this town a faint struggle for a change in the representation; but the old members came in with a respectable majority.
Our general Court, after sitting, about a month, and busying themselves upon the subject of Finance just sufficient to refer it over to the next Session, have adjourned to some time in January; when it will be too late in the political year, to adopt any decisive measures.4 There has been a scheme on foot for sinking our State debt by means of a Lottery. From Mr: Parsons's conversation I have supposed that the plan originated with him; and in his speculative principles he thinks it would reconcile the claims of public Justice, with the interests of an impotent debtor. The proposal was to redeem £40,000 of the debt, by refunding only £10,000 in Specie to the adventurers.— Besides the impropriety of encouraging a gambling disposition among the people, I confess the plan appears to me equally inconsistent with the dignity of a sovereignstate and with { 383 } the integrity of an honest debtor. For whatever expedients may be used to conceal or disguise the iniquity of the transaction, nothing can be more clear than that where a debt of £40,000, is paid with 10,000 the creditor must be defrauded. The bill pass'd in the House by a majority of 73 to 52, but was non-concurred by the Senate.
The High Sheriff of this County, M. Farley, died about a week since. The place has been offered to Mr: Jackson, who has declined accepting it: and Mr: B. Bartlet of Haverhill is named as the person who will probably be appointed.5 My Mother and Brother I suppose have arrived at New York before this. They left Boston ten days ago. If it should be convenient and agreeable, I shall ask permission to pay you a visit about the beginning of October. I mentioned September to my Mamma; but I did not then recollect that our Court of Common Pleas sits in this town in that Month; when my attendance at the office will probably be required.
Col1: Smith and My Sister, with their children I hope are well. I know not what apology I shall make to them for not having written to them; I intend however soon in some measure to repair my fault.— I shall hope at least to hear often from my brother Charles; he is still more averse than I am to epistolary exertions; but it is an aversion which I hope he will make a point of overcoming.
The proceedings of Congress have almost entirely superseded all other subjects of political speculation. The revenue bill has hitherto chiefly engaged the public attention. The original duty upon molasses, exceedingly alarmed many of our West India merchants, and whatever may be said of discarding all local & personal considerations, they have not I believe, been so much pleased with any Act of the President of the Senate, as his turning the vote for reducing the duty to 3 cents. This observation however only applies to a few; for I do not know that the circumstance is generally known.—6 The Judiciary bill has not yet been published here: I had a transient sight of a copy, which I believe Mr: Dalton sent. Mr: Parsons thinks 6 Judges will not be enough; and objects to the joining the district Judge to the other two in the circuits. Because it gives him a casting voice in affirming his own decisions.7
I am, Dear Sir, your dutiful Son.
[signed] J. Q. Adams.
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “J. Q. A. June 28. / ansd July 9. 1789.”
1. JQA was likely reading Sir Matthew Hale, The History and Analysis of the Common Law of England, London, 1731, and Sir Edmund Saunders, Les reports du tres erudite Edmund Saunders . . . des divers pleadings et cases en le Court del bank le Roy (The Reports of the Most Learned Sir Edmund Saunders . . . of Several Pleadings and Cases in the { 384 } Court of King's Bench), 2 vols., London, 1686. For JQA's comments on William Blackstone's Commentaries and Sir Edward Coke's Institutes, see Diary, 2:372–373.
2. Theophilus Bradbury (1739–1803), Harvard 1757, initially practiced law in Falmouth, Mass. (now Maine), where his law students included Theophilus Parsons. He moved to Newburyport in the late 1770s. He served in Congress from 1795 to 1797 and as a judge on the Mass. Supreme Judicial Court from 1797 until his death (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 14:143–146).
3. Parsons never held any federal positions, nor did he leave Newburyport until 1800, though he was named chief justice of the Mass. Supreme Judicial Court in 1806 (DAB).
4. The General Court met from 27 May to 26 June, after which it adjourned until 13 Jan. 1790 (Mass., Acts and Laws, 1788–1789, p. 604, 611).
5. Gen. Michael Farley of Ipswich, a former member of the Mass. General Court and Executive Council, died on 20 June. He was succeeded by Bailey Bartlett of Haverhill, whom Gov. John Hancock appointed to the position on 1 July. Bartlett continued in that position, with one brief interval, until his death in 1830 (D. Hamilton Hurd, comp., History of Essex County, Massachusetts, 2 vols., Phila., 1888, 1:619, 2:2009–2010).
6. For the records of the debates in the Senate over the duty on molasses, see First Fed. Cong., 9:55, 57–58, 66–68. “An Act for Laying a Duty on Goods, Wares, and Merchandises Imported into the United States” ultimately set the rate at 2 ½ cents per gallon (1st Congress, Sess. I, ch. 2, sect. 1). While the Senate debates were secret, the Massachusetts newspapers did report what they could learn on the subject, focusing particularly on the duties on molasses and rum; see, for example, Massachusetts Centinel, 6, 17 June 1789.
7. The judiciary bill, “An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States,” was signed into law on 24 September. It provided for six Supreme Court justices (one chief justice and five associates). It also established a structure in which the circuit courts, which reviewed district court decisions, would include a district court judge and two Supreme Court justices. In the final version of the law, however, a district court judge was specifically forbidden from voting on any appeal of his own decision (1st Congress, Sess. I, ch. 20, sects. 1, 4).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0208

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
DateRange: 1789-07-05 - 1789-07-06

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I promiss'd to write you by the Post when your Furniture Sail'd but Doctor Tufts Said he had done it—1 I hope you have it safe & that it has been more fortunate than in its last voyage— I heard you did not leave Providence till the monday after you left us. I want to hear of your arrival reception &c—how you found mr Adams mrs Smith & her little ones—whether she will continue in the House with you & whether you have not all been made Sick with the continue'd heat of the last fortnight. we have not had such for several years. it has fallen hard upon me because I have had such poor help. Ester Baxter has been with me for the last week or I believe I should have been quite sick.2 I have now got a Girl from milton who appears as if she would do after I have taught her to cook & do twenty other things which she knows nothing of at present— It is very unreasonable that such an one should demand the same wages that a Girl, has who does not want such teaching but so it is—
{ 385 }
mrs Palmer has mov'd into your house3 I have been their but a few moments since They appear to be much gratified with their situation mrs Brisler has been very well for her has been threaten'd once or twice with one of her ill turns but they went of. her eldest child will soon run alone she leads about prittily
I heard last week from both your sons they were well— uncle Quincy was at meeting last Sabbath— what a life he leads without a creature about him in whos Society he can take any pleasure— I could not live so
I saw your mother Hall today she was as well as usual. every thing in Braintree remains as when you left it excepting that old Benjamin cleaverly dy'd last week & that Becca Field made young—Ben—pay her four dollars for attempting to get into her Lodging room window in the night4 she came with a complant to mr Cranch & he write him a Letter which frightned him heartlly
Mr Guild I hear is gone to New york by him I hope you will write me. you are in the midst of the busy world I almost out of it. I have very little variety in my circle & what I tell you in one Letter I must repeat in another. I should write oftener if my stock of inteligence was greater or more important.—
July 6th
I have just been gratified with a Letter from my dear sister, mr woodward took it out of the Post office this morning I am indeed rejoic'd to hear of your safe arrival after so painful & dangerous a voyage. Hear I was pleasing my self that you had fine weather & a good wind for such we had hear— I should have been distress'd indeed if I had known your situation— I have an oppertunity to send this immediately
adieu yours most affectionatly
[signed] Mary Cranch
RC (Adams Papers); addressed by Richard Cranch: “To / Mrs. Adams / Lady of the Vice / President. / N: York”; docketed: “Mrs Mary Cranch / to Mrs A Adams / July 5th 1789.”
1. Not found.
2. Esther Baxter was probably the daughter of Daniel Baxter and Prudence Spear, born prior to 1774. She married Eben Newcomb Jr. in 1794 (Joseph Nickerson Baxter, Memorial of the Baxter Family, Boston, 1879, p. 22–23, 27).
3. Mary Cranch Palmer, the widow of Gen. Joseph Palmer, moved into the Old House with her two daughters, Mary (Polly) and Elizabeth Palmer. Mary Cranch Palmer remained there until her death in Feb. 1790; the two sisters stayed until Elizabeth's marriage to Joseph Cranch in the summer of 1790, when all three moved to West Point, N.Y. (Mary Smith Cranch to AA, 28 Feb. 1790, Adams Papers; Grandmother Tyler's Book, p. 109–110).
4. Benjamin Cleverly (1710–1789) was a life-long Braintree resident and had served { 386 } as constable and surveyor of highways for the town. A loyalist, he was declared “Inimical to the United States” in 1777 but continued to live in Braintree until his death on 3 July 1789. His eldest son Benjamin (b. 1731/32) was a cordwainer (Braintree Town Records, p. 297, 312, 481–482, 690; Pattee, Old Braintree, p. 144; Sprague, Braintree Families, p. 1085, 1085R).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0209

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1789-07-09

John Adams to John Quincy Adams

I thank you my dear Son, for your dutiful Letter of the 28th. of June, and rejoice, with exceeding Joy, in the recovery of your health
My Advice is, to give yourself very little Thought about the Place of your future Residence. a few Months will produce changes that will easily Settle that Question for you. Mr Parsons's great Law Abilities make me wish that the Public may be availed of them, in one of the most respectable Situations, and I doubt not that he will be promoted either on the State Bench or an higher.
I Shall be very happy, my Son, to See you here, whenever the Journey may be most convenient to you and to Mr Parsons: but I should wish you to be here when the House is Sitting, that you may hear the Debates, and know the Members. Charles has been very industrious and useful to me, Since his Arrival. He is gone with his Brother and Sister, on a visit to Jamaica. I will enjoin upon him a constant Correspondence with you.
I am of Mr Parsons's opinion that Six Judges are not enough. his objection to joining the district Judge to the other two in the Circuits, has been obviated, by excluding him from a Voice in any Cause, which he may have adjudged before.
Your Letter my Son is full of matter, and has given me great pleasure. I wish you to write me, once a Week.— I am at a loss to guess, how you came by the Anecdote, that I turned the Vote for 3 Cents on Molasses. one Penny a gallon, would go so far towards paying my Salary that I think the Molasses Eaters ought not to be so stingy as they are to me. but neither Molasses, nor fish nor millions upon millions of Acres of Land, will ever be of any Service to you, or even make me comfortable. I must be pinched and Streightened till I die, and you must have to toil and drudge as I have done. do it, my dear son with out murmuring. This is entre nous.— Independence, my Boy and freedom from humiliating obligations, are greater Sources of happiness, than Riches.
{ 387 }
My office requires, rather Severe duty, and it is a kind of Duty, which if I do not flatter myself too much, is not quite adapted to my Character.— I mean it is too inactive, and mechanical.— The Chancellor sometimes wishes to leave the Woolsack,1 and engage in debate. but as it cannot be done, I am content, tho it sometimes happens that I am much enclined to think I could throw a little light upon a subject.— if my health and Patience should hold out my four Years, I can retire and make Way for some of you younger folk, for one Vacancy makes many Promotions.
if you have turned Quaker, with our H. of Reps, as from the outside of your Letter one would suspect, I think you ought to have Thee'd and Thou'd your Correspondent in the Inside.—2 if not, you ought to have given him the Title of Goodman, or Something, according to the Doctrine in Shenestones School Mistress.

Albeit ne flatt'ry did corrupt her Truth

Ne pompous Title did debauch her Ear

Goody, Goodwoman, Gossip, N'aunt, forsooth,

or Dame, the Sole Additions, She did hear;

Yet these She challeng'd; these She held right dear;

Ne would esteem him Act, as mought behove

Who Should not honour'd eld, with these revere;

For never Title yet so mean could prove,

But there was eke a mind, which did that title love.3

I am my dear Child, with the tenderest / Affection your Father
[signed] John Adams.
P. S. There was a public Character among the Romans, who was called Prince of the Senate, Princeps Senatus, I believe.4 as you may have leisure I wish you would look in Livy, Tacitus Cicero and all the rest, and write me what you find concerning him.
RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mr John Quincy Adams.”; endorsed: “My Father. 9. July 1789.” and “Mr: Adams. July 9. 1789.” Tr (Adams Papers).
1. A reference to the seat of the Lord Chancellor in the British House of Lords, made of a square parcel of wool (OED).
2. The cover to this letter, with the address, has not been found.
3. William Shenstone, The School-Mistress, a Poem. In Imitation of Spenser, London, 1742, lines 73–81.
4. In the Roman senate, the princeps senatus was the first name on the senate list as compiled by the censors. Once granted this position, he retained it for the rest of his life. As princeps senatus, the senator had the right to speak first on any motion and consequently could be extremely influential in debates (Oxford Classical Dicy.).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0210

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-07-12

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

I received your kind Letter by mr Brisler who reachd here on the 4th of july, Since which you will easily suppose I have been very buisily engaged in arraneging my Family affairs. this added to the intence heat of the season Some company (tho for three days I was fashionably not at Home,) and some visiting which was indispensable, having more than fifty upon my list, my Time has been so wholy occupied that I have not taken a pen, yet my Thoughts have not been so occupied, but that they have frequently visited you, and my other Friends in the Neighbourhood, and tho I have here, as to situation one of the most delightfull spots I have seen in this Country, yet I find the want of some of my particular connection's but an all wise Providence has seen fit to curtail our wishes and to limit our enjoyments, that we may not be unmindfull of our dependance or forget the Hand from whence they flow. I have a favour to request of all my near and intimate Friend's it is to desire them to watch over my conduct and if at any time they perceive any alteration in me with respect to them, arising as they may suppose from my situation in Life, I beg they would with the utmost freedom acquaint me with it. I do not feel within myself the least disposition of the kind, but I know Mankind are prone to deceive themselves, and Some are disposed to misconstrue the conduct of those whom they conceive placed above them.
our August Pressident is a singular example of modesty and diffidence. he has a dignity which forbids Familiarity mixed with an easy affibility which creates Love and Reverence. the Fever which he had terminated in an absess, so that he cannot sit up. upon my second visit to mrs Washington he sent for me into his Chamber. he was laying upon a settee and half raising himself up, beggd me to excuse his receiving me in that posture, congratulated me upon my arrival in New york and askd me how I could realish the simple manners of America after having been accustomed to those of Europe. I replied to him that where I fund simple manners I esteemed them, but that I thought we approachd much nearer to the Luxery and manners of Europe according to our ability, than most persons were sensible of, and that we had our full share of taste and fondness for them. The Pressident has a Bed put into his Carriage and rides out in that way, allways with six Horses in his Carriage & four attendants mrs { 389 } Washington accompanies him. I requested him to make Richmond Hill his resting place, and the next day he did so, but he found walking up stairs so difficult, that he has done it but once. Mrs Washington is one of those unassuming Characters which Creat Love & Esteem, a most becomeing plasentness sits upon her countanance, & an unaffected deportment which renders her the object of veneration and Respect, with all these feelings and Sensations I found myself much more deeply impressd than I ever did before their Majesties of Britain.
You ask me concerning politicks, upon my word I hear less of them here, than I did in Massa'ts the two Houses are very buisy upon very important Bill's the judiciary, and the Collecting Bills.1 the Senate is composed of many men of great abilities, who appear to be liberal in their sentiments and candid towards each other. the House is composed of some men of equal talants, others—the debates will give you the best Idea of them, but there is not a member whose sentiment clash more with my Ideas of things than mr. G——y he certainly does not comprehend the Great National System which must render us Respectable abroad & energetick at Home and will assuredly find himself lost amidst Rocks & Sands—
My dear sister some parts of your Letter made me melancholy. are you in any difficulties unknown to me I know very well that a small Farm must afford you a scanty support and that you are a sufferer from being obliged to receive pay in paper but I know your Prudence & oeconomy has carried you along, tho not in affluence, yet with decency & comfort, and I hope you will still be able to live so. you have one daughter comfortably situated, your son will from his merit & abilities soon get into some buisness your other daughter, you have every reason to be satisfied with do not look upon the gloomy side only. how easily might your situation be changed for the worse. even if you were in possession of Riches yet there is a competancy which is so desirable that one cannot avoid an anxiety for it. I have a request to make you, desire mr Cranch to make out his account which he has against mr A. I gave cousin Lucy a memmorandum—let the balance be drawn and inclose to me, and I will send you a Receit in full This I consider myself at full liberty to do, because the little sum Lent you was my own pocket money. put the Letter under cover to mrs Smith, it will then fall into no hands but my own but cover the whole for a frank to mr A.— do not talk of oblagations. reverse the matter & then ask yourself, if you would not do as much for me?
{ 390 }
I wish it was in mr A's power to help mr Cranch to some office at Home which would assist him. mr A exprest the same wish to me, but at present he does not see any, tho a certain Lady in the full assurence of hope, wrote him that he now had it in his power to establish his own Family & Successfully help his Friends and that she is sure of his Patronage—for certain purposes—to which mr A. replied, [“]that he has no patronage but if he had, neither her children or his own could be sure of it beyond his own clear conviction of the publick good, that he should bely the whole course of his publick and private conduct, and all the maxims of his Life, if he should ever consider publick Authority entrusted to him, to be made subservient to his private views, or those of his Family and Friends.” you cannot mistake who the Lady was, I know no other equally ambitious, but I presume her pretentions & those of her Family will fail, as I think they ought to if one Quarter part is true which has been reported of them.2 I fancy a constant correspondence is kept up between mr W——n & mr G——y and like enough with several other jealous Partizans, but I hope they will never have sufficient interest to disturb the Government. I really believe mr G——y to be an honest man. the other has been grosely misled, and I do soberly think by the unbridled ambition of one She told me upon her last visit, that she did not perceive any alteration in mr A's conduct towards them. I am sure she must have told what was not true if she had said there was none in mine, for I feel it, and I cannot deceive. with regard to mr A he has dealt by them like a sincere Friend, and an honest Man and their own Hearts must approve his conduct, however grateing to their feelings. I am most sincerely sorry for the cause. they were my old and dear Friend's for whom I once entertaind the highest respect
Col mrs Smith Charles & little Jack are gone this week to Jamaica to get out of the Bustle at home and are not yet returnd. C. will not go into any company but such as his Father or col Smith introduces him to. he appears steady and sedate & I hope will continue so—Time and example will prevail over youthfull folly I trust. my Love to mrs Norten, how does she do? Louissa appears very happy, but I am obliged to keep her a mere prisoner on account of the small Pox of which there is always danger in N York as soon as the weather will permit shall have her innoculated. I find as many servants necessary here as in England, but not half as well calculated for their buisness. the distance from Town requires one or two extra as they are obliged to go & come always four, & frequently six times a day. { 391 } we have to send constantly to market in addition, but not withstanding all this I would not change this situation for any I know of in Town. Richmond Hill is situated upon the North River which communicates with Albany. Pauls hook as it is calld is in full sight, & the Jersy shore.3 vessels are constantly passing up & down. the House is situated upon a high Hill which commands a most extensive prospect, on one side we have a view of the city & of Long Island, the River in Front, Jersy and the adjasant Country on the other side, you Turn a litle from the Road and enter a Gate a winding Road with trees in clumps leads you to the House, and all round the House, it looks wild and Rural as uncultivated Nature. the House is convenient for one family, but much too small for more, you enter under a Piazza into a Hall & turning to the right Hand assend a stair case which lands you in an other of equal dimensions of which I make a drawing Room. it has a Glass door which opens into a gallery the whole Front of the house which is exceeding pleasant. the Chambers are on each side. the House is not in good repair, wants much done to it, and if we continue here I hope it will be done. there is upon the back of the House a Garden of much greater extent than our Braintree Garden, but it is wholy for a walk & flowers. it has a Hawthorn hedge & Rows of Trees with a Broad Gravel Walk.
how happy would it make me to see here my dears Brothers Sister Nephew Neices, and to delight them with the prospect. mr Guile & dr Craigy dinned with us yesterday.4 I find I have local attachments, and am more rejoiced to see a citizen of my own state than any other. Remember me affectionatly to my worthy Mother & Family to mrs Palmer & family who I hope are comfortably situated, to mrs Brisler too. I hope she will be able to come this way before long
my Letter is written in haste the weather very hot and I too laizy to Coppy
most affectionatly yours
[signed] A Adams
Tell Lucy she must write to me
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters).
1. The collection bill, which became “An Act to Regulate the Collection of the Duties Imposed by Law on the Tonnage of Ships or Vessels, and on Goods, Wares and Merchandizes Imported into the United States,” was first considered by the House on 29 June and debated there until 14 July, when it was approved and sent to the Senate for concurrence. The Senate approved it with amendments, and it was signed into law on 31 July (First Fed. Cong., 1:83–102; 3:100–111, 125).
2. Mercy Otis Warren wrote to JA on 7 May that he had “reached the acme of applause: & are placed in a situation to do eminent service to your Country to Establish your family & to assist most Esentially your { 392 } Friends. . . . and though none of my Family are soliciting at Court I am perswaded you will not forget them at a time when you have it so much in your power to oblige—with-out injury to yourself, your Family or your Country.” JA replied on 29 May much as AA quotes him above (Warren-Adams Letters, 2:310, 313–314).
3. Paulus Hook later became Jersey City, N.J.
4. Andrew Craigie (1743–1819) of Boston had served as apothecary general of the Continental Army during the Revolution (DAB).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0211

Author: Tufts, Cotton
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-07-20

Cotton Tufts to Abigail Adams

[salute] Dear Cousn

I am much pleased to hear that you have a commodious Seat, its Scituation delightful & Prospect pleasant—
We have had a fine Commencement & the Performances of the Day were spoken of with much Applause— Most excellent Things were said of the President & Vice President of the United States— their Characters were displayed in the brightest & strongest Colours
It is a satisfaction to the great & good, that their virtuous Deeds meet with the approbation of the wise & sober, it helps to sweeten some of the bitter Potions that they must partake off in their noble Pursuits & Progress through Life—.
Since You left us We have had a Plenty of Rain the Earth has assumed a new Appearance and Vegetation has been as sudden & great as I have ever known— Prospects of Grain & Hay are very good
Your oxen I could not get pastured for fatñing— After some Time I sold them on short Credit for 48 Dollrs.— The Farming Tools I took to my House, have sold part of them & shall sell the Remainder as opportunity presents— The ox Cart & Mud Boat remain at Braintree— I believe I shall get them to Weymouth in a Day or two, that they may be under my Eye & at Hand for Sale— I think it was Your Intention to have both sold, I fear they will not fetch near the first Cost especially the Mud Boat— Badcock whose Note you left with me, died some time past, I am informed that his Estate will not pay 10s/ pr £1
Mrs. Bass wishes to have Your half of the Corn, planted in the Garden by Jos. Field. At present Field reaps the Benefit of the whole Garden—
Pheebe not long since applied for Permission to let a Black Family into her Chamber— this I utterly refused—
Mr. George Storer appeared solicitous to know whethr. the Place purchased of Borland, would be let another Year—& what would be the Rent in Case of its being let— With respect to the first. I told him that it was probable that it would be leased, but what the Rent { 393 } would be I could not tell— He wished me to give my Opinion upon the Matter to h[is] Father— I referred Him to you— it appeared [to me?] that it was some sudden Start and not well digested—as Farming he said was his Object— Be it let to whomsoever it may, I hope it will be to some one who will render You a Profit—
Your Two Sons were here on Sunday are both well, Thomas has a good Chum assigned him—2 He sat off for Haverhill Yesterday with his Brother— Be pleased to remember me to Mr Adams & your Children—
I am with Affection / Yours
Cotton Tufts
I wish you to let me know, which of our News Papers are forwarded to you by the Printers at Boston and whether you would have them all continued—
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs. Abigail Adams”; internal address: “Mrs. Abigail Adams—”; docketed: “Dr: Tufts to / J Adams / 1789.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. For the financial transaction between JA and Moses and Huldah Babcock, see vol. 5:154–155. Moses Babcock died on 16 May (Milton Records: Births, Marriages and Deaths, 1662–1843, Boston, 1900, p. 205).
2. Possibly Thomas Gray (1772–1847), Harvard 1790, one of seven Harvard students and recent graduates who may have lived together in Cambridge. Gray would go on to serve a long pastorate at the Third Parish of Jamaica Plain (U.S. Census, 1790, Mass., p. 137; Harvard Quinquennial Cat.; Harriet Manning Whitcomb, Annals and Reminiscences of Jamaica Plain, Cambridge, 1897, p. 33–34).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0212

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-07-30

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I can never Sufficiently express my thanks or my gratitude for your last kind & affectionate Letter & you must not laugh at me nor chide me when I tell you that I sat & weept over it as if it had brought me some evil tydings I felt the full force of that maxim of Solomons “It is more blessed to give than to receive” But my dear Sister you must forgive me if I tell you I cannot accept your generous proposal—for tho I have not been able to return the Loan so soon as I expected I shall be in a capasity to do it some time or other— I hope soon—but I have met with so many dissapointments that I am affrai'd to promise any thing. I depended upon my dairy to discharge some small debts I was oblig'd to make in order to furnish Betsy we have lost four of our best cows in about a year & we are now oblig'd to turn off the best in our yard for a strange swelling she has under her throat which will kill her if it cannot be remov'd { 394 } & so my prospect of a good dairy this summer is again blasted—but this is from the hand of a good providence & I must not complain I am sorry I have ever let any thing slip from my pen to give my Sister pain but my spirits are at times so low that I cannot always mantain that fortitude of mind which enables its posseser to behave with propriety under the various trials they may be call'd to sustain
I often feel myself surrounded with difficulties which I cannot remove— The necessary wants of a Family & of children are more known & more felt by the mistress than any one else & they are not a burthen where they can be easily supply'd— our Farm is too small to give us a living & pay the Labour & the Taxes notwithstanding mr Cranch Labours very hard upon it himself His Watch business which is very small here & the courts is all the ways he has to raise cash— The education of a Son & the Settleing of a Daughter are heavey matters where the income is so small. We have purchas'd nothing for cloathing but bare necessarys for several years I have exerted all my strength & all my abilities to manage with prudence & [economy?] whatever came under my department but what is this towards the support of a Family— I am mortified I am greiv'd that I cannot do more to assist my Friend. His not receiving his money for his publick Services oblig'd him to borrow While our son was at college & there has never yet been a time that he could get his debt but at such a loss as we could not think of but this we should not mind if he could get into any business I say any for there is nothing which is lawful that he would not do—which would inable him to work himself out of his difficulties— His abilities & his integrity may yet procure him a living not too labourous for his health & age this is the height of his wishes & of his ambition & I will hope that something may yet turn up to his advantage we do not look up to mr A as the Lady did you mention If he should ever be able to help him to any thing It will not be because he is his Brother or his Friend only we are greatly oblig'd to him for his good wishes
I have now my Sister laid before you some of the causes of my anxeitys—& if you can place yourself for one moment in my situation you will not say that I have no reason for my dejection—but I hope it does not arise to a sinful anxiety & discontent this is what I am constantly striving against I am naturally very chearful & having open'd my heart to you—I know I shall feel better— I have been oblig'd to wear a countinance which badly indicated the feelings of this heart least I should give pain to my Family—
{ 395 }
The weather has been so very hot that I have been almost wore out with that & having so much work to do I have only a little girl of sixteen years old with me She is sprightly but ignorant—
I shall finish this sheet that it may have no connection with another which I shall write, but not to night for tis Twelve a clock now. & I cannot see streight—
so good night my dear dear Sister
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mrs Cranch / july 30th / 1790.”

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0213

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-08-02

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I have been several times to your new house but I do feel such a want of my dear sisters smiling countinance that I do not know how to bear the house I go into the best Parlour & set my self down & view mrs Smith & the coll— this gives me some pleasure but I want to put little Jack in her arms I do wish to see & hug the little creature again that sweet archness in his countinance I shall never forget1
I have a pretty little Boy of my own a son of mr Hunts from the wist Indias mr Durant brought him for his health & to be educated he is five years old— he is a well behave'd amiable Cchild very sprightly & playful—but easely manag'd you know how dearly I love to have little Folks about me mr Durant wish'd me to take him & I have done it— He is as fond of us all as if we were his own Family—but I find I feel more anxious least any thing should befall him than if he was my own Son— He is not only the only Son of his Parents but all the child they have left having lost four they sent this away to save him. He told me last night that “God had been pleas'd to take from him all his Brothers & sisters but he had mark'd him for no dye”
Mrs Durant is just gone2 she has had a most painful consumtion— Sally Austen liv'd but a little while after you went away3 mrs Austen is intitled to all our pity. She behaves with great propreity—these my sister are trying Scenes indeed
Mrs Smith very unexpectedly got to bed with a Daughter about a fortnight since she wak'd with a cat of Mrs Greens upon her stomack—& it frighten'd the poor little girl six weeks too soon into the world4 it is a weak thing but we hope it will live mrs Smith was { 396 } so frightend that she sprung out of Bed & ran into Nabbys chamber & lay upon her bed & cry'd an hour she thought it was a rat not having a cat in the house
your mother Hall I believe is well but I have been so confin'd by having such poor help that I have not been to see her
Mrs Pallmer & Daughters are well they look very nice & comfortable sister is with mrs Norton. she is—so so—but heaves many a sigh for aunt adams— Lucy has been in Boston for these ten days visiting about a thing she has not done for these seven years—
Cousin John spent a week with us at commencment— Thomas returnd with him & went to haveral & is not yet come home they were both well
Lucy wants much to know if you found your china safe— you met with better luck I hope than when you came from England
Mrs Alleyn is return'd she could not be contented from her son—
Mrs Brisler has her health remarkably well— her last Baby is a Picture the other is much better & stronger than it was
Mr Cranch has been at court these ten days & had it not been for my little Boy I should have been very dull
I went the other day to make Mrs Bass a visit at your old house I have never before sat down in it, but such a variety of thoughts arose in my mind as gave me both pleasure & pain— I am determin'd not to indulge these lonely feelings—having injoy'd a good for so long a time— shall the loss of it make me overlook all my present injoyments? It shall not I will add the past to the present & anticipate good things to come: this is much more rational & more Philosophical is it not?
I did design to have added more but I have an oppertunety to send this now
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mrs Cranch / August 1789.”
1. Possibly a reference to Mather Brown's portraits of AA2 and WSS, which later hung in the parlor of the Old House; see vol. 6:xiii–xiv, 217; 7:xii–xiii, 219. Cranch had had the opportunity to meet John Adams Smith when AA2 and WSS visited Braintree earlier that year between 25 Jan. and 20 March (D/JQA/14, APM Reel 17).
2. Cornelius Durant (1732–1812) was a merchant of Boston and St. Croix. His second wife, Maria Fenno Durant, died on 5 Aug. in Little Cambridge (now Brighton). Durant's first wife, Mary Tothill Durant (b. 1729), had previously married and divorced Richard Hunt (d. 1765) of Boston and Quincy. The five-year-old child was probably a son of one of Mary's three sons from her first marriage, Richard Tothill Hunt (b. 1751), John Salmon Hunt (b. 1752), or George Shoars Hunt (b. 1754) (Waldo Lincoln, Genealogy of the Waldo Family: A Record of the Descendants of Cornelius Waldo of Ipswich, Mass., from 1647 to 1900, Worcester, 1902, p. 79; Joseph Palmer, Necrology of Alumni of Harvard College, 1851–52 to 1862–63, Boston, 1864, p. 454; W. L. G. Hunt, Genealogy of the Name and Family of Hunt, Boston, 1862–1863, p. 348).
3. Sarah (Sally) Austin (b. 1765), daughter { 397 } of Nathaniel and Anna Austin, died on 7 July (Boston Independent Chronicle, 9 July; Roger D. Joslyn, comp. and ed., Vital Records of Charlestown Massachusetts to the Year 1850, 3 vols., Boston, 1984, 1:413).
4. Hannah Carter Smith gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth Storer Smith, on 19 July. See also AA to William Smith, 10 Aug., below. Mrs. Green was the Smiths' neighbor Hannah Storer Green (1738–1811), wife of Joshua Green (1731–1806) and longtime friend of AA (U.S. Census, 1790, Mass., p. 183; vol. 5:306).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0214

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-08-09

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

If I should ask why I have not heard from my sister or Friends, for several weeks past, would she not answer me by retorting the question? in replie I could only say that I had designd writing every day for a long time, but we have had such a lassitude of weather, and such a long continuence of it, that I have really felt unfit for every thing which I was not necessitated to perform, & for many of those which I have been obligated to, from my situation, such as dressing receiving & paying visits, giving dinners &c I have never before been in a situation in which morning noon & afternoon I have been half as much exposed to company. I have laid down one rule which is, not to make any morning visits myself, and in an afternoon after six oclock I can return 15 or 20 & very seldom find any Lady to receive me, but at Richmond Hill, it is expected that I am at Home both to Gentlemen & Ladies when ever they come out, which is almost every day since I have been here, besides it is a sweet morning ride to Breakfast I propose to fix a Levey day soon. I have waited for mrs washington to begin and she has fix'd on every fryday 8 oclock. I attended upon the last, mrs smith & charles. I found it quite a crowded Room. the form of Reception is this, the servants announce—& col Humphries or mr Lear—receives every Lady at the door, & Hands her up to mrs washington to whom she makes a most Respectfull curtzey and then is seated without noticeing any of the rest of the company. the Pressident then comes up and speaks to the Lady, which he does with a grace dignity & ease, that leaves Royal George far behind him. the company are entertaind with Ice creems & Lemonade, and retire at their pleasure performing the same ceremony when they quit the Room.1 I cannot help smiling when I read the Boston puffs, that the Pressident is unmoved amidst all the dissipations of the city of New york.2 now I am wholy at a loss to determine the meaning of the writer. not a Single publick amusement is their in the whole city, no not even a publick walk, and as to Dinners, I believe their are six made in Boston to { 398 } { 399 } one here, unless it is for some particular person to whom a Number of families wish to pay attention. there are Six Senators who have their Ladies and families with them, but they are in Lodgings the chief of them, & not in a situation to give dinners— as to the mode of visiting, less time is expended in this way, than in sending word to each person & passing an afternoon with them, tho I own on the score of pleasure that would be to me the most agreeable. I have returnd more than Sixty visits all of them in 3 or 4 afternoons & excepting at the Pressidents, have drank tea only at two other places and dined but once out, since I arrived
Indeed I have been fully employd in entertaining company, in the first place all the Senators who had Ladies & families, then the remaining Senators, and this week we have begun with the House, and tho we have a room in which we dine 24 persons at a Time, I shall not get through them all, together with the publick Ministers for a month to come the help I find here is so very indifferent to what I had in England, the weather so warm that we can give only one dinner a week. I cannot find a cook in the whole city but what will get drunk, and as to the Negroes—I am most sincerely sick of them, and I can no more do without mr Brisler, than a coach could go without wheels or Horses to draw it. I can get Hands, but what are hands without a Head, and their chief object is to be as expensive as possible. this week I shall not be able to see any company unless it is to Tea—for my Family are all sick mrs smiths two Children with the Hooping cough Charles with the dysentary, Louissa & Polly with a complaint Similar. To Charles I gave a puke last night & his complaints have abated. Louissa & Polly are to take one to night. if we had not been so fortunate in our situation I do not know how we could have lived. it is very sickly in the City.
As to politicks, I presume many of the dissapointed Candidates will complain. some will quarrel with men & some with measures. I believe the Presideent Strove to get the best information he could, but there are some men who will get much said in their favour when they do not merit it.— the News papers will give you the Debates of the house to the President their system is as liberal as I could expect I leave the world to judge how it is with respect to their vice President from whom they expect more entertainment the House was New furnishd for the President & cost ten thousand Dollors as the Board of Treasury say.3 the use & improvement of this they have granted him, which is but just & right. He never rides out without six Horses to his Carriage, four Servants, & two Gentlemen { 400 } before him, this is no more state than is perfectly consistant with his station, but then I do not Love to see the News writers fib so. He is Perfectly averse to all marks of distinction say they, yet on the 4th of july when the cincinnati committee waited upon him he received them in a Regimental uniform with the Eagal most richly set with diamonds at his Button, yet the News writers will fib—to answer particular purposes—4 I think he ought to have still more state, & time will convince our Country of the necessity, of it. here I say not any thing upon the subject. it would be asscribed to a cause I dispise if I should speak my mind. I hear that the vote which mr A gave in the Senate, respecting the Removal of officers by the President independant of the senate, has been by some of his own state construed, as voting power into his own Hands—or having that in view, but his Rule through life has been to vote and act, independant of Party agreeable to the dictates of his conscience and tho on that occasion he could have wisht on account of the delicacy of his situation not to have been obliged to have determind the Question, yet falling to him, he shrunk not,5 not a word did any of our state say when his vote reduced the duty upon molasses, all was silence then they could not possibly asscribe it to any Sinister motive but uneasy wrestless Spirits are to be found in all quarters of the world.
And now my dear sister I wish to know how you do. mrs Norten Lucy not a line from either, nor a word from sister shaw.
Mr Bond will tell you that he saw us all, he was out two or three times. I wish you could come with our dear Brother Cranch & spend the Evening with us. We do not have company on Sundays. we go to meeting, but alass I do not find a dr Price. I hope I shall visit Braintree next summer. I wonder sister Smith has never written a word to Louissa. I am glad to find Tommy has got a good Chum. I hope he will continue steady. Charles studies with mr Hamilton goes to the office when his Father goes to senate & returns with him at 4 oclock.6 he has not discoverd the least inclination for getting into company and has no acquaintance but George Storer—pray make my best Regards to all my Friends, to my Mother present my duty. Remember me to mrs Palmer & family. the Beautifull prospect here from every quarter makes me regreet less than I otherways should do the spot I quitted. the rooms are lofty and was the House in good repair I should find it, very convenient for my own Family. at present we are crowded for want of Chamber Room. my family consists of 18— How does the place look. I must get my Butter all put up & sent me from Braintree. I have Breakfasted { 401 } constantly upon milk, I cannot eat the Butter here— I must write the dr upon several subjects by twesdays post. I shall not get ready by this.
pray let me hear from you. the season is plentifull. Let us rejoice & be glad Cheer up my good sister, a merry Heart does good like a medicine— we all send abundance of Love— I must go to look after my invalids
ever yours
[signed] A Adams
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters).
1. For Martha Washington's levees, see Descriptive List of Illustrations, No. 12, above.
2. The Boston Gazette, 27 July, printed a letter “From Correspondents” regarding the debate over the appropriate title for the president. The piece stated that “our beloved President stands unmoved in the vortex of folly and dissipation which the city of New-York presents—despising and rejecting titles and pecuniary emoluments with the truly republican spirit with which he has always been distinguished.”
3. A committee of the House of Representatives, which was convened to prepare a report on appropriate compensation for the president and vice president, recommended in mid-July “that it would be proper to allow the President 20,000 dollars per annum, exclusive of the expences of secretaries, clerks, furniture, carriages and horses. To the Vice President 5,000 dollars per annum.” This touched off a lengthy debate as to what the government should appropriately provide to a new president and whether or not to enumerate such additional expenses. One representative also noted that $10,000 had already been spent on preparing a house and furnishings for the Washingtons. The House ultimately moved to strike out the exclusion clause.
The debate regarding the vice president's salary focused on whether he should receive a salary or merely a per diem and in what amount. There was no discussion of paying him any additional sum for his expenses (First Fed. Cong., 11:1093, 1098–1099, 1111–1117, 1129–1130, 1131–1136).
4. On the 4th of July, members of the Society of the Cincinnati called on both Washington and JA in honor of the day, prior to proceeding first to St. Paul's Chapel and after to the City Tavern. Washington was unable to attend the events himself due to ill health. While some newspapers omitted any mention of Washington's dress in their coverage of the day's events, the New York Packet, 7 July, did note that following a military parade, the soldiers “passed the house of the President of the United States, who appeared at his door in a suit of regimentals, and was saluted by the troops as they passed.”
5. For JA's own record of the debates on the portion of the foreign affairs bill considering the president's right to remove officers unilaterally from the department of foreign affairs, see D&A, 3:217–221.
6. CA studied law with Alexander Hamilton from July to September, at which time Hamilton was appointed secretary of the treasury. CA then transferred to the law office of John Laurance, where he remained for two years (Hamilton, Papers, 5:363–364; JA to John Laurance, 19 Sept., LbC, APM Reel 115).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0215

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Smith, William
Date: 1789-08-10

Abigail Adams to William Smith

[salute] my Dear Sir

Give me leave to congratulate you & mrs Smith upon the Birth of a Daughter. I hope both the Mamma and Infant are in good Health, as well as master William my Grandchildren are much afflicted with the Hooping cough we have had a succession of extreem Hot weather, and tho we have one of the most airy situations near the { 402 } city, I have sufferd much from the Heat. It would make us very happy to see you here, and if mrs Smith should not Nurse her little one, a journey would serve her Health as soon as the weather grows cooler. mr Guild gave us the slip, quit unexpectedly. I expected to have seen him before he left New-York. tho I find many good things here, there are some, which either from local attachment, or real superiority I prefer from my own state, in concequence of which I must trouble you with a commission. it is to procure me a keg of Tongues & 2 doz Hams of mr Baldwin1 & forward them by Barnard or any other opportunity, together with the account which shall be paid to Barnard. the Hams here are misirable so is the Butter I propose getting mine all from Massachusets as soon as the weather will permitt. present me affectionatly to all my Friends and / be assured of the sincere Regard / of your affectionate Friend
[signed] A Adams
RC (MHi:Smith-Townsend Papers); addressed by WSS: “Mr: William Smith. / Merchant / Boston”; endorsed: “New York. Augt 89 / A Adams—”
1. Enoch Baldwin, a butcher, operated first out of Faneuil Hall and later from Salt Lane in Boston (Boston, 27th Report, p. 20, 23; Boston Directory, 1796, p. 15).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0216

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-09-01

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

I Received your kind Letters and meant sooner to have replied to them, but many avocations have prevented me. I am fully apprizd of all you mention in your Letter respecting your situation and wanted no apoligies for your conduct, but I still insist upon what I first wrote you, & it will pain me to hear you say any thing more upon the subject I never could apply it more to my satisfaction, I shall never I trust feel the want of it, if I should and you are in a situation to render me service, I will then accept it— I regreet that it is not in my power to assist my Friends more than I do, but bringing our minds to our circumstances is a duty encumbent upon us we have lived through dangerous times, and have reason to be thankfull that we are still in possession of our Liberty & so much of our property; yet still there is no reason in our being cheated by our Friends as well as Robbed by our Enemies. I have reason to think that congress will take up the matter and Fund the Debt. I wish they would set about it before they adjournd or rather defered their adjournment, till they had compleated more buisness but they have had arduous work, and want a respit.1
{ 403 }
I fear they will Remove from this place I am too happy in the situation of it, I fear to have it lasting I am every day more & more pleased with it; should they go to Philadelphia I do not know how I could possibly live through the voilent Heats but sufficient to the day; I am sorry to hear mrs Norten is unwell, but from your Letter suppose her situation will be mended by time and you will e'er long know that a Grandchild is almost as near to your Heart as your own children;2 my little Boys delight me and I should feel quite melancholy without them William came from his Gandmamma Smiths an almost ruind child, but I have brought him to be a fine Boy now.
my dear Lucy I long to see her I am glad she is gone from home to amuse herself a little. I wish she could come to Richmond Hill and she would say it was the most delightfull spot she ever saw. my Love to her and cousin William. Louissa is worried that her Mother does not write to her—I really am surprizd that she has not written a single line either to me or to her, because I wrote to her before I left home3 and I cannot suppose that she could take any umbrage at my taking her away; I wish you would write to her and let her know that Louissa is uneasy upon the subject, and has written to her I believe more than once.
I wish you would be so good as see if you can procure me two dozen Bottles of Rose water and send by Barnard who has saild for Boston.
I propose to have Louissa inoculated for the small pox this month. I have now nearly got through all the company that we propose to dine this Session & I have not heard, that any of them were so near being [. . .] as to render it necessary to apply to the Humane Society. the Spirit of Rebellion is not yet quell'd in Massachusets, the coals are blowing again and with a malice truly infernal, what will not dissapointed ambition Stick at?

“oh what a world is this, when what is comely

 envenoms him that bears it,

Be thou as chast as Ice, as pure as snow

Thou shalt not escape calumny”4

pray present my duty to my worthy mother & a kind remembrance to all inquiring Friends and be assured that I am my dear sister most affectionately / Yours
A Adams
ps I find the Author of the Libel (for such it is,) calld the Dangerous vice, is Ned Church, a dissapointed Seeker but why his { 404 } malice should thus vent itself against mr A I know not, unless he thought himself neglected by him I remember he wrote a letter to mr A when we were abroad soliciting the place of consul to Lisbon which mr A never answerd. I have past him I recollect two or three times in comeing from Town & I rember now that mrs Smith observed to me that he look'd so surly she hated to see him. It appears now that he offerd this peice to the Printers here who all refused to be concernd with it, he sent it Boston & took himself off to Georgia.5 he never was the person that either visited or spoke a word to mr A. since he has been in N York mr A says, that one day at the Presidents Levee he was Speaking to the Pressident & Church bowed to him. he could not whilst addressing the President return his bow with Propriety. his intention was to have gone & spoken to him afterwards, but the Room being full he did not see him afterwards. this I suppose Church construed into Pride and contempt, & being dissapointed in obtaining a place from the Pressident, he vented all his malice upon the vice, & conceiving the Topick he took to be a popular one he has discoverd a temper as fit for Rebellion murder Treason as his unfortunate Brother.6 I could wish that the Author might be fully known to the publick with regard to the subject of a proper title for the Pressident mr A never has or will disguise his opinion, because he thinks that the stability of the Government will in a great measure rest upon it. Yet the subject here is scarcly mentiond, & the Boston News papers have rung more changes upon it, than all the News papers in the united states besides I think in holding up Church to view, it would not be amiss to state his conduct with regard to the spanish vessel7
It was a relief to my mind to find the Author Church. I was really apprehensive that a Female pen had been dipt in full in concequence of dissapointed views a Brute to attack me who never in thought word or deed offended him, or have ever been in this Country to Ball's plays or Routes, but malice was his motive & Revenge his object. the vice Pressident ten times to one goes to Senate in a one Horse chaise, and Levee's we have had none. the Pressident only, has his powderd Lackies waiting at the door, so that under a Hipocritical mask he attacks one & hold the other impiously up & stiles him a saviour & God how inconsistant, railing at Titles & giving those which belong to the deity. How must a wretch feel who can harbour Such a temper?—
{ 405 }
but adieu my dear sister, thus it is to be seated high. I pray Heaven to give me a conscience void of offence, and then the curse causeless shall not come8
Your affectionatly
[signed] A A
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed by WSS: “Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree.”
1. Congress did not take up the question of funding the debt until its second session in spring 1790 (First Fed. Cong., 3:381, 399).
2. Jacob and Elizabeth Cranch Norton had their first child, Richard Cranch Norton, on 12 March 1790 (History of Weymouth, 4:444).
3. Not found.
4. AA is combining her Shakespeare quotations. The first two lines are from As You Like It, Act II, scene iii, lines 14–15; the second two are from Hamlet, Act III, scene i, lines 140–141.
5. In Aug. 1789, Edward Church (1740–1816), initially of Boston and later of Georgia, published a satirical poem entitled “The Dangerous Vice ——” in Boston (Evans, No. 21736). It attacked JA as “Ye lucky Fav'rites! dandled—G——d knows why! / In the soft lap of pamper'd luxury; / Who reap the harvest of the lab'rer's toil, / And thankless batten on unlawful spoil; / Who drain your country of her stinted store, / And wasting thousands—yawn for thousands more” (lines 4–9).
Three years earlier, on 14 Jan. 1786, Church had written to JA (Adams Papers) requesting to be appointed U.S. consul at Lisbon, a letter JA apparently never answered. Prior to the publication of the poem in 1789, he had also approached George Washington and Henry Knox seeking an office. In June 1790, he was finally appointed consul at Bilbao, although he never served, and in 1792, consul at Lisbon, where he remained until 1796 (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 14:389–393).
6. For Benjamin Church, Edward Church's brother, who was jailed for treason during the Revolution, see JA, D&A, 3:384–385.
7. In 1782 and 1783, the Continental Congress received complaints from the governors of Cuba and New Orleans regarding the seizure of the Spanish ship San Antonio in the Gulf of Mexico by the Massachusetts privateer Patty, owned by Edward Church. The Massachusetts courts eventually ruled the seizure illegal and a violation of neutral rights (Smith, Letters of Delegates, 20:144–146; JCC, 24:227–228).
8. “As the bird by wandering, as the swallow by flying, so the curse causeless shall not come” (Proverbs, 26:2).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0217

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Tufts, Cotton
Date: 1789-09-01

Abigail Adams to Cotton Tufts

with regard to politicks the debates of the House will give you an Idea of them, as yet there has been but little Heat upon any Subject, but there is a questions comeing on with regard to the permanant Residence of congress which I fear will create parties, & much vexation. I should think that in the present state of their treasury, an expence so unnecessary ought to be avoided as even removeing to Philadelphia. every person here who have not sufficient funds of their own has been obliged to Borrow of the Bank for to supply their daily necessities and I do not Imagine that the publick could derive any essential Benifit from a Removal, for my own part I dread this continual Roling.
{ 406 }
With Regard to my own domestick affairs I scarcly know what to write. I think it would be adviseable to Let our whole place & House together provided any gentleman wanted it, as early in the spring as might be. the Boat & Cart had better remain, particularly the cart than be under sold Such is the uncertainty of all Humane affairs, that we may wish to return to the use of them sooner than is apprehended and not even be in possession of sufficient cash to purchase them. the Butter upon Pratts Farm I should like to have put up for me, & some cheese. we give for every pound of butter here 18 pence Hogs lard is an other article which I propose getting from home. Ham's are as much better with us as can well be conceived; Field was to render to you half the produce of the Garden. I am happy to learn that Thomas has a good Chamber Mate, much depends upon that. Charles is very attentive to the Buisness of the office, but I fear will lose his master, by his becomeing a minister of state. mr Hamilton is talked of for that department. mr Adams is well and will write to you soon. the Senate are so close to Buisness & he frequently has so much reading to do & such constant attention to the debates, that he comes home quite exhausted & unable to take his pen our situation is a very Beautifull one and I feel in that respect quite happy, but I find myself much more exposed to company than in any situation which I have ever before been in. the morning is a time when strangers who come to Nyork expect to find mr Adams at home. this brings us Breakfast company besides it is a sweet morning retreat for fresh air & a cool Breize. I should like to visit my friends during the adjournment but our Finnances will not admit of much travelling.
mr King makes a very Respectable figure as a Senator, and mr Ames does credit to our state. mr Madisson is a very amiable character a man of virtue & probity. mr G—— what can I say, you see him always in the minority, you see him very frequently wrong and the poor man looks gastly. I believe he is woried mortified and quite in the Horrors a constant correspondent of W——n—& his wife all of whom see nothing but Ruin & destruction before them, & who will again set our state by the ears if possible—watch them closely. I have only Room to add yours / Sincerely
[signed] A Adams
RC (NHi:Misc. Mss. Adams, Abigail); endorsed: “Mrs. A. Adams 1790.”
1. The letter is a fragment and missing at least its first page and possibly more. The dateline appears at the bottom of the final page, near the signature.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0218

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Thomas Boylston
Date: 1789-09-02

John Adams to Thomas Boylston Adams

[salute] My dear Son

I have this morning received your manly letter of 25th Ult.—1 I had long intended to write you but as you observe avocations have always intervened. Public business my son, must always be done by somebody.— it will be done by somebody or other— If wise men decline it others will not: if honest men refuse it, others will not. A young man should well weigh his plans. Integrity should be preserved in all events, as essential to his happiness, thro every stage of his existence. His first maxim then, should be to place his honor out of the reach of all men: In order to this he must make it a rule never to become dependant on public employments for subsistence. Let him have a trade a profession a farm a shop, something where by he can honestly live, and then he may engage in public affairs, if invited, upon independant principles. My advice to my children, is to maintain an independant character, tho' in poverty and obscurity: neither riches nor illustration will console a man under the reflection that he has acted a mean a mercenary part, much less a dishonest one— Your handwriting and your style are in my eye and judgment, beautiful— go on my son pursue your mathematics and your morals. Come with your brother, and be here at the meeting of Congress on the first of December. Then we will converse upon these and other subjects, mean time write me, if it is but a line every week.
Your father
[signed] J Adams
LbC in WSS's hand (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mr Thomas B Adams / Student Harvard Colledge”; APM Reel 115. Tr (Adams Papers).
1. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0219

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-09-08

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I am quite discourag'd writing by the Post I know not if you have ever receiv'd one Letter Which I have sent by them I have sent two long ones the Last I put into the office a month ago last Saturday.1 I should have written oftener if I had not suspected that Letters directed to Mr Adams where taken out by somebody who had no right to them— I hope I am mistaken—but I cannot conceive why you have not got many Letters which have been sent you; Doctor Tufts { 408 } thinks his have met with the same fate as he has receiv'd no answers to many which he has sent you. Mr Cranch wrote to Mr Adams in July & inclos'd a Letter to Mr Bond giving him an account of his sister Ebbits sudden Death.2 mr Bond wrote a Letter to Mr Foster a fortnight after this & had not then heard of it. I inclos'd a letter in my last to you for Mrs Brisler to her Husband she has just receiv'd a Letter from him dated the 30th of August & she says it does not appear that he had receiv'd it which makes me think mine has not reach'd you. I shall be very sorry indeed if it has not as I had written things which I should be unwitting any body should see but you— I wish you would number your Letters for the future I will mine—& I shall write by private hands as much as I can. Mr Charles Ward Althorp will return to new york soon I sha[ll wr]ite by him—.3 we are all well I have heard fr[om] Haverhill Newbury & Cambridg our connexions there were also in health
old Deacon Webb has left us. he dy'd last week.4 Mrs Hall was at meeting a Sabbath day but complain'd much of her Eyes
The last Letter I receiv'd from you was dated the 9th of August & gave me an account of the sick state of your Family I have been waiting impatiently to hear further I hope Mrs Smiths children will not have the cough bad. poor little creatures I feel anxious for them— I do not wonder you were all sick— The weather was so very hot here that I some times thought we should be made sick too but a finer season for every kind of produce I never saw— the air has been remarkably clear tho so very hot—owing I suppose to the thunder so frequent at the south ward
I have seen the Fragment—

“Her end when, Emulation misses

She turns to envy—stings & hisses[”]5

Pray write as often as you can— It is one of the greatest comforts I have—to receive such proofs of the affection of my Sister—
remember me kindly to all my Freinds and accept the warmest affection of your Sister
[signed] M C
RC (Adams Papers); addressed by Richard Cranch: “To / Mrs. Abigail Adams / Lady of the Vice President. / Richmond-Hill, near / New York”; docketed: “M Cranch to / A Adams / 1789.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. 30 July and 2 Aug., both above.
2. Richard Cranch's letter to JA has not been found. William Bond's sister-in-law, Ebbett Cranch, a niece of Richard Cranch, died at Falmouth, Mass. (now Maine), in July (MHi:Cranch-Bond Papers, Extract from a Register of the Bond and Cranch Families, 1852).
3. For Charles Ward Apthorp, see vol. 6:411.
4. Deacon Jonathan Webb of Braintree { 409 } died on 1 Sept. at age 92 (Sprague, Braintree Families, p. 5387R).
5. Jonathan Swift, “Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift,” lines 35–36.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0220

Author: Tufts, Cotton
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-09-15

Cotton Tufts to Abigail Adams

[salute] Dear Madam—

Your Favour of the 1st. Inst. I recd the 11st. and shall give orders to Pratt relative to the Butter &c Not having received an Answer to Mine respecting the Cart &c and finding no Opportunity to dispose of the Cart to Advantage I got Lt. Bates to apprize it which he sat at £7.10.0 and had concluded to take it to my own Use if you approved of it, but as you think it will not be best to sell—I wish to use it till the Spring & will account with you therefore— The Mud Boat I have got to Weymouth and found that it wanted the Eye of a Master— I do not expect that it will fetch more than £10 or £12. if sold as Gondalos that will serve the same Purpose have been sold at that Rate—I shall not However dispose of it without particular Directions tho I am of opinion it will be best to sell it if any Thing near the Worth can be obtained— Adams informs me that He must leave the House (at Boston) if the Rent is not reduced—1 I fear I shall not be able any longer to get £40 per annl from any Person, as Rents are exceeding low and but little Money in Circulation As soon as may be I wish to know your Mind on this Subject as well as with Respect to the Mode of adjusting Our Account whether it is agreable that Mrs. Cranch should audit it as heretofore— You will be so kind as let Cousin John, know that I answerd his Draught on me as soon as I became possessed of it being a Day or two after he left Boston—2
I wish to know what Papers are forwarded to you from the Printers at Boston and whether you would have all of them sent on—
The Author of the scurrilous Poem referred to in yours is well known here and it is generally reputed and considered as the Work of a malicious & disappointed Seeker—3 it appears to me to be a Stab upon the President through the Side of the Vice President and as paving the Way for an Attack upon Him, whenever a favorable Opportunity shall present— Too many there are to our Sorrow, that can never be contented but in Broils & Contests, Wishing to embroil Government, and to throw our publick Affairs into Confusion, they are seeking every Occasion to gratify their restless Spirits and to wriggle themselves into Places favorable to their Desig[ns] But as they are generally devoid of Principle, they sooner or later fall into the Pit which they have diggd for others—
{ 410 }
Be pleased to remember me to Mr Adams & your Children—and accept of the best Wishes / of Your Affectionate Friend & H Ser
[signed] Cotton Tufts
RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mrs. Abigail Adams—” Some loss of text due to a torn manuscript.
1. That is, Thomas Adams, editor of the Boston Independent Chronicle, who was renting the Adamses' Court Street house in Boston (vol. 7:424, 425–426, note 6).
2. JQA recorded in his Diary on 7 Sept.: “I found the stage to Providence will go tomorrow morning at 4 o'clock. being destitute of cash, I obtained of my friend J. Phillips the loan of a sum sufficient for my journey, for which I drew an order upon Dr. Tufts” (D/JQA/12, APM Reel 15).
3. See AA to Mary Smith Cranch, 1 Sept., note 5, above.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0221

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Shaw, Elizabeth Smith
Date: 1789-09-27

Abigail Adams to Elizabeth Smith Shaw

I write to you my dear sister, not from the disputed Banks of the Potowmac, the Susquehanna or the deleware, but from the peace-full Borders of the Hudson, a situation where the Hand of Nature has so lavishly display'd her Beauties, that she has left scarcly any thing, for her Handmaid Art, to perform.
The House in which we reside is situated upon a Hill, the Avenue to which is intersperced with Forest Trees under which a shubery rather too Luxurient and wild, has taken Shelter, owing to its having been deprived by death some years Since, of its original proprieter who kept it in perfect order. in Front of the House the Noble Hudson rools his Majestick waves bearing upon his Bosom innumerable small vessels which are constantly [. . .]ing the rich product of the Neighbouring soil to the buisy hand of a more extensive Commerce. Beyond the Hudson rises to our view the fertile country of the Jersies, coverd with a golden Harvest, & pouring forth plenty like the cornicapia of Ceres. on the right Hand an extensive plain presents us with a view of Fields coverd with verdure and pastures full of cattle, on the left, the city opens upon us, intercepted only by clumps of Trees, & some rising ground, which serves to heighten the Beauty of the scene, by appearing to conceal a part on the back Ground is a large flower garden inclosed with a Hedge and some very handsome Trees. on one side is a Grove of pines & oaks fit for contemplation—

“in this path

how long soe'er the wanderer Roves each step

shall wake fresh beauties; each short point present

A different picture, New and yet the Same”1

{ 411 }
if my days of Fancy and Romance were not past, I could find here an ample field for indulgence, yet amidst these delightfull scenes of Nature, my Heart pants for the society of my dear Relatives and Friends who are too far removed from me. I wish most Sincerely to return & pass the Recess of Congress at my Habitation at Braintree, but the season of the year to which they have adjourned renders the attempt impractacable, tho I am not the only person who question there making a congress again till April, but the punctuality of mr Adams to all publick Buisness would oblige him strickly to adhere to the day of adjournment, however inconvenient it might prove to him.2 he has never been absent from his Daily duty in Senate a single hour from their first meeting, and the last months Buisness has press'd so hard that his Health appears to require a recess.
Shall I ask my Sister why she has not writen me a line since I came to this place. with regard to myself I own I have been cautious of writing. I know that I stand in a delicate situation. I am fearfull of touching upon political subjects yet perhaps there is no person who feels more interested in them, and upon this occasion I may congratulate my country upon the late judicial appointments, in which an assemblage of the greatest talants and abilities are united, which any Country can Boast of, Gentlemen in whom the publick have great confidence & who will prove durable pillars in support of our Government3
Mr Jefferson is nominated for Secretary of state in the room of mr Jay who is made chief Justice thus have we the fairest prospect of setting down under our own vine's in peace, provided the wrestless spirit of certain characters who foam & frett, are permitted only their hour upon the Stage and then shall no more be heard, off, or permitted to sow the seeds of discord amongst the real defenders of the Faith
Mrs Smith has written to you.4 she is now at Jamiaca with her youngest son. Louissa is well, & soon to be inoculated for the small pox. present me kindly to mr & mrs Thaxter, and to the little Namesake5 God Bless him for his Parents sake & long preserve them to each other. your Nephew J Q Adams hurries me so least he should miss sending his Letters by this post, that I am obligd to break of more abruptly than I designd and subscribe my self most affectionately / yours
Love to mr Shaw & to master & miss Shaw— Remember me to my Neice E Smith and to all other Friends
[signed] A Adams
{ 412 }
RC (DLC:Shaw Family Papers); addressed by AA2: “Mrs: E. Shaw. / Haverhill.”; notation: “Octr. 2. Favord. by Mr. W Smith.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. William Mason, The English Garden: A Poem. In Four Books, Book 1, lines 212–215.
2. On 26 Sept., the Senate agreed to adjourn on 29 September. The body reconvened on 4 Jan. 1790 though it did not achieve a quorum until 6 Jan. (First Fed. Cong., 1:207, 213).
3. On 24 Sept. 1789, George Washington nominated John Jay to become the first chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. At the same time, he nominated John Rutledge, James Wilson, William Cushing, Robert H. Harrison, and John Blair as associate justices. All but Harrison, who was unable to take his seat due to ill health, eventually served in some capacity (Doc. Hist. Supreme Court, 1:1–2, 9).
4. Not found.
5. For the birth of John Adams Thaxter, see Shaw to Mary Smith Cranch, 26 Nov. 1788, and note 2, above.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0222

Author: Cranch, William
Recipient: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1789-10-01

William Cranch to John Quincy Adams

[salute] My Good friend—

Altho I have written you before, I know you have no objection to recieving another letter before you answer my last—1 My greatest motive for writing now is to know the truth of a Report which has been industriously spread here within this week past, “that there is so great a Coolness between the P——t & V-P——t that they do not speak to each other.” I know that there are some people, (I hope but few) who wish to cherish a jealously in the minds of the good people of Massachusetts, towards the Vice President— I have some reason to think that Dr. Demigog is one—2 And I doubt a little whether your father's quondam pupil, (with a flat nose) may not be another.3 He seems to be crazy after the phantom popularity. The aforesaid Dr. and he are very intimate, of late— It is said too that the Vice President's influence is much diminished. And as a proof, it is said that judge Tudor has lost the Office of Attorney to this district in the federal Court—4 All these things are said by a certain set of people in this town, with a view to detract from the Character of a man who has done more for his Country than any other man, now in it— I have attended but very little to politics lately—but this has caught my Ear as I passed— I know not but that the distinction of Southern & Northern may have an Influence even upon the greatest Man, But I cannot believe it. The people of the new England States are crazy. They are divided among themselves. They can not see their own Interest—blind as Beetles—
I was at Exhibition Tuesday last— Your Brother was well— Dr Tufts was in town to day—[. . .] [. . .]erting—
{ 413 }
I wish you would give the [enclosed?] letter, to Charles— He will be so kind as to deliver it— [. . .] you have recd your Coat— Our friends at Braintree were well this Morning—
Your sincere friend
[signed] Wm. Cranch
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mr John Quincy Adams / New York”; docketed: “Wm Cranch / October 1st 1789.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. Not found.
2. Perhaps Dr. Charles Jarvis (1748–1807), Harvard 1766, who had a long history of service to the city of Boston and had recently been elected to the Mass. General Court. In his Autobiography, JA wrote of Jarvis' “virulence against me,” possibly connected to the animosity between JA and Edward Church, who was Jarvis' cousin (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 16:376–383; JA, D&A, 3:384–385; AA to Mary Smith Cranch, 1 Sept., and note 5, above).
3. Probably Jonathan Mason Jr.
4. Judge William Tudor, JA's former law student, wrote to JA on 27 July (Adams Papers) about the maneuvering for judicial appointments going on in Massachusetts. Tudor noted to JA that “to no Person but to yourself . . . have I ever hinted a Wish to be noticed in the Places that must soon be disposed of. But you will now give me leave to say that I should be pleased with an appointment to some Office (the advocateship is now out of the Question) which my Education might enable me to discharge the Duties of.” JA replied on 18 Sept. (MHi: Tudor-Adams Papers) counseling patience: “how the President will decide, on the judiciary Appointments I know not.— There is no System nor Harmony among the Men from Massachusetts—one recommends one, and another another. Dont you be chagrin'd, mortified humiliated nor vexed let it go as it will.” Tudor did not receive any appointment but was eventually admitted to practice law before the district and circuit courts in 1796 (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 17:261).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0223

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-10-04

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

I wrote you a Letter last week, but as it did not get to the Post office, I have detaind it with an intention of sending you one of a later date. I believe I have received all your Letters. your last was dated Sepbr 8th I have not written to any of my Friends so often as I ought to. you know very well that when a person is fixed to any particular spot, that very few subjects worth communicating can occur. as I have not been to any publick amusement, I cannot say any thing upon that score, but I can tell you something which may well excite your surprize. it is that I have cause every Sunday to regreet the loss of Parson Wibird, and that I should realy think it an entertainment to hear a discourse from him. do not however tell him so, but except three sermons which three NewEngland Clergymen have preachd to us, I have been most misirably off. Dr Rogers where we usually attend, has been unable to preach ever since I have been here1 and the pulpit has been supplied as they could procure Labourers—by { 414 } Gentlemen who preach without Notes, all of whom are predestinarians and whose Noise & vehemence is to compensate for every other difficency to go to meeting & set an hours & half to hear a discourse the principals of which are so totally different from my own sentiments, that I cannot possibly believe them, is really doing penance. I have sometimes gone to St Pauls.2 there I find much more liberal discourses, but bred a desenter and approveing that mode of worship, I feel a reluctance at changing tho I would always go to church, if I resided where there was no other mode of worship. the Clergymen here I am told are so Rigid that their company is very little sought after. they never mix with their people as they do with us, and there is in there Air and countanances that solemn Phiz and gate which looks so like mummery that instead of Reverence they create disgust, and they address theirfoll Audience with so much self importance, and Priestly despotisim, that I am really surprizd at their having any men of sense and abilities for their hearers; I have seen but one exception to this character & that in a dr Lynd who is really the best & most liberal of the whole sett.3 we have in Massachusetts a sett of clergy that are an honour to Religion, to Learning, & to our country, and for whom I feel an increased esteem & veneration since my Residence in Newyork. I do not however mean by my remarks that they are not Religious moral men here. I never heard a Syllable to their injury, but they certainly are men of very mean capacities when compared to those of our state. there is no man of esteemed eminence amongst them even as a divine
The adjournment of Congress leaves me a leisure which I most sincrely wish I could improve in visiting Braintree. if they had honestly adjournd to April, I say honestly for many of the southern members will not get here till then, I should not have hesitated in comeing on immediatly & spending the winter with my dear Friends in B. but it has been my Lot to be fetterd one way or an other. the liberality of Congress obliged me to remove most of my furniture so as to make it quite inconvenient for us to pass a part of our Time at our own Home, without being at a Considerable expence, and the prospect of a return in december very much discourages me in my progect. mr Adams's close & unremitting attention to Buisness during Six months, has made a journey quite necessary for him, yet he will not go unless it is to his own Home. my son J Q A proposes returning this week to Boston & Brisler leaves me tomorrow.4 How the machine will get on without him I know not. I have offerd him what I esteem very liberal wages, & double what I can get others for, { 415 } { 416 } who would perform the mechanical part of Buisness as well perhaps as he but I know not where to find Honour Honesty integrity & attachment. he pleads the state of his family which I know it would be difficult to remove, but 200 dollars pr year are not so easily earned in massachusetts, and are really more than we can afford. he has it at his option to return if he cannot succeed at home. I do not wish my offer to be known, and I think he will find it difficult to support his Family when he once comes to stand upon his own legs for them; which he has never yet done. From six years trial of him I can give him the best of characters, and I never expect to find an other so particularly calculated for me and my Family his Errors are those of Judgment or rather the want of judgment and upon that Rock I am fearfull he will Split, when he comes to act for himself.—the Letter you mention for mr Bond was Sent directly to his Lodgings upon our receiving it.
I hope the appointments in the judicial Line will give Satisfaction, notwithstanding some dissapointments. if I may judge by the News papers, there is no state in the union where there are so many grumblers as in our own. it has been my Lot in Life to spend a large portion of it in publick Life, but I can truly say the pleasentest part of it was spent at the foot of pens Hill in that Humble cottage when my good Gentleman was a practitioner at the Bar, earnt his money, during the week, & at the end of it poured it all into my Lap to use or what could be Spaired to lay by. nobody then grudgd us our living, & 25 years such practise would have given us a very different Property from what we now possess. it might not have given us the 2d Rank in the united states, nor the satisfaction of reflecting by what means & whose exertions these states have arrived at that degree of Liberty Safety & independance which they now enjoy. if the united states had chosen to the vice P.s Chair a man wavering in his opinions, or one who sought the popular applause of the multitude, this very constitution would have had its death wound during this first six months of its existance. on several of the most trying occasions it has fallen to this dangerous vice, to give the casting vote for its Life—there are several members of the House & some of the S——e who are to say no worse wild as—Bedlammites but hush—I am speaking treason. do not you betray me
Remember me kindly to all inquiring Friends—and believe me my dear sister / Yours most / affectionatly
[signed] A Adams
{ 417 }
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters).
1. Rev. John Rodgers (1727–1811) was the pastor of the Presbyterian church of New York, which was divided between two churches, one at Wall Street near Broadway and the other at the corner of Beekman and Nassau streets. Rodgers, who had trained for the ministry under Gilbert Tennent, served the New York parish from 1765 until his death, though he was forced to vacate his post during the British occupation of the city (Jonathan Greenleaf, A History of the Churches, of All Denominations, in the City of New York, N.Y., 1846, p. 126–133; Sprague, Annals Amer. Pulpit, 3:154–165).
2. St. Paul's Chapel, an extension of Trinity Episcopal Church, opened in 1766 between Fulton and Vesey streets. George Washington attended services there, and it is today the oldest public building in continuous use in New York City (Greenleaf, History of the Churches, p. 61–62; www.saintpaulschapel.org, 26 Jan. 2006). See also Descriptive List of Illustrations, No. 13, above.
3. Rev. William Linn (1752–1808), Princeton 1772, was a Presbyterian and Dutch Reformed minister and schoolteacher originally from Pennsylvania. In 1786 he was called to become associate pastor of the Collegiate Dutch Reformed Church in New York. During his tenure there, his reputation was such that he was also invited to become the first chaplain to the House of Representatives, beating out John Rodgers for the position (Princetonians, 2:231–235).
4. JQA recorded in his Diary that he left New York on 5 Oct. aboard the Rambler, arriving in Newport on 6 October. He continued by stage, arriving at Boston on 8 Oct. and Braintree on 9 Oct. (D/JQA/14, APM Reel 17).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0224

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Tufts, Cotton
Date: 1789-10-05

Abigail Adams to Cotton Tufts

[salute] Dear sir

Your favour of 15 sepbr I have not yet replied to. with regard to the House, I wish it was as moveable an article as a Carriage I would then get you to send it by Barnard to Newyork where I should meet with no difficulty in getting four hundred Dollors rent. now I should be glad to get as much for the 5 Houses we own in Braintree together with the Farms belonging to them.1 the expence of living here is Double I believe in all most every article, in wood & Hay including the carting three times as much; for Instance, the carts here are very small drawn buy two Horses. they carry only 100 foot of wood at a time so that it costs four shillings to convey a Cord of wood about the distance from your House to mr Nortens. to this you must add four shillings more for sawing it, and your wood costs 5 dollors pr cord, and this is the lowest rate trust the Dutch to make their penny worths out of you.—
the House being in Boston we must take what we can get, say 36 or 34, but let them go out rather than let it for less than 30. the cart you may use when you please. the Scow mr Adams thinks had better lye by than be sold so low provided any shelter can be found. the tools that remain you will let them lye for the present. we have been very near determining to come home & spend the winter, & nothing prevents us but the foolish adjournment of congress to a period { 418 } when they know the Southern members will not come, so that a part of the Body only will be here a useless expence to the states. had they set one month more & then adjournd to April, it would have been much more convenient. by the way I see the Boston Newspapers report that congress agreed to Borrow 50 thousand dollors of the Banks of Newyork & Phyladelphia as the Bill past the Senate the united states were to be at no expence at all. Pensilvania was to erect the Buildings & make every accommodation at their own expence, but the whole is happily posponed.2 it was unwise to bring on a subject which must necessaryly involve them in dispute, before any means was devised for the payment of publick creditors, or any way markd out for discharging the publick debt—
my good sir when do you give me an Aunt? or am I now to congratulate you upon that event.3 be it when it will, I most sincerly rejoice in any circumstance which may tend to augment your happiness. my best Respects to the Lady of your choice. I doubt not that she has great personal merit, and is certainly entitled to my esteem & Regard on that account, but the Relation in which you are about to place her shall be followd by all that respect & Reverence which my Heart pays to worth like that to which she is to be united, and may God Bless you together is the very sincere wish of dear / Sir your affectionate / Neice
[signed] A Adams
PS Remember me kindly to mr & mrs Tufts to mr & mrs Norten & cousin Lucy Jones
mr Adams wishes you to send by dr Craigy or any private Hand a Box of such pills as I brought for him when I came
RC (NHi:Misc. Mss. Adams, Abigail); addressed by AA2: “Honble: Cotton Tufts / Boston”; endorsed: “Mrs. Abigl. Adams's / Lett—Octo. 5. 1789.”
1. Besides the Old House, the Adamses owned four additional homes in Braintree, along with considerable additional acreage: JA's childhood home (the John Adams Birthplace), which JA purchased from his brother, Peter Boylston Adams; the home where JA and AA lived prior to their time in Europe (the John Quincy Adams Birthplace), which JA inherited from his father; a house purchased from Joseph Palmer in 1771; and another house purchased from William and Sarah Veasey in 1788 (vol. 1:23, 2:252; “An Account of the Real Estate of Honr. Jno. Adams Esq. lying in Braintree & Milton,” [post Sept. 1787], Adams Papers, Wills and Deeds; Adams Papers, Adams Office Manuscripts, Box 2, folder 13).
2. The “Act to Establish the Seat of Government”—to determine a permanent home for the new federal government in Pennsylvania—was first introduced in the House of Representatives on 14 Sept., where it was eventually approved. But the Senate, after considerable debate, decided on 28 Sept. to postpone action on it until the next session. Prior to the formal introduction of the bill, early discussion of the residence issue included the suggestion of borrowing money for the purpose, with the figure of $100,000 the most frequently cited in the Boston newspapers (First Fed. Cong., 1:203; 3:206, 222; 11:1457–1459; Massachusetts Centinel, 12 Sept.).
{ 419 }
3. Cotton Tufts married his second wife, Susanna Warner (1754–1832) of Gloucester, on 22 Oct. (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 12:499).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0225

Author: Copley, Susanna Clarke
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-10-06

Susanna Clarke Copley to Abigail Adams

[salute] Dear Madam

Your Favor of July 14th: I duely received,1 and feel myself not a little flattered by your kind remembrance, and shall be ever highly gratified in retaining the friendship which flows from so good and benvolent an heart as you possess: as in this state we have very often occation to lament the seperation from those we esteem: so we have had much reason to regret the loss of yourself, and worthy Family from our society: but shall all ways take great delight in hearing of yours, and their prosperity
Indeed my dear Madam shining abilities: (as well as virtues) are so necessary for the Public Welfare; that they will be drawn forth from the private shade of domestic Felicity, and happy is it for the world when they are; as they cannot fail of stimulateing to Virtue, and all will admire, even where they may fail of invitation— The Friends of America here, are felicitateing them selves uppon the wisdom which their Country have shone in choice of their Senators, and which we sincerely hope, will be productive of its prosperity: as well as of that, of those individuals who are acting for them. Mr: Copley desires to join me in respectful Compliments to your self, Mr: Adams, Colonel, and Mrs. Smith; it gives me pleasure to hear of the increase of Mrs: Smiths happiness; (as I look uppon every addition to her Family in that light) and most sincerely hope that they will be renderd lasting comforts to her, and hers.—
By Captain Scoot I had the pleasure to send the Silk according to your direction, and hope I have not exceeded the price that might have been expected, I found it difficult to get a lutestring with any kind of Figure as that kind of Silk is too thin to admit of it, and the Stripes for Mourning are of so little variety and rather common; so that I have sent a gray Silk of a little better quality with a Spot, which is suitable, either for Spring, or Autumn, as well as for winter, and Shall be very happy if it Should prove to be what might be Wished for. the silk was 6s. 6d pr: Yrd: and as it was not quit so wide as a lutestring have sent 20 Yrd. instead of 18
I should have done myself the pleasure of writing sooner had not my absence from Town prevented my knowing when the Vessels have sailed for New York: My dear Betsys health has required my { 420 } spending the chief of the summer with her in the Country, and I am very sensiable that you my dear Madam; will rejoice with me in the present prospect which I have of her perfect resotration. I left her a short time since with my Father at Tunbridge Wells, as I wish her have all the benefit she can from the country before the winter takes place—2
Prehaps this may find the Docr., and Mrs Jefferies in New York as they where uncertain in what part of America they should fix when they left us, but I hope where ever it may be that Success may accompany them,3 we are now about parting with another Friend, this is indeed not plasant; I had much rather this pleaseing commodity Should be brought to us— by Mr Trumbull you will be informed of every particular with regard to this place as well as of your Friends in it, and therefore I will not intrude farther uppon you at this time, than to beg your acceptance of my best wishes for your / health and happiness / and beleive me to be / Madam, with great estee / Your Friend, / and, Humble Servant
[signed] S: Copley
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mrs Copley october / 6th 1790.”
1. Not found.
2. Richard Clarke (1711–1795), Harvard 1729, lived in London with his daughter and son-in-law. The Copleys' daughter, Elizabeth Clarke (1770–1866), eventually married Gardiner Greene in 1800 (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 8:550, 561; Martha Babcock Amory, The Domestic and Artistic Life of John Singleton Copley, repr. edn., N.Y., 1969, p. 108, 440).
3. Dr. John Jeffries and his second wife, Hannah Hunt Jeffries, arrived in Boston in November, welcomed by JA among others (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 15:425–426).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0226

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-10-11

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

Mr Adams Sets of tomorrow morning on a visit to Braintree. I would gladly have accompanied him, but so many difficulties arose in the way, that I gave up the Idea. if I had come we must have gone to housekeeping, & by that time I had got things any way convenient, I must have returnd, & that at a season of the year when it would have been cold & unpleasent travelling. I find myself attackd with my Rhumatick complaints upon the Setting in of cold weather, and am obliged to be very circumspect.
The constant application to buisness for six months has made it necessary to mr Adams to take a jouney and he promisses me that he will go to Haverhill and visit his Friends, but [you] are like to have an other visiter, the Pressident Sets out this week for a like { 421 } excursion. He proposes to go as far as Portsmouth he would have had mr Adams accept a seat in his in coach but he excused himself from motives of delicacy. we yesterday had a very pleasent Party together. the whole family of us dinned with the President on thursday, and he then proposed an excursion to long Island by water to visit Princes Gardens, but as mrs Washington does not Love the water we agreed that the Gentlemen should go by water and the Ladies should meet them at a half way House and dine together, and yesterday we had a most Beautifull day for the purpose the President V P. col S. major Jackson mr Izard &c went on Board the Barge at 8 oclock.1 at Eleven the Ladies namely Mrs. washington mrs Adams mrs smith miss custos Set out in mrs Washingtons coach & six & met the Gentlemen at Harlem where we all dinned together & returnd in the same manner. we live upon terms of much Friendship & visit each other often whilst the Gentlemen are absent we propose seeing one an other on terms of much sociability. mrs Washington is a most frindly good Lady, always pleasent and easy doatingly fond of her Grandchildren to whom she is quite the Grandmamma.2
Louissa & John A. S are both innoculated for the small pox on fryday last. I hope my son J Q A arrived safe (as well as Brisler). I suppose he led you to think that I should visit you as he was very urgent for me to come. I think it not unlikly that there will be a summer recess next year & then I hope to see you all. I wish you would be so good as to get some Brown thread for me of mrs Field three Skains of different Sizes. mr A will pay you for her, & for the Rose water, which you have procured. Ruthe Ludden who lives with mrs Field promised me that she would come and live with me when ever she was out of her Time.3 if she holds of the same mind I will Send for her in the spring either by Barnard or the stage. I wish you had polly Tailer. to live alone she is a very excellent Girl but she was never made for society and power was never worse used than in her Hands. I tell her sometimes that if I had taken mrs Brislers advice I never should have brought her. of all things I hate to hear people for ever complaining of servants but I never had so much occasion as since I came here one good servant attached to you is invaluable. the one who attends mr Adams is good for nothing that I know of but to look after his Horses. he has servd us as a coachman ever since I have been here. I hope Brisler will return, but I would not urge it too much, as the best people may take advantage of their own concequence and importance.
{ 422 }
How is mrs Norten does she begin to look stately? I shall want to see her. Lucy I hope is well I pleasd my self for a week with the Idea of spending three months with you, but it cannot be
I will thank you to look over mr Adams things for him & see that they agree with the list which I will send as soon as I know what he takes— Love to mr Cranch Remember me kindly to my Mother & all other Friends. yours most affectionatly
[signed] A Adams—
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed by AA2: “Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree.”
1. Major William Jackson, who had previously escorted CA home from Europe in 1781, was serving as one of Washington's secretaries (vol. 4:170–171; DAB).
2. For Martha Washington's grandchildren, see Descriptive List of Illustrations, No. 11, above.
3. Ruth Ludden (b. 1772) was the daughter of Benjamin and Ruth Ludden of Braintree. She was not available to work for AA until she turned eighteen, still more than a year away (Braintree Town Records, p. 837).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0227

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-10-14

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

Mr Dalton, Mr Jenkes and myself are at Penfields in good health and Spirits.— My Horses perform very well and my Servant tolerably.
We have met with nothing but Rocks in the Road to molest us. These have jolted us very rudely but Salubriously. I shall keep Mr Dalton company to Boston at least to Cambridge.
according to present Conjectures We shall Spend the Sabbath at Springfield. My Love to my Young Lawyer, and all the rest
[signed] J. A.
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs Adams / Richmond Hill / New York”; internal address: “Portia”; endorsed: “Mr A october / 14 1790”; notation: “free / John Adams.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0228

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
DateRange: 1789-10-15 - 1789-10-25

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Sister

I have at last receiv'd your Letter but never was poor creature more dissapointed I thought to be sure that it contain'd orders for me to get your house in order for your reception cousin John had not a doubt but you would come. Lucy was going to spend a week at Lincoln but as aunt adams was so soon to be here she desir'd to be sent for home Sister Shaw was comeing in expectation of seeing our { 423 } dear Freinds & in short we were all on Tip-Toe with expectation & I can not yet give up the fond Idea my dear Sister come— every body knows that you have remov'd almost all your Furniture— we will assist you with any thing we have— Mrs Palmers Family are ready to relive to any part of the house. I wish you would accept of such an entertainment as I could give you I have a room & chamber at your service but this I know would not be so convineent or comfortable as your own— Mr Brisler says that the expence of coming will not be equal of your staying at home— I hope you will come—but whether you do or not—you will want a number of things sent round— Mr Brisler thinks he had better Send your small wines & that your Porter had better be sold here to keep it in that cellar this winter would be runing a great risk of having it Froze. I wish you would write immideatly & let us know what you would have done would you have the winter Fruit & the Butter from your Brother adams's—
Mr Brisler has I believe very wisely conclu'ded to return to you—Mrs Brisler is very desirous that he should. but what will you do with your house maid you will never have any harmony in you Family while you keep her, I certainly would send her home she would do tolarably well alone, but nobody could ever live with her at Mr Apthorps—
I had written thus far disigning to send it away immediately—but before I could finish my Letter I had news of the Vice Presidents leaving new york, & concluded you was with him & was not undeceiv'd till Mr Adams arriv'd without you. & now only think how we were dissapointed & yet I cannot say but your reasons for not comeing are good— I wish Mr Adams would accept of a room & chamber with us I do not know what he will do when Mr Brisler & his wife leave him— I think he would be more comfortable with us some body must take care of his things & him too you best know whether you can trust the new servant with the key of your cellar & other matters, here will be nobody to oversee him— Mr Brisler says he will not leave Mr Adams till you say what shall be done— he thinks it will not do to stay till the cold weather sets in before he removes his Family. he means they shall go by land— I have been in Boston till yesterday ever since I reciev'd your last Letter but will see after your Thread & Ruth Ludden this week— I am now fixing cousin Tom for winter & for a Journey eastward with his Papa— I expect Sister Shaw tomorrow— how she will be dissapointed not { 424 } finding you here!— Lucy wint yesterday with her uncle & cousin to see the triumphal entrance of the President into Boston—& is not yet return'd the arches were erecting when I left the Town but as we could not all be present I stay'd at home to take care of the House you will see a pompous account of it in the prints depend upon it.1 The poor governor was taken with a violent fit of the Gout which render'd him unfit to grace the Ceremony with his Presence & will it is suppos'd prevent him from making the first Visit—
Doctor Tufts was married I suppose last thursday he went for that purpose when I am more acquainted with our new aunt I will give you my opinion of her— I rejoice for cousin Lucys sake—but I think there will be no heart felt harmony between the son & new mother
Mrs Norton increases in size very fast & wishes you could be with her in march. she would be very well if she did not have so much of the Teeth ache but she is sadly afflicted with it. Do you think Polly Tailor would do for me if you should not be able to keep her I am affraid she has been so long use'd to high living that she would not know how to accomodate her self to such strick rules of eoconimy as she must submit too here. In many things I know her to be vastly superior to the girl I have with me. this girl can spin Polly cannot, tis true Nabby does not get much time to spin she does not know how to do house work half so well as polly does nor will she turn it of so fast—but then I give her but 1/6 a week you may if you please talk to her as supposing I might take her if she should be very desirous of it. if you should wish to part with her— she will never bear to be made of any importance
I wish if you should have any chance to make an inquiery of Doctor Rush about that magnificent Funeral in Philadelphia which our neighbors have heard of & nobody else knows any thing about. I should be glad— They continue to send & receive Letters from the Family I understand they did not all founder at sea as we expected they would—2
I am very glad that the vice President & President are upon such friendly terms I never suppos'd it otherways notwithstanding those who wish'd it might not be true have been so busy in spreading reports of the animosety subsisting between the Familys— I have taken care to read such parts of your Letters as would contradict such Idle storys— As to the Fragment it was not even a nine days wonder here— it was despis'd by every body of any sentiment or goodness. The Authors revengful temper is well known & he has really hurt nobody but himself.
{ 425 }
I think those who are admitted to spend a social hour with Mrs Washington must be much pleas'd with her, from your discription of her I think her Levee days are not the pleasantest she spends. I hope I shall see the President before he returns
By this time I suppose Louisia & the dear little Boy are begining to feel the effects of their dessorder I hope they will not be bad I shall feel anxious till I hear again
How happy I should feel to spend a few Days with you in this recess fall from the shackels of ceremony— The sweet Little Boy I have with me makes our house chearful— he is a fine Child full of chat & very sensible— If it was not for him I should sometimes be very melancholy.—
Mr Cranch desires me to present his Love to you & tell you he was as much dissapointed as any of us by your not comeing he is as thin as he was last fall the heat & hard work of the summer has carried away all the Flesh he had peck'd us in the winter
I am sorry for your attacks of the Rhumatism— I am sadly worry'd with it myself & am now scarcly able to sit in my chair I am in so much pain with it—
You will write me soon I hope as I wish to know what you would have sent to you by Barnard— give my Love to all my Cousins & accept the affectionate Love of your / grateful Sister
[signed] Mary Cranch
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mrs Cranch / octr 1– 1789.”
1. Washington's visit to Boston—and to the rest of New England—was a major event in the fall of 1789 and received extensive newspaper coverage throughout the country. Besides holding a procession featuring military units, merchants, tradesmen, and public officials, the city of Boston also built a colonnade and “triumphal arch” inscribed “To the Man who unites all hearts” to honor Washington and held various dinners in his honor. The Boston Independent Chronicle, 29 Oct., noted: “When an occasion presents itself, in which the People of the United States can testify to distinguished merit, their respect and esteem—they have never been known to let it pass unimproved.—What then were to be expected from them, when an opportunity offered of personally paying these tributes to a Man, in whose character, whatever is Great and Good—whatever dignifies and adorns human nature, are so happily united?” AA probably first read newspaper reports of the event in the New York Daily Advertiser, 31 Oct.; see AA to JA, 3 Nov., note 2, below.
For a full discussion of Washington's tour, see Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 4:163, note 3.
2. Mary Smith Cranch again questioned AA about this family in a letter of 20 Feb. 1791 (Adams Papers). At that time, she identified them as William Henry and Sarah Price Brown of Philadelphia, and indicated that Sarah Brown's death in Jan. or Feb. 1789 had precipitated a massive funeral led by Dr. Benjamin Rush.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0229

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-10-20

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

I yesterday received your kind favour dated at Fairfield and am happy to find that you had advanced thus far with no greater inconvenience than Rocky Roads & a Blundering Servant I will take better care of his Horses than he appears to have done of his master, for the old Proverb was never more verified, what is every bodys buisness, is nobodys buisness, than in Roberts going of without your Bagage, but he was still more culpable, to leave a part of it at Kings Bridge when it was sent on to him. your shoes & Night cap were brought back by col Smith when he returnd Home. I presume the President will overtake you on the Road [as?] he sat of on Thursday. he went in his chariot alone, & his two [sec]retaries on horse back. you recollect what past the saturday Evening when you took leave of him. on Sunday he exprest himself anxious to mr Lear least he had not been sufficiently urgent with you to accompany him, & desired him to come out to you. mr Lear in replie observed that if he came out, it was probable that you would think yourself not at liberty to refuse, & that it might break in upon your own arrangments. he will I fancy send you an invitation to accompany him to portsmouth which I hope you will find it convenient to accept. I went in to Town on saturday & brought out miss custos, & in the afternoon mrs Washington & mr Nelson & Lewis came out and drank Tea with me.1 this morning mrs W sent out her Servant to request that the Family would come in and dine with her to day & this being the last concert, that we should go together to it this we comply with as you will readily suppose— col smith Major Butler mr King Webb, Platt, Lawrence &c are all gone to long Island on a grousing Party.2
our Family are better than for a week past. two days after you went away, George the footman was Seaized with a Plurisy Fever and that to so high a degree that I was obliged to have his bled Blisterd &C in the course of a few hours, but taking it immediatly, he is on the Recovery, but every person in the Family have had the Epidemick disorder which has so generally prevaild in a greater or lesser degree. as to small pox neither Louissa or John have had it, the dr says oweing to their being sick with this disorder, & that two disorders will not opperate at the Same time, but I fancy much more owing to the matters not being good.
{ 427 }
the last Post brought you a Letter from our Friend mr Hollis dated in june.3 he makes many complaints and is much Grieved at not having heard oftner from you, Sa[ys he], but on 2d thought I will inclose you the Letter that you may write to him. there is also a Letter from the dr in which he request to know what Quantity of cheese we shall want.4 perhaps you would like that made under your mothers care best. all the butter that can be procured from either place some of the Russet Apples the Pears—N york cannot shew the like—Hams &c
Charls is very steady to the office in the day and to his own Room in the Evening— my duty to mother Love to Brothers & sisters Nephews and Neices— Let me hear from you as often as you possibly can. I rejoice in the fine weather you have & hope Your journey will prove highly benificial to your Health. I wish that a visit from the President may tend to conciliate the minds of our Nothern countrymen & that they will lay asside all sedition & evil speaking. a peice signed a centinal in Edds paper of last week dated Philadelphia, but I believe written in Boston is worthy Notice,5 might be call'd Treason against the Government it is very seditious.
adieu yours most affectionatly
[signed] A Adams
william says duty to Ganpa. want him to come home & go see the cows—
RC (Adams Papers); docketed: “Mrs Adams to / John Adams / October 20th 1789.” Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. Both Robert Lewis (1769–1829) and Thomas Nelson Jr., son of the late Gov. Thomas Nelson of Virginia, served as Washington's secretaries (Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 1:397–398, 3:202).
2. Pierce Butler (1744–1822) was a U.S. senator from South Carolina. An Irishman, he had served as a major in the British Army before marrying the daughter of a South Carolina planter and settling there in 1771. He also represented the state in the Constitutional Convention (DAB).
Samuel B. Webb (1753–1807) served in the Continental Army as a secretary to George Washington among other posts, rising to the rank of brigadier general. After the war, he became a mercantile agent in New York City (Doc. Hist. Ratif. Const., 5:876).
Richard Platt (1755–1830), Princeton 1773, worked as a broker in New York City and as treasurer of the Ohio Company (Colonial Collegians).
John Laurance (1750–1810) was a representative from New York. He had formerly served as judge advocate-general of the Continental Army from 1777 to 1782 and was a well-respected lawyer (DAB). See also AA to Mary Smith Cranch, 9 Aug., note 6, above.
3. Thomas Brand Hollis to JA, 6 June (Adams Papers).
4. Not found.
5. This article, “Centinel, Revived. No. XXX. To the People of the United States,” appeared in Benjamin Edes' Boston Gazette, 12 Oct.; it was originally published in the Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 10 September. The piece argued that “the establishment of a consolidated or national government, in a country of such immense extent as this . . . would necessarily be { 428 } destructive in so superlative a degree of that happy equality and diffusive ease with which the people of these United States have been hitherto so remarkably blessed.” It went on to suggest that the solution was not to dissolve the federal government but rather to amend “the new constitution in such manner as to make the general government of the United States a confederation of efficient republics—preserving to each every essential power of government, except what may be absolutely necessary to transfer to Congress, for the general regulation, and common defence of the whole union.”

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0230

Author: Cranch, Lucy
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-10-23

Lucy Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Aunt—

Though we were all happy to see my honoured and revered Uncle again in his favorite Braintree, yet we were disapointed, greatly in not seeing you with him— we had indulged ourselves in the pleasing hope of meeting the sister the Aunt the Friend we all so greatly love and esteem. your presence would have enlivened our circle—and made many of the winter hours pass more cheerelly— we should have regreted the disapointment more if the season had not been too far advanced to make your return to New-York agreable. and we would not purchase pleasure at the price of your health and comfort—
There are great preparations makeing in Boston for the reception of the President— one plan was to erect a Colossal statue which should represent Genl. Washington—and all the people were to walk under it.
Was there ever any people who acted so inconsistently as some of ours do, to clamour and rave if there is a shaddow of power given their rulers and at the same time pay them homage in a manner that would disgrace the subjects of the Grand Turk—
Mr Brisler desired I would let you know, that he was determined to return to you—and would beg of you to secure him a room and bed room in French-Peters house which is in the road just below your house, the Coach man says they were not ingaged when he came away— he would be glad to have five or six cord of wood laid in for him—as he thinks it can be procured cheaper now than when he returns— he means to send his things round by Bearnad now, and go on with his wife as soon as possible— he wishes much to hear from you again before he goes—
Mama has been in Boston since Tuesday— Cousin Thomas has gone to town for her to day— Uncle, and Mr Wibird dined with my Father and me to day— they are now below feasting upon politics—The good Dr Tufts—I suppose was married yesterday—
{ 429 }
remember me kindly to all my Cousins—and be assured my dear Aunt that I am at all times your gratefully / affectionate and dutiful Neice
[signed] Lucy Cranch
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs Abigail Adams / New-York”; endorsed: “Lucy Cranch / october 23 1790”; notation: “Free / John Adams.”

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0231

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-10-25

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I presume you have reachd Braintree before this day I hope the sight of your Friends and of your Farm has restored your Health and spirits. you did well to flee before the very sickly period Mr Maddison lies very ill at Philadelphia, & it is reported that the Speaker of the House died last week by the Bursting a Blood vessel in this Epidemick cold, which scarcly one escapes. I hope however the report may not be true, as I have not seen any mention of it in the papers.1 Count Moutier & family saild last week as silently as possible. no mention of them in the papers, or other notice taken every thing appears perfectly quiet & easy.2 Boston papers only are seditious I think from the complexion of some peices which I read in them the massachusetts is brewing mischief.
inclosed is a letter which I wish you to answer immediatly. I have received the fish in four Boxes & tried some of it, which proves very fine.3 one Box I have sent to mr Jay as a present from you. our Family is better than when I wrote you last, little John excepted who is very sick cutting his Eye teeth.
If Brisler is at Braintree would not you wish him to Bottle the sherry wine which we used part of, & pack it for this place. the other cask I would not remove.
I wish to hear from you and from the children. mrs Cranch wrote me that John was very unwell with his cold. it was taken here I believe, and he ought to be attentive to it. my affectionate Regards to all Friends from / Your ever affectionate
[signed] A Adams
1. This rumor was false. Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, the Speaker of the House, lived until 1801 (DAB).
2. The Comte de Moustier was unpopular as the French minister to the United States. James Madison wrote to Thomas Jefferson on 8 Dec. 1788 that “Moustier proves a most unlucky appointment. He is unsocial, proud and niggardly and betrays a sort of fastidiousness toward this country. He suffers also { 430 } from his illicit connection with Madame de Brehan which is universally known and offensive to American manners.” In France, Jefferson pressed for a change in ministers, which led to Moustier's departure in Oct. 1789 (Jefferson, Papers, 14:340–341, 520–522). Contrary to AA's comments, several of the New York newspapers included short pieces on his formal leave-taking; see, for example, Gazette of the United States, 14 Oct.; New York Journal, 15 Oct.; and New York Daily Gazette, 15 October.
3. On 30 Sept. Marston Watson of Marblehead wrote to JA on behalf of a “Fish Club of Gentlemen in this Town bearing Strong Sentiments of Esteem & respect for your private Character, and with all others of your Countrymen cannot but admire the lustre of your public Negociations while in Europe, & the more, as they feel Indebted for your good Service to their branch of business;—therefore hope that they may be Indulg'd to offer with Propriety, attendant on their Sincere Expressions of Gratitude, a few Quintals of their best Table fish” (Adams Papers). JA replied on 7 Nov., thanking Watson for the fish and reiterating his belief that “the Fisheries, are so essential to the Commerce and naval Power of this Nation, that it is astonishing that any one Citizen should ever have been found, indifferent about them” (Dft, Adams Papers). See also AA to JA, 1 May, note 3, above.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0232

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-11-01

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

A strange phenomanan has happend in our Family. I believe I wrote you that Louissa and John were both innoculated for the small pox but neither of their arms shew'd any proofs after the 2d Day. Louissa was soon seizd with the cold & Fever which has so universally prevaild here. upon the 10 day John was very sick apparantly the symptoms of the small pox, but they lasted only one day on the 17 day the child had an inflamation in his Eyes a fever in his Head was sick and oppressd at his stomack, but not the least redness upon the arm. we had no apprehension that it was the small pox. on the 19 day he began to have a small Eruption upon his face, his symptoms went of & he has had the small pox finely about a hundred which have fill'd. Louissa has been innoculated from him, and from the appearance of the arm we think it has taken. I hope she will have it as favourable as the child. he could not have taken it in any other way as he was not out of the House, but why he should take it, & Louissa not, cannot be accounted for in any other way, than that two disorders would not operate at the same time.
I yesterday received a Letter from cousin Lucy of ocbr 25 one from Tommy & one from Sister Shaw—and Last week yours october 12 came to hand.1 I put into mr Adams's Trunk the cushion I promisd you. I should have sent it sooner, but hoped to have brought it. all the things on the Top belong to J Q A, as you will see. I wish you would send them to him, or let him know that you have them. when Brisler leaves the House I should be glad to have the things left inventoried, not that I fear loosing by the Family who are now there, { 431 } but for my own satisfaction. there was one thing which I forgot to mention. I have papers in the Escritore which I lent Mrs Bass. the key is on the Bunch with mrs Brisler I wish cousin Lucy to go & take them a way, put them in a draw or Trunk at the other House. I hope to come to Braintree in the course of an other year, and see all my dear Friends. I wish the dr much happiness with his Young wife, is she not young for him?— mrs Norten must have much satisfaction in the event, if she proves as I hope & doubt not she will a kind Aunt and an agreeable companion. I hope my dear sister has recoverd her spirits. none of us live without our anxieties, tho some are of a much more painfull kind than others.
How is our worthy uncle Quincy. mr Adams I dare say will visit him as often as he can I hope you will see our worthy President. he is much a favorite of mine I do assure you. tell mr Adams that mrs Washington Says she has a present for him when he returns. it is true she says it is of no great value, but she will not tell me what it is, nor let me see it till he returns. I told her I would be jealous but it did not provoke her to shew it me. we are at present all very well. Louissa innoculated the 2 time on thursday last I hope mr Adams will not put of his return so late as he talkd of when he sat out. the weather will be soon very cold and uncomfortable. remember me kindly to all my Friends. I am very bad about writing; not half as good as when I was in England. the reason is I have few subjects, few new objects, the men & women here are like the men & women else where, & if I was to meet a curious Character I should not venture to be free with it.
I wish to have our winter Apples pears Butter some cheese Bacon Tongus &c all from our own state & what I cannot get from the Farm I would get put up in Boston, such as Hams & Tongues I mentiond all these things to mr Adams but do not know that he will be attentive about them. any Letters which may be taken out of the post office addrest to the Vice Pressident of the united states, you may venture to open the covers of whether mr Adams, is with you or not for you may be sure that they come from Richmond Hill.
adieu my dear sister and believe me most affectionatly yours—
[signed] A Adams
mrs smith & master william magpye as I call him send duty—
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed: “To / Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree.”
1. Lucy Cranch to AA, 23 Oct., is above. The letters from TBA, Elizabeth Smith Shaw, and Mary Smith Cranch have not been found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0233

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-11-01

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

I thank you for your kind Letter inclosing that from our Friend Hollis.1 The Influenza is here as general as it was at N. York.— Your youngest Son has been laid up with it at Mr Cranche's; but is better. Mr Wibird is confined with it, so that We had no Meeting. I have been to visit him: He is not very bad: but not fit to go out. My great Horse, had a Misfortune last night in the Stable, that he will not get over this fortnight. I am thankful that he is alive.
Mr Brisler is preparing his Goods to go by Bernard, who Sails on Wednesday, and will go with his Family next Week in the Stage.
I have Spent a Week in Boston which I have not done before these fifteen years. General Washington between Sam. Adams and John, The Fratrum dulce Par, mounted up to View in the Stone Chapell and in Concert Hall to be sure was a Spectacle for the Town of Boston. The Remarks were very Shrewd— Behold three Men, Said one, who can make a Revolution when they please. There, Said another are the three genuine Pivots of the Revolution. The first of these Observations is not I hope, so true as I fear the last is. of all the Pictures that ever were or ever will be taken this ought to be done with the greatest Care, and preserved in the best Place. But H.'s Creatures will cast a Damper upon that.
The Presidents Behaviour was in Character, and consequently charming to all. I write no Particulars, because the News papers will give you the details.— His Reception has been cordial and Splendid. His Journey will do much public good.
I Shall return, in the first Week in December, if not sooner, and bring Thomas with me.— You must be very prudent and cautious, of my Letters. Let them be seen by none, but the Family: for altho I shall write no harm there are Chemists who are very skilful in extracting evil out of Good.— I have Seen the new Mrs Tufts, and admire the Drs Taste. She is in appearance, a fine Woman.
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Mr A Novbr / 1789 1”; docketed: “Copy Mr. J. Adams / 1789. 1.”
1. AA to JA, 20 Oct., above.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0234

Author: Cranch, Mary Smith
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
DateRange: 1789-11-01 - 1789-11-04

Mary Smith Cranch to Abigail Adams

[salute] Dear Sister

The dull weather of Last week has prevented sister Shaw from making her visit or she would have been here mourning with me the absence of our dear sister. I hope she will be here on Teusday if she is not I fear she will not come this fall— She has already put it of too long—the fine weather is all over. Doctor Tufts has taken the advantage of it & brought home his wife as snug as can be— Mrs Quincy & Miss Nancy are going with us to make the wedding Visit this week. Mr Wibird is too unwell to preach to day has got I suppose the Washington cold— every body who was at the parade the Day the President enter'd Boston took a cold. People stood at the windows some of them Six hours, waiting for his arrival— Having got a good situation they were affraid to leave it least they should not be able to recover it again; The day was dreadful raw & uncomfortable Lucy & Miss Hazen are gone to weymouth to meeting & to see the Bride. Lucy has not yet seen her aunt but both of them have such colds they were not fit to go out— Here is your son Tom confin'd with it he has been threaten'd with the Rhumatism but I hope he will not be bad—
Mr Adams was here last evening & was well, I wish'd him to stay here but he was so busy picking out Books to send by Barnard that he could not. When Mr Brisler leaves him he will come— I am sorry too hear that cousin Louisia & the little Boy did not take the Small Pox it is a pity to have so much anxiety for nothing: but I hope the will do well yet
I have seen Ruth Ludden she says she shall not be eighteen till next fall— she will then come if you are not supply'd Mrs Feild is spining your thread
What is become of Betsy Crosby Miss Soper desir'd me to ask you to give me the true situation She is in if you had seen or known any thing of her1
The dull circle in which I move furnishes me with so little to intertain you with—that I find it difficult sometimes to muster up matter for a Letter—
Mr Brisler has felt a little diffident about returning without your further orders— he hopes he has not do[ne] wrong— I assur'd him you would be glad to recc[ommend] him if he was convinc'd that he could not do so [well?] in any other way
{ 434 }
I hope I shall receive a Letter from you before I close this. if I should I may add more than that.
I am with Love to all my Freinds your / affectionate Sister
Mary Cranch
Mr Cranch desires his Love may be presented
Novb. 4th
no Letters from you— We are all indisposed with colds but nobody quite sick— old mrs Thayer is here upon her mendicant visit She is in her ninety second year & can walk a mile or two yet. & has knit 5 pair of stockings with in five weeks three pair of which were for men!
RC (Adams Papers). Some loss of text where the seal was removed.
1. For Elizabeth Anne Crosby, see vol. 5:187–188. Miss Soper was probably one of her maternal aunts (Pattee, Old Braintree, p. 156).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0235

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-11-03

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

I did not write to you by the last post. I was in hopes to have received a Letter from your and to have known from under your own Hand how your Health was. Tommy wrote me by your direction;1 and I heard by other Hands of your safe arrival and the News papers inform us that by desire of his Honour the Leiut Govenour you was in the procession to accompany the President to his Residence.2 there is a vile mischevious junto in Boston, but I shall lose the whole chain. the Printers have not sent on the papers Sinc you left here; pray order them continued. But now with regard to our own affairs Brisler sends me word that he proposes to return & bring on his Family, & I have engaged two Rooms for him in the House at the End of our Land, adjoing to the corn Feild which will be very near and convenient for him. I am not at all satisfied with the Hand I have with me and with Regard to the coachman, you will not confide in him further than you can see, him Brisler will tell you that with Liquors he cannot be trusted. I mention this least Brisler should be obliged to come away before you. the Porter which is in the cellar you will either have sent on, or dispose of as it will freeze, the red wine & any other you chuse you will direct Brisler to put on Board Barnard, 200 weight of cheese & all the Butter which can be procured. I hope you will conclude to return sooner than you talkd { 435 } of. the Trunk of cloaths which you had sent by Barnard you can leave without any inconvenience till Spring.
we have no News here except the expected return of the commissoners from Georgia who it seems have been very unsuccessfull, & concequently must expect many unfavourable reports with respect to them, some of which are already in circulation;3 the district court meet this day the Marshal is qualified and attends. the Rank & presidence was yesterday setled & the Marshal is to take Rank of the district Attorney.
our little John has had the small pox finely & is quite recoverd of it Louissa is innoculated from him— pray present my duty to your good mother Love affection where due. congratulation to our New married Friends, for me, and accept the affectionat Regard / of Your
[signed] A Adams
Suppose the horse cart Horse sled & one sadle which the dr has in his care & the Saw should be put on Board Barnard we shall find them very usefull
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “To / The vice President of the / united states / Braintree”; docketed: “Mrs Adams to / John Adams. / November 3rd 1789.”
1. Not found.
2. The New York Daily Advertiser, 31 Oct., reported, “a Correspondent observed with great pleasure the Vice-President in the Procession from the State House; who at the request of the Lieut. Governor proceeded with the Procession to the Residence of the President.”
3. In the fall of 1789, in an attempt to resolve land disputes between residents of the state of Georgia and the Creek Nation, George Washington sent commissioners to Rock Landing, Georgia, to open negotiations with the Creeks. The Creeks, however, pulled out of the discussions because of the commissioners' support for Georgian land claims, and the commissioners came back to New York without an agreement (Francis Paul Prucha, The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians, 2 vols., Lincoln, Neb., 1984, 1:54–55). A report of the commissioners' return appeared in the New York Daily Advertiser, 29 October.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0236

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Cranch, Mary Smith
Date: 1789-11-03

Abigail Adams to Mary Smith Cranch

[salute] my dear sister

I did not receive your Letter dated 25 untill sunday Evening which made it too late to write by the last post in replie to it.1 I do not know any thing that I wisht more for than to have past the winter at my own House for a summer situation this place is delightfull & the House convenient, and except its being Bleak and perhaps difficult of access in some parts of a severe winter, it is more to my mind than any place I ever lived in. in point of oeconomy it would be very advantageous to be able to live at Home part of the year and { 436 } the winter in particular. wood being the most expensive article here, Nut wood, What we call walnut is 7 dollors pr cord and oak cost me five brought to our door between 40 & 50 Cords of which we shall consume in a year, as we are obliged to keep six fires constantly, & occasionally more the hire of servants is an other very heavy article part of which we might spair at Braintree. our House we must keep & pay for—but I should wish if a recess of any length should take place again to spend it with my Friends at Braintree. my constant family is 18, ten of which make my own Family. both mrs Smith & I am disposed to accommodate as much as possible, but difficulties will arise with the best servants sometimes, & we can neither of us boast that all ours are of the best kind
I have a pretty good Housekeeper a tolerable footman a midling cook, an indifferent steward and a vixen of a House maid, but she has done much better laterly, since she finds that the housekeeper will be mistress below stairs. I wish Polly was in Braintree, and meant to have taken her with me if I had come, but I do not know what to say with regard to her suiting you. she is very far from being a Girl that will turn off work quick, her constitution has been ruined by former hardships, and she is very often laid up. she has not method or regularity with her buisness, all her buisness here is to make 4 or 5 beds, & clean round Rooms which are almost coverd with carpets, all the Brass is cleand by the footman she helps wash & Iron, but I have been obliged to hire when I have wanted more cleaning than that done in a day, and Every days work to pay 3 shilling a day for. I suppose I must keep her till spring, unless she should become more than usually quarelsome. with regard to drink I meet with no difficulty with her on that account, and she has an attention to my interest more than any servant I have besides, when mr Brisler is absent. she keeps no company, and is fond of the children, so that she has her good Qualities, for which I am ready to credit her.
I have written to mr Adams respecting the coachman who certainly is not to be trusted with keys of a cellar—2 he always slept in the stable and was never in the House but at meal times, or as a porter at the door when we had company to dine. he is a good coachman and that I believe is all— I hope mr Adams will return Sooner than he talks of, for I am sure when Brisler goes he cannot be well accommodated in his own House, and the Roads will every day be proving worse. 200wt cheese all the Butter from mothers my half from pratts is what I should like sent I should like a good Hog { 437 } or two, but pratts pork is not worth having, and I shall have some of my own here.
I think Brisler much in the right, both for me and himself. he will be better of than his master & may lay up more money, but what could he do at home to earn 200 Hard dollors. I think his Family may live very well upon one hundred. I have engaged 2 good Rooms for him for 32 dollors & a half his Wood I suppose will cost him 25 dollors, but suppose he only lays by 50 a year, tis more than he could do & mantain himself & family where he is.
I wrote to him by the last post,3 let him know if his Family can come on without him & mr Adams wishes him to stay with him, that they shall come here till he & his Things arrive— but he must be here by the Time that Barnard is to look after his things—
I wish mr Adams would return with the President, as I know he will be invited to, & let Tommy take his sulky & come on with that
my Love to mrs Norten, to cousin Lucy and all inquiring Friends. my most affectionate Regards to mr Cranch remember me to Mrs Palmers Family—
Yours most affectionatly
[signed] A Adams
RC (MWA:Abigail Adams Letters); addressed: “To / Mrs Mary Cranch / Braintree.”
1. See Mary Smith Cranch to AA, 1[5?] Oct., above, for which the final dateline is 25 October.
3. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0237

Author: Washington, Martha
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-11-04

Martha Washington to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dear Madam

I should have been very happy to have seen you yesterday.— and am truly sorry the bad day disapointd me of the plasure, your servant brought you kind favor yesterday while I was at dinner.1 he could not stay and the evening was so bad,— I have the plasure to ask you, how your self Mrs Smith Miss Smith and the little ones are to day, I intended yesterday after the sermon to bring the children out with me on a visit to you, but the weather prevented me—
I will my dear Madam—doe myself the pleasure to dine with you on satterday with my famly and shall be very happy with Geneal Knox—and the Laides,—mentioned or any others you plase
I am dear Madam with esteem your / affectionate Friend / and Hble Sr
[signed] M Washington
Our best wishes to Mrs Smith &ca
{ 438 }
RC (MHi:Waterston Autograph Coll.); addressed: “Mrs Adams”; endorsed: “Mrs Washington / Novbr 4 1789.”
1. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0238

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-11-10

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my dearest Friend

Tis more than a month since you left Home, and except the few lines from Fairfield, I have not received a single Letter from you. I have written to you every week, and should have been very happy to have learnt from your own Hand that you was benefitted by your journey and that you was conveniently accommodated. I get only one Boston paper, so that I am in the dark with regard to the politicks of massa, save what is retaild here
mr Jay received Letters from mr Jefferson yesterday dated 5 August. he had not then received his Letters of recall.1 he writes very cautious with regard to the state of France, says that the disturbances had subsided in a great measure
The marshal is gone to serve a writt this morning upon a captain of a vessel who has defrawded the customs. it is the first which has been issued & it runs in the Name of the People— he thinks that there is a difficulty arising with respect to the prisons. a marshal is obliged to give Bonds and committ his prisoner to the Jails of the state & into the custody of officers over whom the Federal court has no controul who will bear him harmless if the Prisoner excapes?
The weather is remarkably fine I have got the chief of our winter wood, but at a most terible price the oak cost 32 6 pr cord, and walnut 50 it shall be the last time that I will be so taken in by dependance upon others. the Carman found he could not make money enough by getting it, and so would not stand to his agreement. if Barnard is not saild pray tell Brisler to Buy me 30 or 40 dozen of Eggs & put on Board. they have got them up to 1/6 pr dozen. Butter a shilling pr pound by the firkin. it really would have been worth while to have bought our vegetables in Boston, potatos particularly for they are at 3 shilling a Bushel by the Quantity Turnips at 1/6. malt is an other article, that I should have been glad to have had 6 Bushel of, but I fear I am too late for Barnard.
we are all well. mrs washington and Family dined with me last saturday together with General & mrs Knox and mrs Green.2
Duty and Love where due pray write by the Next post to your ever / affectionate
[signed] A Adams
{ 439 }
RC (Adams Papers); addressed by AA2: “The Vice President / of the United States / <Braintree> / New York”; docketed: “Mrs Adams / to John Adams / Nov 10th 1789”; notation: “5: 8 / 5 8 / returned 10: 16.” This letter was originally mailed to Braintree then redirected back to New York.
1. For Thomas Jefferson's letter of 5 Aug. to John Jay, see Jefferson, Papers, 15:333–334. Jefferson first requested to be allowed to take a leave of absence from France to return to the United States in Nov. 1788. Jay sent him permission on 19 June 1789, which he received on 23 Aug. (Jefferson, Papers, 15:202–203).
2. Catharine Littlefield Greene (1753–1814), the widow of Gen. Nathanael Greene, had moved to New York City in the summer of 1789 to attempt to persuade Congress to settle her husband's war accounts (Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 3:390–391).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0239

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John
Date: 1789-11-14

Abigail Adams to John Adams

[salute] my Dearest Friend

I received yours of Novbr 4. on thursday last.1 Brisler and his Family got here the same Day & are waiting the arrival of Barnard to go into their House. the President got home on fryday last, looks much fatigued with his jouney, and has beat out all his Horses. Brisler says the Roads are getting very bad, and that you will find it very tedious travelling in a few weeks pray take care that your little vehicle does not overset. I wrote you respecting Several articles which I supposed might come with Barnard, but my letters will be too late unless we venture them when he comes on again. Charls wants to have some cider sent, and I think half a dozen Barrels would not be amiss— I wish Brother would get me 20 or 30 dozen of Eggs put into Brand & send me when Barnard returns. we are all well cold excepted. I believe Louissa has the small pox. she has had Some symptoms, but no Eruption worth mentioning & not one that has fill'd. mrs Izard has lost her Baby with it.2 Richmond Hill has lost much of its Beauty Since you left us. the Trees are all stripd & look dreary but the prospect is Beautifull tho in Ruins.
Remember me affectionatly to all inquiring Friends and believe me most tenderly / and affectionatly / your
[signed] A Adams—
RC (Adams Papers); addressed by AA2: “The Vice President / Of the United States / <Braintree> / New York”; docketed: “Mrs Adams / to John Adams / November 14th 1789”; notation: “<10> / 8 / returned 8 / 16.” This letter was originally mailed to Braintree then redirected back to New York.
1. JA to AA, [1] Nov., above.
2. William Izard, the son of Ralph and Alice DeLancey Izard, was born on 1 June and died in Nov. (SCHGM, 2:216 [July 1901]).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0240

Author: Adams, John
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-11-14

John Adams to Abigail Adams

[salute] My dearest Friend

I am impatient to return but partly on Account of my Son who wishes to Stay at Colledge as long as he can, and partly, on Account of my Books and other Things which I wish to get ready before I go, to be sent to N. Y. I fear I shall not see you these three Weeks. I should however break away if I were not necessitated to wait for my horse, whose Lameness is not wholly cured.
Excepting the Influenza which is universal our Relations and Friends are all very well.
The Accident to my horse, has been a vexatious Thing and has deprived me of half the Pleasure and half the Exercise I intended.—This Horse I am told here got cast in the Same stable last year.
My Farm I found as I expected—poor enough.
I live with my Mother and Brother. and We live like Princes, in great Luxury.— You knew my Mother. She has the Influenza, severely: but is very active.
The President is at Home eer now, no doubt.
Mr Brisler is arrived I hope without any Accident with his Family. This will be some Relief to Us, as it will take off, much care from your mind. I wish I could send Boys and Girls from hence, to supply all the Places in the House that you want filled.
There is a Calm a Silence and a Tranquility that is very remarkable in this Part of the Continent. May it be equal at the southward and long continue in both! i. e. may We be enabled to give Satisfaction to the Multitude of our Brethren1
1. This is the last letter exchanged between AA and JA until 24 Nov. 1792 (Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0241

Author: Smith, Abigail Adams
Recipient: Norton, Elizabeth Cranch
Date: 1789-11-15

Abigail Adams Smith to Elizabeth Cranch Norton

almost twelve months have elapsed since the date of your last letter,1 I am conscious that this chasm in our Correspondence my Dear Eliza has been my own fault and very often have I reprimanded myself for my inattention—in not having noticed your last kind Letter,—but many casualties have intervened to prevent me from writing, which I hope will gain me your favourable indulgence { 441 } for past ommisions when I promise future amendment,— perhas when your family has enlarged as much as mine you may be less surprized at my want of punctuallity, I have thought of you often since I had the pleasure of seeing you, and have frequently heard of your health with much pleasure
I am again blessed with the society of my own family and I consider it as amongst the happiest Events of my Life; early after my Father arrived here, he requested with earnestness that we would take up our abode with him,— the affection which has ever dictated all his actions towards me, was too deeply impressed upon my heart to permit me to hesitate to Comply with a request which would in any degree accommodate himself and family;— we therefore accepted his profered kindness, and have resided with his family ever since;— my youngest Son has just recovered from the small Pox, & Louisa has had it very favourably and is now recovering—
I Congratulate you upon the acquisition your family Circle has lately made—(in a small society the addition of one who is disposed to promote sociability; quallified to perform the Duties of friendship; and capable of contributing their part of those attentions which render Life valuable; and upon the agreeable performance of which, much of our happiness depends,) is almost inestimable, be pleased to present me respectfully to this new relation, and offer my Congratulations to the good Dr if you please upon his Marriage.
I wish I could bring you acquainted with my friends—in this part of the World—that you would be pleased with them I am very sure—for they possess more of the qualifications essential in the Characters of amiable Women and agreeable Companions—and as few of the defects as any Ladies—I have been acquainted with; they are very different and yet variously pleasing— the grave and the gay are very happily blended in their minds which they have Cultivated,—and well furnished, their dispositions are lively, but tempered with judgment,—and they are well quallified, to fill the various Stations of Life,—with dignity;— their early expectations were very flattering; but they were soon Initiated into the School of adversity,— they have not sunk under the presure of misfortunes,—but have risen superior—to its influence,—and have quallifed their minds to their present situation, which tho not so affluent as they once had a right to expect, is, yet very eligable— by the ravages of War, their Habitation was utterly destroyed, and their Lands laid desolate;—
I hope my Dear Cousin that you enjoy your health and preserve your spirits you must not permit them to be depressed, for I believe { 442 } that in almost every Situation which our imaginations have pictured as dangerous and distressing the reality falls short of our expectations, I cannot wish you more favour than I have received, that you may enjoy an equal degree is my earnest desire—
Colln Smith joins me in Compliments to Mr Norton, and all friends who may inquire after your / sincere well wisher, and friend—
[signed] A Smith—
RC (MHi:Christopher P. Cranch Papers); docketed: “Mrs. A Smith to <Miss E Cranch> / Mrs. Norton 1789.”
1. No letters from Elizabeth Cranch Norton to AA2 have been located.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0242

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1789-11-22

Abigail Adams to John Quincy Adams

[salute] my dear son

one would suppose that the waters between N york and Road Island had produced the same effect upon you, that the Poets feign of the River Lethe, not a Line, not a word from you since you quitted Richmond Hill. are you so wholy absorpd in the study of the Law of Nations as to forget those of Nature?
I have been very sorry since you left us that your visit was made just at the period it was. a few untoward circumstances combined to render it less agreeable to you than it would have proved since. I should not have consented to your leaving us, if I had thought I should not have follow'd in a few days but the season of the year in which I must have returnd, & the arrangments I must have made to have tarried only two months quite discouraged me. at the next adjournment I hope to come on and pass several Months at Braintree.
Since I saw you, you have had an illusterous visiter. I hope you was one of the Choir who so aptly Serenaded him, with “the Hero comes.” he was much gratified with the attention shewn him: I have it from his own Mouth. is it in Humane Nature to be otherways? he ought to be immortal, for who can ever fill his place— I ought to inform you that the day after you left us, you had an invitation to dine there.1 we live in a most friendly intercourse, & madam makes very few visits but those of ceremony when she does not request my Ladyship to accompany her and I have several appointments of that kind now on Hand Let not the Busy fiend envy propogate reports so basely false as that there is any coldness Subsisting between the Families— Massachusetts alone could be guilty of such baseness. I hope the presence of the Late visiter has banishd antifederialism
{ 443 }
I hope you have visited your Father since the misfortune of his Horse has prevented him from the excursion he intended.
Your Friends here desire to be rememberd to you and chide you for not writing. believe me most affectionatly / your &c
[signed] Abigail Adams
1. Two days later, on 24 Nov., George Washington invited AA to join him in his box at the theater. AA accepted the invitation and attended a production of The Toy; or, A Trip to Hampton Court, along with a number of other government officials and their wives (Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 4:321–322).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0243

Author: Adams, Abigail
Recipient: Tufts, Cotton
Date: 1789-11-22

Abigail Adams to Cotton Tufts

[salute] My dear sir

I congratulate you and the Lady to whom you are united upon your Nuptials, and most sincerely wish you a renewall of all your former happiness, with corresponding dispositions, and inclinations. the domestick circle is alone capable of yealding satisfactions, which an intercourse with the word and all its amusements never can afford. in Buisness or in pleasure the participation of a dear Friend, makes more than half the enjoyment. there is a period of Life too, when neither buisness or pleasure can be persued with the ardour of Youth. then it is that we feel more sensibly the want of domestick tranquility and retirement. may your declining years my dear sir be as repleat with happiness as the visisitudes of Humane Life will permit, and when this transitory scene ends, may you meet the Reward of a good and Faithfull Servant
I wrote to you by my son sine which I have not heard from you.1 I have now to request you to procure for me 400 wt of Butter and to send it by Barnard. I have been dissapointed here, and it is so scarce and dear that I am sure I cannot now procure it. Barnard has orders to bring several hundred firkins, & I wish you to secure mine as soon as you receive this Letter, I also wish to have a Barrel of Beaf put up by Baldwin & a couple of dozen of Hams. mr W Smith will tell you who I mean if you are at any loss. there is also a sley to be sold for 8 dollors by packard who Lives with mr Black2 Mears has an other with harness for 11.3 I will thank you to see them both & to Buy one or the other & send by Barnard I must give ten pounds currency for one here, and we must have one, for to go to market in winter, living two miles from it, and never being able to Buy at our door the marketting all being carried into the city by water. if you { 444 } will be so good as to procure these things and send me the Bill by Barnard with an order for him to receive the money I will pay it to him the Horse cart & sled if not sold will amply repay us if we can get it here, as we cannot get a carman to come out of Town to bring any thing under four shillings.
Barnard is to sail this Day & will tarry not more than ten days after he arrives if he should be full the sley will be of more importance to us this winter than the cart. if one must be left I wish it may be that. the fruit which I have received this year was gatherd a month too soon, badly packd and is half ruind but, as I expected nothing better I am not so much dissapointed—
I hope I may be able to come home at the next adjournment of congress—
Present me affectionatly to my New Aunt to your son daughter and Neice to mr & mrs Norten and believe me my dear sir most affectionatly / your Neice
[signed] A Adams
RC (NHi:Misc. Mss. Adams, Abigail); addressed by AA2: “Honble Cotton Tufts / Weymouth”; endorsed: “Mrs. Abigl. Adams / Lettr. Nov. 2d. 1789 / recd. the 29th.”; notation: “Hond by / Genl Lincoln.”
1. Possibly 5 Oct., above.
2. Probably Joshua Packard, who may have lived in the household of Moses Black (d. 1810) (Braintree Town Records, p. 621; Sprague, Braintree Families, p. 693).
3. Probably George Mears (Mearsh), a member of one of the original German families to move to Braintree in 1752 (Pattee, Old Braintree, p. 59, 478).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0244

Author: Adams, John Quincy
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-12-05

John Quincy Adams to Abigail Adams

No, my dear Madam, I have not tasted of the waters of Lethe, nor have the Laws of Nature, been obliterated from my heart, by too close an attention to those of Nations. The reasons which have hitherto prevented me from writing since I left you, are various; but would not be very interesting in the detail, for which reason I shall, omit the unnecessary tediousness of a justification, and offer you a reparation instead of an apology.
I flattered myself long with the expectation of seeing my father in this Town; and until your Letter arrived, but two days ago; I never knew that his Horse had met with a misfortune; I am still ignorant of its nature; and did not abandon the hopes of seeing him, untill I was informed he had been gone a week on his return to New-York. My friends in this quarter are not even so liberal in their communications as I am to you; my brothers both seem to make it a point to { 445 } receive my letters with silent pleasure; and upon enquiring at thanksgiving time how Tom did, of one of his classmates; he answered that he then supposed him to be in New-York.
Two and twenty hours after I left you at Richmond-Hill, I landed at Newport, and the Thursday following arrived in Boston. I pass'd two or three days at Braintree; quite sick of what I then thought only a severe cold. I have since been induced to suppose it was the influenza. This disorder has since then been almost universal in this State; and I have been upbraided for singularity in enjoying good health, while all the world were more or less diseased. It has not however been fatal in any instance that has come to my knowledge in this neighbourhood.— When I say I have enjoyed good health, it must be understood as they say, with a grain of salt. The ancient quarrel between the powers of drowsiness and me has threatened to break out again; and a few nervous twitches have hinted to me the propriety of suffering no intermission in the article of exercise. I have scarcely been out of Newbury-Port, since my return from New-York; but I intend next week to spend a day or two at Haverhill. I was not one of the choir who welcomed the President to New-Englands shore, upon his arrival here by land. I was however in the procession, which was formed here to receive him, in humble imitation of the Capital. And when he left us, I was one of the respectable citizens (as our news-papers term them) who escorted him on horse-back to the lines of New-Hampshire.1
You, my dear madam, have abundant reason to know that your eldest son is not by any means destitute of that bubbling Passion called Vanity; and therefore you will excuse him, and allow a little parental indulgence, when he informs you of the petty honours which accrued to him in consequence of this same visit of the President; and you will make all the necessary allowances if he states facts, which are really true, in such a manner as shall exhibit him in the most advantageous light—and thus I begin.
I had the honour of paying my respects to the President, upon his arrival in this town, and he did me the honour to recollect that he had seen me a short time before, at New-York. I had the honour of spending part of the evening in his presence at Mr: Jackson's. I had the honour of breakfasting in the same room with him, the next morning at Mr: Dalton's. I had the honour of writing the billet which the major general of the County, sent him to inform him of the military arrangements he had made for his reception. And I had the honour of draughting an address, which with many alterations { 446 } and additions (commonly called amendments) was presented to him by the Town of Newbury-Port.2 So you see

“I bear my blushing honours thick upon me.”3

But as half the truth is often times a great falsehood I am constrained to account for these distinctions, in a manner, which I must honestly confess, defalcates considerably from the quantum of my importance. To the peculiar civility of Mr: Jackson and Mr: Dalton, I am indebted for having been thus admitted into the Company of the President. One of the major general's aid de camps, is my fellow student; he was then much hurried, with other business relating to the same occasion; and at his request I wrote the billet. Mr: Parsons was chosen by the Town to draught the address; and his indolence, was accommodated in shifting a part of the burthen upon his clerk: so that all my dignities have not been sufficient to elevate me above the insignificant station of a school-boy; in which character I still remain, your dutiful Son. But to turn from trifling, to a subject to me very serious, I must observe, that my own reflections upon the subject of the place of my future residence, are daily becoming more and more perplexing. You well know the objections which I have against Braintree, and I may safely appeal to your Judgment for their validity. my father's determined predilection, is the only circumstance that could give that place any claim to fixing me, under the present relative situation of my cousin Cranch and me.— Boston is strongly recommended to me by several of my friends, whose opinions in favour of the capital, are much more favourable than my own. Greater necessary expence, more necessary dissipation; and a more numerous competition for the favours of employment, are not circumstances, calculated to decide my preference. This town, while inhabited by the two most eminent barristers in the County, and an attorney, who though young is much respected, does not offer me a prospect in any manner alluring; though I should here enjoy the advantage of being more extensively known, than in any other part of the Commonwealth.— However I will postpone the full discussion of this matter till the appointment of our two Judges shall take place; after which I shall state my case fully to my father, and found my determination, upon his final opinion.4
I shall certainly write before long to my Sister; whose absence during so great a part of the Time, that I spent with you, is still a subject of much regret to me. My affection for her, and for all my friends at Richmond-Hill, I trust is not of that kind, which is { 447 } weakened by absence; and I hope they will all do me the justice to believe that my sins of omission, are not the result of insensibility. My Father and Coll: Smith, will please to accept of my dutiful and affectionate remembrance. Louisa will accept an apology, for what she has before this probably forgotten: that in the hurry with which I left Richmond-Hill, I forgot even to take my leave of her. Charles and Tom, I hope will devote a few leisure moments to fraternal correspondence; to which they may depend upon receiving punctual returns. William has doubtless forgotten his uncle Jack; who wishes very much to have a little more fun with him. John I suppose from your not mentioning him in your Letter has got well through the small-pox.— Your affectionate Son.
[signed] J. Q. Adams.
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs: A. Adams. / New-York.”; docketed: “JQ Adams / Dec 5th 1789.”
1. Washington passed through Newburyport on 30 Oct., greeted by a parade and fireworks. He remained in town overnight and left for Portsmouth, N.H., the following morning “under the same escort which conducted him to this town, to which were added, a large number of military and other gentlemen of Newbury-port” (Newburyport Essex Journal, 4 Nov.).
2. JQA's draft “Address from Newbury-Port, To President Washington” welcomed Washington to Newburyport and expressed “sentiments of joy, resulting from principals perhaps less elevated but equally dear to their hearts; from the gratification of their affection in beholding personally among them, the friend, the benefactor, the father of his Country” (M/JQA/46, APM Reel 241). The final version, as printed in the Newburyport Essex Journal, 4 Nov., included several additional paragraphs. For Washington's reply, see Washington, Papers, Presidential Series, 4:259–260.
3. Shakespeare, Henry the Eighth, Act III, scene ii, line 354.
4. JQA wrote to JA on 19 March 1790 outlining his various professional options and ultimately indicating his decision to move to Boston. He set up a law office there in August at the Adamses' Court Street house (Adams Papers).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0245

Author: Washington, Martha
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-12-08

Martha Washington to Abigail Adams

Mrs. Washington presents her best compliments to Mrs. Adams, and will thank her to say at what hour it will be agreeable to visit Mrs. Graham's School tomorrow morning.—1 Mrs. Washington encloses Mrs. Graham's note,2 by which Mrs. Adams may see the time that will be most convenient for Mrs. Graham.— Mrs. Washington will be happy to hear that Mrs. Adams and her family are in good health.—
RC (Adams Papers); addressed: “Mrs. Adams— / Richmond Hill—”
1. In fall 1789, a Mrs. Graham began advertising “Boarding and Education for Young Ladies” at a school at 59 Maiden Lane, New York (New York Daily Advertiser, 26 Sept.). Martha Washington may have been seeking a school for her granddaughter, Eleanor Custis.
2. Not found.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0246

Author: Storer, Hannah Quincy Lincoln
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-12-12

Hannah Quincy Lincoln Storer to Abigail Adams

Will My good and worthy friend Mrs. Adams, give Me leave to request her acceptance of a Small Tub of Butter? Such as we think very good, and I hope it will not come a miss, as we hear it is a Scarce Article in Newyork—
What think you dear Madam of the Match going on in Our family? do you think My Sister Nancy calculated for a Ministers Wife? a Mr.Packard of Marlborough is the selected PARSON.1
After offering My best regards to your fireside, I leave you My friend with the Same Sentiments of esteem I ever entertained for you when our intercourse was freer than it can be Now, Your at Such a remove from Me— I Now often wish you was Near enough for me to injoy in your Company what Gives Me delight, to think of— And what I again hope to injoy Tho' when our friends are Separated from us, it is Never Certain that they will Meet again—as the late Accounts from abroad of My only Brothers Death Convinces Me—2 the particulars of which have Not yet come to hand—
I fear I have tresspas'd upon your patiance & Shall only add that I am Sincerly your / Affectionate
[signed] H Storer
N— B— the Butter was put a board Barnard & directed to Gorge's care
1. Rev. Asa Packard (1758–1843), Harvard 1783, was called to the ministry at Marlborough and ordained there on 23 March 1785. He married Nancy Quincy in July 1790 (Charles Hudson, History of the Town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Boston, 1862, p. 200–202, 208).
2. Samuel Quincy, Hannah Storer's only surviving brother, died on 9 Aug. 1789 en route from the West Indies to Bristol, England (Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 13:488).

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0247

Author: Tufts, Cotton
Recipient: Adams, Abigail
Date: 1789-12-20

Cotton Tufts to Abigail Adams

[salute] Dear Cousin

Yours of the 22d. I recd. on Sunday last, by Gen Lincoln— the several Articles You requested me to procure I shall collect as soon as possible— I have made Enquiry for Butter but have not met with any that is good a considerable Quantity has been sent to New York by a Vessel that saild a day or two past— It is somewhat doubtful whether I shall be able to buy the Hams already prepared, if not shall engage { 449 } them so as to send them in Season for Your use— Barnard is expected every moment
It was hinted to me by a Friend, that Governor. H——k considered himself as somewhat neglected by Mr. Adams; having invited Mr. A—— to dine with him (at a Time when He invited the President—) Mr. A. accepted the Invitation, but did not attend—& tho Mr. H. saw him afterwards, He made no Excuse nor did He send any Billet of Excuse—& it was further added that Mr. A. did not call on Him when He left the State— I have just mentiond this—not that I suppose it a Matter of the highest Consequence—but imagine that it must be a matter which if explaind, would remove all Suspicion, as well an Imputation of Neglect— I shall write further a few Days hence, have now only Time to say that I am with great Sincerity Yr. affect Friend
[signed] Cotton Tufts
Beg the Favour of You to forward the Letter to Mrs. Rutgers—who is the Executr. of Dr. Crosbys Will—1
RC (Adams Papers); endorsed: “Dr Tufts / December 20 / 1789.”
1. Dr. Ebenezer Crosby, Harvard 1777, was born in Braintree in 1753. A professor at and trustee of Columbia College, he died on 16 July 1788. Crosby had been married to Catharine Bedlow, daughter of Catharine Rutgers and William Bedlow; Mrs. Rutgers was probably a relative of Catharine Crosby's (Appletons' Cyclo. Amer. Biog.; Ernest H. Crosby, The Rutgers Family of New York, N.Y., 1886, p. 11).
The postscript was written sideways in the margin.

Docno: ADMS-04-08-02-0248

Author: Smith, Abigail Adams
Recipient: Adams, John Quincy
Date: 1789-12-27

Abigail Adams Smith to John Quincy Adams

I have lived long in expectation of the pleasure of receiving a letter from my Dear Brother but at length I am reduced to despair; and am led to inquire what has prevented the fullfillment of a promise which you made at your departure upon my requesting you to write;— I hope you did not suppose that my absence during your visit arrose from any inattention towards yourself;— most certainly if I had had the least Idea of your leaving us so soon I should not have taken that time for my visit, it has been a scource of Chagrine to me eversince
Mamma received a letter from you last week which is the first line that any one of this family have received from you since you left us; we heard of your safe arrival through my Aunt Cranch, and we have since heard of you both from the President and Mr Dalton.
{ 450 }
upon the receipt of your Letter your Father said that he had Conversed with Mr Dana when he was at Cambridge upon the subject of your setting down in Boston, and that Mr D—— had advised to it, that he himself had Considered the subject and that he had no objection to your going to Boston, Mamma desired that he would write to you upon the subject and I suppose he will ere long,—but as it was a subject in which I knew you were much interested I thought I would mention it; as the earliest information is sometimes of some importance—, I am happy that your wishes upon this subject are answered, as I should think it a preferable situation, for Business to any Country Town, some might offer as an objection the Number who are pursueing the same objects, but a young Man of your abilities persevereance and industry need not fear of being placed in the Back Ground; most sincerely do I wish you success in your undertakeings; and pursuits, both Honourable, and profitable;— Charles is very attentive to his Office—and begins to like New York—, Thomas has been with us some time, but thinks he prefers Cambridge to New York,— as to News I donot hear of any except a Confirmation of the Account that North Carolina has adopted the Constitution,1 the Members of the Government are assembling daily and tomorrow night is the day they are to meet,
it is reported that Miss Thomson Mrs Gerrys Sister is soon to be Married to Mr Coles one of the Virginia representatives—a Widower with two Chrildren—2 Mr Jefferson has arrived in Virginia but not yet come to New York,— I suppose you have heard of the arrival of Mr Trumble, he has come to take a Number of portraits which may enable him to pursue his American peices but intends returning soon to England,—3 this is not the Country for him to paint for emolument, and we must acquire taste before his merits can be fully known
I hope I shall have the pleasure of receiving some testimony of your remembrance soon— if you have one favourite do not let that one Possess the whole of your Social Affection it will not diminish for one object by being extend to others— the President told Mamma that he was informed that her Son was more attentive to his Books than to the Ladies, perhaps you may think it the greatest Compliment that could have been paid you but I hope you will not rank inattention to your friends amongst the first of your good quallities
{ 451 }
Colln Smith desires to be remembered to you and William sends his Duty—
remember me to those who / inquire after your Sister
[signed] A Smith—
RC (Adams Papers); internal address: “Mr John Quincy Adams—”; endorsed: “My Sister. 27. Decr: 1789.” and “My Sister Decr: 27. 1789.”
1. On 21 Nov., the second North Carolina convention ratified the Constitution by a vote of 194 to 77 (Doc. Hist. Ratif. Const., 13:xlii).
2. Catherine Thompson (1769–1848), sister of Ann Thompson Gerry, married Isaac Coles (1747–1813) of Virginia on 2 Jan. 1790. Coles represented Virginia in Congress from 1789 to 1791 and again from 1793 to 1797. With his first wife, Eliza Lightfoot (d. 1781), he had two sons, as well as a daughter who died in infancy (vol. 7:141, 142; VMHB, 21:203 [April 1913]; Biog. Dir. Cong.).
3. John Trumbull remained in the United States until 1794; during that time, he painted numerous portraits and miniatures, including several for his historical series and three of JA (Theodore Sizer, The Works of Colonel John Trumbull: Artist of the American Revolution, rev. edn., New Haven, 1967, p. 7, 18).


The Adams Family, 1787–1789

2 April: William Steuben Smith, AA2 and WSS's first child, is born in London.
24 April: JA departs for Portsmouth with John Brown Cutting to attend a hearing for a man accused of counterfeiting American currency. JA returns to Grosvenor Square by 30 April.
24 April – 30 Aug.: Congress sends WSS on a diplomatic mission to Portugal. He travels by way of France and Spain and writes AA2 at least 23 letters over the course of the trip.
25 May: The Constitutional Convention convenes in Philadelphia with a quorum of seven states.
25 May – 9 June: JA travels to the Netherlands with John Brown Cutting to salvage American credit there.
26 June – 11 July: Mary (Polly) Jefferson, accompanied by her family's slave Sally Hemings, arrives in London from Virginia. She remains under AA's care until she is escorted to Paris to join her father.
18 July: JQA and William Cranch graduate from Harvard College.
20 July – ca. 20 Aug.: AA, JA, and AA2, with her three-month-old son, William Steuben Smith, tour the county of Devonshire by way of Plymouth. Along the way, they visit Richard Cranch's family in Exeter.
21 July: CA and TBA arrive in Braintree to visit the Cranches.
25 July: CA leaves Braintree to visit the Shaws in Haverhill. TBA joins him on 1 August.
mid-Aug.: CA and TBA leave Haverhill to begin their junior and sophomore years, respectively, at Harvard.
27 Aug.: William Cranch begins his legal studies with Thomas Dawes in Boston.
3 or 10 Sept.: William Smith Jr., AA's brother, dies of “black jaundice.”
8 Sept.: JQA begins his legal studies with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport.
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17 Sept.: The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia adopts a new constitution and sends it to Congress for debate.
20–28 Sept.: Congress reads and debates the Constitution, then transmits it to the states for ratification.
26 Sept: Cotton Tufts purchases the Vassall-Borland estate on behalf of the Adamses. The farm, eventually known as the Old House, becomes JA and AA's permanent residence in Braintree (later Quincy).
Sept.: JA publishes the second volume of his A Defence of the Constitutions.
16 Oct.: Isaac Smith Sr., AA's uncle, dies.
ante 20 Oct.: JA, AA, and AA2 visit Thomas Brand Hollis at the Hyde for a week.
13 Nov.: John Thaxter Jr. marries Elizabeth Duncan of Haverhill.
29 Nov.: Following Thanksgiving dinner, a disturbance breaks out in the dining hall at Harvard, with students breaking windows and furniture. CA, a waiter in the hall, is punished for refusing to give evidence against his classmates and is dismissed from his job; TBA is also fined for participating.
18 Dec.: Jacob Norton is ordained at Weymouth, the first permanent minister there since the death of William Smith, AA's father.
9 Jan.: The Massachusetts state ratifying convention begins meeting in Boston; John Hancock is chosen president.
28 Jan. – 4 Feb.: CA and TBA visit JQA in Newburyport during part of their winter vacation.
6 Feb.: Massachusetts ratifies the Constitution by a vote of 187 to 168.
15 Feb.: Long-time Adams servants Esther Field and John Briesler marry in London.
20 Feb.: JA is granted a final audience with George III and formally takes his leave.
29 Feb. – 24/25 March: JA travels to the Netherlands to take leave of the stadholder and the States General. While there, at the request of Thomas Jefferson, he negotiates a fourth loan for the United States.
Feb.: JA publishes the third volume of his A Defence of the Constitutions.
ca. 20 March: AA2 and WSS leave London for Falmouth to sail to the United States on the ship Thyne. They embark for America on 5 April, sailing to New York via Halifax.
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30 March: AA and JA depart from London first to Portsmouth then to the Isle of Wight to board the Lucretia. The vessel finally sails for Boston on 20 April.
21 May: AA2 and WSS arrive in New York City and establish their residence at Beaver Hall, Jamaica, Long Island.
6 June: The General Court elects JA to represent Massachusetts at the last sitting of the Continental Congress, but he does not serve.
17 June: JA and AA arrive in Boston where they are greeted by Gov. John Hancock and other Massachusetts dignitaries.
20 June: JQA is reunited with his parents at Boston and Braintree. John and Elizabeth Smith Shaw join the family at Braintree on 25 June, and CA comes down from Cambridge the following day.
mid-Aug.: CA begins his senior year at Harvard. TBA begins his junior year.
20–30 Sept.: JQA goes to Haverhill to be nursed by his aunt Elizabeth Smith Shaw for an illness related to recurring insomnia.
9 Nov.: John Adams Smith, AA2 and WSS's second child, is born on Long Island.
12 Nov. – late Jan. 1789: AA visits New York to assist AA2 after the birth of John Adams Smith.
25 Jan. – 20 March: AA2 and WSS return with AA to Braintree for an extended visit with family and friends.
11 Feb.: Elizabeth Cranch marries Rev. Jacob Norton of Weymouth.
4 March: The First Federal Congress convenes in New York City.
6 April: The Senate attains a quorum. It proceeds to open and count the votes of the electoral college. George Washington is unanimously elected president; JA is elected vice president, receiving 34 out of 69 votes.
13 April: JA departs from Braintree to assume his new office in New York. He stops along the way for celebrations at Hartford and New Haven, among other towns, and reaches New York on 20 April.
30 April: George Washington takes the oath of office as the first president under the new Constitution; JA is sworn in as vice president.
ca. 13 May: JA rents Richmond Hill, an estate on the Hudson River about two miles outside of the city, to serve as the Adamses' home in New York.
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10 June: AA2, WSS, and their children move into Richmond Hill with JA.
17 June: AA leaves Braintree en route to New York, traveling via Rhode Island. She is accompanied by CA; her niece, Louisa Smith; and two servants. They arrive at New York on 25 June.
14 July: The storming of the Bastille marks the beginning of the French Revolution.
15 July: CA graduates from Harvard. He does not attend the commencement ceremony, however, as he has already moved to New York.
July–Sept.: CA studies law with Alexander Hamilton. After Hamilton is named secretary of the treasury, CA joins the law firm of John Laurance to complete his legal education; he remains there for two years.
7 Sept. – 14 Oct.: JQA leaves Newburyport and travels to New York to visit his family, arriving on 16 September. While in the city, he meets the president and attends sessions of Congress and the Supreme Court. JQA departs on 5 Oct., arriving back in Boston on the 8th and in Newburyport on the 14th.
26 Sept.: The Senate confirms Thomas Jefferson as secretary of state.
29 Sept.: The first session of Congress adjourns.
12 Oct. – late Nov.: JA visits Braintree.
15 Oct. – 13 Nov.: George Washington tours the New England states; on 24 Oct. he passes through Boston, where a procession is held in his honor. JA, TBA, and Lucy Cranch attend the festivities.
22 Oct.: Cotton Tufts Sr. marries Susanna Warner of Gloucester.
30 Oct.: JQA is part of the contingent welcoming Washington at Newburyport; the next day, he helps to escort Washington to the New Hampshire border.
12 Nov.: Esther and John Briesler and their children arrive in New York to work for the Adamses.
late Nov.: TBA visits his parents in New York; he stays until Jan. 1790.
Cite web page as: Founding Families: Digital Editions of the Papers of the Winthrops and the Adamses, ed.C. James Taylor. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2018.