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JQA Diary, volume 48 12 March 1838


Neal Millikan Gag Rule Anti-Slavery Petitions to Congress Dueling American Revolution Adams Family Finances

12. VI:30. Monday

Leggett Aaron Frye Nathaniel

Sat for my miniature to Mr Freeman, lodging at Mr M’Leod’s— H.R.U.S. Petition day. The Speaker began with Virginia where he had left off last Monday, and moved Northward. It was past 3 before it came to the turn of Massachusetts— Mr Fillmore of New-York presented a Memorial from a meeting of Inhabitants of his District, where the capture of the Steam boat Caroline took place, complaining of that act, and praying for defensive military force— He moved the reference of the Memorial partly to the Military Committee and partly to the Committee of foreign Affairs— I urged him to move a select Committee which he did—but after much chicanery the whole was referred to the Committee of Foreign Affairs— At my turn I presented

41— for rescinding the Resolution of 21. Decr. 1837. 20. for the abolition of Slavery &c in the District of Columbia 3. for the abolition of Slavery in the Territories 3. for the prohibition of the internal Slave trade 4. against the admission of any new Slave State 14. Against the annexation of Texas to this Union— 6. relating to the duel, and against duelling— 1. from Origen Bacheler and the New-York Peace Society 425 1 from John Adlington for a Midshipman’s Revolutionary pension 1. from Peter Force &c for a bounty on raising mulberry trees— 1. from 14. Revolutionary Pensioners for Freedom to Slaves. 1. for expunging the Declaration of Independence from the Journals.

96. Of the memorials relating to the duel, all which were referred to the Cilley Committee I moved that the one from the President and professors of Cambridge University should be printed— Mallory of Virginia objected, and moved to lay the Memorial itself on the table. I called for the yeas and nays, upon which Mallory withdrew his objection the Memorial was referred and ordered to be printed— I asked that the Petition from the Revolutionary Soldiers should be read The Clerk began to read, but as soon as he reached the word Slavery three or four Southern members started up and it was 829laid on the table— The Petition from P. Force &c for a bounty on mulberry trees was referred to the Committee of Manufactures as were some others— I presented the Petition for expunging the Declaration of Independence from the Journals of the Old Congress, together with a Petition for rescinding the Resolution of 21. Decr. 1837. and moved the reference of them to a select Committee to report thereon.— Campbell of South-Carolina was up, and began a Speech but the Speaker stop’d him, and Cushman moved to lay both Petitions on the table, which was done— I asked if the Committee of foreign Affairs intended to report on the Peace Petitions; but no answer was given— Neither the Chairman of the Committee, nor I believe any member of it was in the house— There was no Quorum in the House three fourths of the day— There were two calls of the House, both suspended as soon as a quorum appeared. Mr Webster was making a great anti-sub-treasury Speech in the Senate— J. Sergeant lent me for the Night, the manuscript of part of his Minority report, on the Treasury Bill from the Committee of Ways and Means.— The House adjourned at 4. O’Clock— Aaron Leggett was here this evening, detailing over again his grievances against the Government of Mexico, and urging absurdly for measures of bullying— Mr Frye was also here— The dam of the Columbian Mills has been carried away by a violent freshet and breaking up of the Ice; and a heavy charge in prospect to rebuild it—