by Thomas Jefferson
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a horse will tend 20 M.; cornhills in the low-grounds. to wit, he will plough 2.M.; a day, & so get over the whole in 10. days. but in the Mountain land he will tend 25. or 30. M. hills. antient husbandry.
10 barrels of corn a year is the allowance for a plough horse.
Tom with his 3. small mules brings 15. bundles of nailrod = 840 lb in his cart from Milton, which he considers as a very heavy load.
the small three-mule carts bring t/4 cord of wood & 40. bush. coal at a load up the mountain.
Phill's 3. mules bring 1600. lb from Milton. a very heavy load for them. it was 25 bundles of nailrod & 200. lb bar iron.
the 400. Barr. of corn are destined for bread for 111. persons. so not to be counted towards stock.
|Bar. grain||ton of hay|
|18 horses @ 1 1/2 bush. of grain & 100. lb of dry hay [or 400. lb green] per week||280 +||48|
|20 working oxen @ 4/5 of the allowance to a horse, of grain||250|
|80. head of cattle from 1. to 10. years old @ 2. ton of dry hay a year, or green equivlt.||160|
|80. head||of cattle from 1. to 10. years old, will be|
|32. head||from 1. to 4. years old|
|24 steers||from 5. to 10. years old|
|8 will arrive to||11. years old every year for beeves|
|24 cows will give||12. calves annually|
|of which||8. will supply the place of the 8. beeves killed annually|
|4 will supply accidental losses, or be veals.|
5 barrels of corn per year is the allowance for work oxen, and 1. barrel a year for every head of cattle of all descriptions.