Farm Book, page 96
by Thomas Jefferson


In the neighborhood of Philadelphia, butchers pay 1/3 of a dollar a week for
pasturing their fattening bullocks.
fields which are in a course of culture should never be pastured, as that in
-jures them as much as rest would recruit them.


Straw about the roots of trees prevents the growth of grass & weeds too
near the tree, & manure & lighten the ground.
96. Sep. 4. mr Eppes examines my North orchard and says it consists of Clarke's pear
-mains, Golden wilding, & red Hughes. he says the Golden wilding must not be
mellowed before pressed, it will yeild nothing. it must be pressed as soon
as gathered. mixed with the red Hughes the make the best cyder & yeild best.
99. Nov. 1. 70. bushels of the Robinson & red Hughes (about half of each) have made 120. gallons of
cyder. George says that when in a proper state (there was much rot among these) they
ought to make 3. galls. to the bushel, as he knows from having often measured both.
see 11. Bibl. Phys. econ. apple mill.
1824. Apr. Genr. Cocke says the Peach tree worm is hatching all July, Aug. Sep. and lays its
egg immediately on being hatched. it may be seen & taken out from Mar. to June.
it should always be done before harvest.