Papers of John Adams, volume 10

Hendrik Bicker to John Adams: A Translation

To Jonathan Jackson

To Joseph Gardoqui & Sons, 2 October 1780 JA Gardoqui, Joseph, & Sons (business) To Joseph Gardoqui & Sons, 2 October 1780 Adams, John Gardoqui, Joseph, & Sons (business)
To Joseph Gardoqui & Sons
Sir Amsterdam Octr. 2 1780

It is a long Time Since I had the pleasure to Address you, or receive any of your Favours. I have Letters from my Wife which acknowledge the Receipt of the Things you sent by Trash. Your Bill upon me, was presented at my House in Paris after I left it. Mr. Dana was so good as to accept it.1

I now beg the Favour of you, to Send by every good opportunity to Boston or to Newbury Port &c. to Mrs. Adams in the Same Way, to the Amount of forty Pounds sterling in each Vessell: but more Linnens And fewer Handkerchiefs,2 and draw upon me in Amsterdam or upon Mr. Grand in Paris, for the Money. Mr. Tracy has been vastly obliging in taking the best Care to send, those which you shipped before and will do me the Same favour again.3

The English Papers announce disturbances in south America. Is there any Truth in it?4

I am with great Esteem, your obliged and obt

LbC (Adams Papers).


JA's last known letter to Joseph Gardoqui & Sons was dated 25 May (LbC, Adams Papers), while the firm's last letter to JA was of 10 June (above). The letters from AA were probably those of 5 and 16 July ( Adams Family Correspondence , 3:370–373, 375–377). For Dana's payment of the bill for the merchandise sent, see his letter of 27 Aug., and note 3 (above).


The preceding six words were interlined.


See JA's letter of 2 Oct. to Nathaniel Tracy (below).


On 26 Sept., the London newspapers printed a report from Glasgow, dated 21 Sept., that the privateer Bellona had taken the Spanish packet Cologn, bound from Buenos Aires to La Coruña. Then, or on the following day, the papers printed accounts taken from letters and other documents found on the vessel, describing the official concern at Buenos Aires over the revolt that had begun the previous March at Arequipa and Cuzco, Peru, and La Paz and Petosi, Bolivia. Reportedly the disorders resulted from increased customs duties and had led to the establishment of committees of correspondence. Significantly, while the ministerial papers, such as the London Chronicle and Lloyd's Evening Post, apparently printed all available information, the anti-North London Courant of 27 Sept. summarized the reports and concluded that they had “more the appearance of being a burlesque upon our own loss of America, than the serious air of important intelligence.” Despite such skepticism, there was serious unrest in the Spanish colonies and the March uprisings may be seen as the precursors of a general revolt led by Tupac Amaru, descendant of the Inca kings, that began later in 1780 and was brutally put down in 1783 (Hubert Herring, A History of Latin America, N.Y., 1961, p. 248–249; Cambridge Modern History , 10:267).