Declarations of Independence
The political discussions of the last many years have led the colonies to the ultimate debate on independence. The second Continental Congress continues to meet in Philadelphia in the spring and summer of 1776, its members daily confronted with the pressures of being the operating government of a set of colonies not yet divorced from their parent country, but already at war. Washington sends frequent reports and requests supplies and money to pay his soldiers. Meanwhile, the British Navy, largest in the world, sails straight for New York and threatens the revolutionary efforts as congressional members are locked in debate.
Emphasizing once more the beliefs it has espoused since the beginning of the conflict, the Massachusetts General Court reminds the citizens of the colonies that governmental power belongs
To that end, Massachusetts representative John Adams returns to the Continental Congress with, while his peers at home in the General Court that calls for support from every corner. In response to this resolve, the towns of Massachusetts draft letters to their representatives and the rest of the Continental Congress, outlining for them with respect to the question of independence.
A similar resolution reaches Congress from Williamsburg, in which the Virginia legislature concludes there isto a final break with Great Britain. Virginia representative Richard Henry Lee submits a formal resolution for independence on 7 June 1776. A committee forms to draft a declaration to that effect, composed of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, and Benjamin Franklin.
Hinting in his private records only at his needJefferson drafts the Declaration of Independence and submits it for approval to the Continental Congress. Though the Congress approves it on 2 July 1776, the representatives also make some changes as a result of their debates. Still, Jefferson believes strongly , and preserves his own version as well. John Adams takes it upon himself to create , and jubilantly writes to Abigail his belief that in the work accomplished in Philadelphia this day.
The news races up and down the roads of the newly proclaimed United States of America, and Abigail writes to her husband about theat the public announcement of independence. The political bounds between Great Britain and her colonies have been formally dissolved, and with this Declaration, the new United States of America is poised to claim her among the other nations of the world.
"This day Independency was Declared in Boston from the Balcony of the Council Chamber.... A great Confusion in Town.."